* Plans 7-10 MW facility to be operational in 2 years
* Small pilot plant tests successful
By Nina Chestney
LONDON, Feb 1 UK company Highview Power
Storage plans to develop a commercial facility which uses liquid
air to store renewable energy after a pilot project was
successful, the firm told Reuters on Wednesday.
One of the problems facing wind power development is how to
store surplus energy when the wind is strong and release it when
the weather is calm.
Highview recently completed tests at a 350 kilowatt pilot
plant near London and connected it to the National Grid, and
says it is confident its technology works and is planning a
larger scale plant.
"We are currently in discussions to build a 7-10 megawatt
unit. Our aim is for this to be operational in two years," said
Toby Peters, the firm's co-founder and chief operating officer.
Liquid air energy storage takes electricity from the grid at
peak times, such as on windy days, and uses it to cool air until
it liquefies at minus 196 degrees Celsius.
The liquid air can then be stored cheaply and safely until
it is needed and exposed to normal temperatures. Then the liquid
immediately turns back into gas, expanding by 700 times, and can
be used to turn a turbine and feed electricity back to the grid.
The pilot plant was part funded by a 1.1 million pound
($1.74 million) grant from the UK government.
The UK's National Grid estimates it needs another 4.5
gigawatts of additional operating reserve by 2020 to balance the
grid as more and more renewable power is deployed.
Most current energy storage solutions are inadequate,
forcing wind turbines to be switched off when there are
extremely high winds.
National Grid paid 12.8 million pounds to wind farm
operators last year to compensate them for switching off their
turbines when the grid was overloaded during stormy days.
"Today we are seeing urgent demand for large-scale energy
storage which can be deployed where pumped hydro is not viable,"
"With the right support, energy storage could not just help
the transition to a green grid but also generate major revenue
and jobs for the UK economy as well."
($1 = 0.6337 British pounds)
(Editing by James Jukwey)