* Austrian, German and Swiss export credit insurers pull out
* Failure to meet World Bank standards cited
* Fate of project unclear, suppliers await Turkish response
(Corrects cost to 1.2 billion euros from 2 billion euros)
VIENNA, July 7 Three Western export credit
insurers quit Turkey's planned Ilisu dam on the Tigris River on
Tuesday because it is failing World Bank environmental and
heritage standards, throwing the 1.2 billion euro ($1.68
billion) project into doubt.
The dam is due to provide 3.8 billion kilowatt hours of
electricity a year and help wean Turkey off reliance on energy
imports. But it will also swallow up more than 80 villages and
hamlets by the time of its planned completion in 2013.
Work on the project was halted in December when the three
insurers -- Euler Hermes Kreditversicherung of Germany,
Austria's Oesterreichische Kontrollbank and Swiss Schweizerische
Exportrisikoversicherung -- ordered suppliers to stop working on
the dam for 180 days.
"The agreed contractual conditions regarding the
environment, cultural heritage and relocation could not be
fulfilled," the insurers, which were providing credit guarantees
for the German, Austrian and Swiss suppliers, said in a joint
One of the suppliers, Austrian machinery maker Andritz
(ANDR.VI), expressed regret and said it was waiting for a
Turkish government decision on the dam before deciding whether
to stay in the project.
It was unclear whether Turkey would continue construction on
the dam now that the European backers have withdrawn.
Turkey had said work on the dam would continue this week,
prompting sharp criticism from Iraq, which believes the project
would worsen an already dire water shortage.
The Tigris and Euphrates rivers both rise in Turkey and flow
into Iraq, the latter passing first through Syria.
Turkey began work on the dam in 2006. Environmentalists and
historians say almost all of the historic ruins that attract
tourists to the southeastern town of Hasankeyf, on the Tigris,
would be buried if the project goes forward.
Hasankeyf was used by the Romans as a fortress to ward off
the Persians. The town was later destroyed by Mongols and
rebuilt in the 11th century by Selcuk Turks. The plans allow for
the ruins to be moved to an area nearby.
(Reporting by Sylvia Westall; Editing by Kevin Liffey)