* Turkey holding municipal elections nationwide
* Six killed in clashes between rival candidates in east
* Polls test Erdogan's popular standing after scandals,
* Power struggle with Muslim cleric may intensify after poll
(Adds clashes, comments)
By Seda Sezer and Humeyra Pamuk
ISTANBUL/ANKARA, March 30 Eight people were
killed in isolated clashes in Turkey on Sunday during municipal
elections that Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan hopes will validate
him in his battle against a corruption scandal and a string of
damaging security leaks.
The voting may have become a crisis referendum on the rule
of Erdogan and his Islamist-rooted AK Party and he has been
crisscrossing the nation of 77 million during weeks of hectic
campaigning to rally his conservative core voters.
Voting went ahead peacefully in most parts of the country
but fights broke out between groups supporting rival candidates
in two villages near the southeastern border with Syria. Six
people were killed in a shoot-out in Sanliurfa province while
two more died in a village in Hatay, security officials said.
The clashes were over local council positions and were not
directly linked to the wider tensions in the country.
The level of support for Erdogan will be crucial for his
Islamist-rooted AK Party's political survival as well as his
possible bid to become the president in August.
"Today it is what the people say which matters rather than
what was said in the city squares," Erdogan told reporters as he
voted in Istanbul, his supporters chanting "Turkey is proud of
you" as he left the polling station.
Erdogan has purged some 7,000 people from the judiciary and
police since anti-graft raids in December targeting businessmen
close to him and sons of ministers. He blames the raids on
U.S.-based Islamic cleric Fethullah Gulen, an ex-ally, who he
says is using supporters in the police to try to topple the
"They are all traitors," Erdogan said of his opponents at a
rally in Istanbul on the eve of the vote. "Let them do what they
want. Go to the ballot box tomorrow and teach all of them a
lesson ... Let's give them an Ottoman slap."
AK's main opposition, the Republican People's Party (CHP),
portrays Erdogan as a corrupt dictator ready to hang on to power
by any means. Capture of the capital Ankara or Istanbul would
allow them to claim some form of victory.
AK, which swept to power in 2002 on a platform of
eradicating the corruption that blights Turkish life, hopes to
equal or better its 2009 vote of 38.8 percent and markets have
steadied this week in expectation of such a result.
A vote of less than 36 percent, not considered likely, would
be a huge blow for Erdogan and unleash AK power struggles. A
vote of more than 45 percent, some fear, could herald a period
of harsh reckoning with opponents in politics and state bodies.
As voting got under way in western Turkey at 8 a.m. (0600
GMT), an hour later than in the east, some voters subscribed to
Erdogan's belief that he is the victim of a plot to unseat him.
"You have to look at why they want to unseat the government
now. Turkey is a new state, it is getting stronger and the big
countries don't want that," said Vahap Selbuk, 20, a student
preparing for university entrance exams.
On a sunny morning at a school in the central Istanbul
commercial district of Sisli, others saw the election as an
opportunity to express their opposition to Erdogan's government.
"We expect a ray of hope in the elections. Even if the AK
Party vote doesn't fall that much, we expect them to lose big
cities at least. If not we're thinking of living abroad," said
Alper Palabiyik, 30, a financial adviser.
"It will be a long night for us but a longer night for that
dictator," he said. Voting ends at 5 p.m.
"ALLIANCE OF EVIL"
Erdogan formed AK in 2001, attracting nationalists and
centre-right economic reformers as well as religious
conservatives who form his base. Since his 2011 poll victory he
has in his statements moved more towards these core supporters.
The graft scandal, also involving anonymous Internet
postings of tapped state communications implicating Erdogan in
corrupt actions he denies, was all but eclipsed in recent days
by the leaking of a recording of a top-level security meeting.
In the recording, the intelligence chief, foreign minister
and military commanders discuss possible armed intervention in
neighbouring Syria's civil war. A senior government official
described the leak as one of the biggest crises in modern
Turkey's history, threatening further sensitive disclosures.
The leak seemed particularly to target MIT intelligence
chief Hakan Fidan, possibly Erdogan's closest confidante.
Officials suggest Gulen's Hizmet network released the
recording, giving an alarming sense in Ankara that government
has only tentative control of state bodies and part of the
security apparatus while power struggles play out.
Hizmet denies orchestrating the leak scandal and manoeuvring
to control the state apparatus, but those close to the network
say they fear a heavy crackdown after the elections.
Erdogan, who describes Hizmet as a terrorist organisation in
an "alliance of evil" with major opposition parties, seems
likely to act quickly to tackle the leaks and he may have given
a first indication of that in his speech on Saturday.
(Additional reporting by Seyhmus Cakan, Daren Butler, Ayla Jean
Yackley, Ece Toksabay, Can Sezer, Alexandra Hudson, Dasha
Afanasieva, Jonny Hogg and Gulsen Solaker; Writing by Ralph
Boulton and Daren Butler; Editing by Nick Tattersall and Mark