(Reuters) - Russian gas flows via Ukraine shut down completely on Wednesday, hitting 18 countries ranging from large European Union members such as Germany to small ex Soviet Moldova.
AUSTRIA - About 60 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
Gas flows stopped on January 7.
No rationing of supply to Austrian firms before next Monday.
Oil and gas group OMV was drawing on reserves, domestic production and other imports to guarantee supply.
The company has about 1.75 billion cubic metres of gas in storage, enough to supply Austrian household demand for three months during the winter.
GERMANY - About 42 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
German energy groups E.ON AG and Wingas are relying on gas stores and a transit route via Poland. Gas shipments to Europe via Ukraine have been massively reduced since early on Tuesday, and no Russian gas has arrived into Germany via Czech Waidhaus border point for a second day.
Energy firms warned of gas shortages if the dispute lasted much longer and sub-zero temperatures endured.
TURKEY -- About 67 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
Russian gas supplies from a western pipeline passing through Ukraine were cut on Tuesday. The country has raised supplies of Russian gas delivered via a pipeline under the Black Sea. Gazprom’s Blue Stream pipeline to Turkey is working at full capacity of 45 million cubic metres (mcm).
GREECE -- About 82 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
All Russian gas supplies via Ukraine to Greece were halted on Tuesday. Turkey’s gas exports to Greece were below the contract level on Wednesday with low pressure on the pipeline.
ITALY -- About 28 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
Russian gas imports via the TAG pipeline were substantially interrupted from 1 a.m. on Wednesday, with supplies reduced by 90 percent. Italy has tapped its gas reserves, which are around 5.1 bcm.
FRANCE -- About 24 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
Russian shipments dropped by more than 70 percent on January 6. French Energy group GDF Suez guaranteed supplies.
France does not rely on gas in the same way as Germany or Italy because 80 percent of its electricity is produced by nuclear energy.
HUNGARY -- About 60 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
E.ON Ruhrgas is to supply Hungary with 2.5 mcm of natural gas per day via a pipeline from Austria.
Hungary limited natural gas consumption by industrial users.
CZECH REPUBLIC - About 80 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
Main transit pipeline from Russia to the Czech Republic and Western Europe was halted from midnight.
SLOVAKIA - About 100 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
Slovakia has declared a state of emergency, following a halting of gas supplies from Russia overnight.
Slovakia may restart a nuclear power plant unit it shut down to comply with the European Union accession agreement if Russian gas supplies remain halted for a longer time, Prime Minister Robert Fico said on Wednesday.
The Slovak gas transit and distribution company SPP said it had reduced supplies to around 1,000 Slovak companies.
BOSNIA - Nearly 100 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
Russian deliveries stopped on January 6. Bosnia uses around 350 million cubic metres of gas annually. It has no gas reserves.
Consumption in the past two days rose to 1.6 million cubic metres because of low temperatures.
SERBIA - About 87 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia**
Supply from Russia was cut off on January 6. Serbia has gas reserves of 100 million cubic metres, which could last for about 10 days under normal daily consumption of about 10 cubic metres.
BULGARIA - About 96 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia**
The suspension of all Russian gas supplies via Ukraine to Bulgaria, halted on Tuesday, have forced dozens of Bulgarian industrial companies to cut production sharply, the firms said on Wednesday.
The Neftochim Burgas refinery, controlled by Russia’s LUKOIL, halted all exports of heavy fuel after a cut in Russian gas supplies prompted a switch to oil.
POLAND -- About 47 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia**
Russian deliveries via Ukraine halted on January 7.
Imports continue via Belarus.
The government has approved a motion to cut gas supplies to industrial clients, the deputy prime minister said.
Its gas distributor PGNiG said on Wednesday Poland was receiving 84 percent of contracted Russian gas in spite of the halt in deliveries.
SLOVENIA - About 64 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia**
Russian supplies stopped from midnight. Deliveries to customers have not been disrupted.
CROATIA - About 37 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia**
Russian flows halted again late on January 6.
Croatia’s government declared a crisis on Wednesday, making distributors cut gas flows to industry and give priority to homes, schools and hospitals, Deputy Prime Minister Damir Polancec said.
Croatia consumes about 12 million cubic metres of gas each day during winter. It produces 4.8 million cubic metres and imports the remainder from Russia.
Croatia has 370 million cubic metres of gas in storage, enough to last around three weeks, said Prime Minister Ivo Sanader. Some 10 percent of that amount belongs to Slovenia.
MACEDONIA - About 100 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
All Russian gas supplies via Ukraine to Macedonia halted on Tuesday, Bulgaria’s economy ministry said.
ROMANIA -- About 28 pct of gas for domestic use from Russia*
All Russian gas supplies to Romania were cut early on January 7. Underground storage and gas production by Romgaz and Petrom were being used to make up for the shortfall. Romania, less reliant on Russian gas than other ex-communist counterparts, produces around 65 percent of its annual domestic consumption.
MOLDOVA - Moldova is no longer receiving Russian gas via Ukraine, the country’s government said in a statement on Wednesday.
Northern regions of Moldova had adequate gas reserves only for 48 hours, while southern regions could last for seven days on existing reserves, Economy Minister Igor Dodon said at a government meeting.
* Figures calculated using the BP Statistical Review
** Figures from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.