* Western passport holders cannot raise long-term finance
* Restriction applies to firms on sanctions lists
* Rules force some executives to give up part of duties
* Novatek and VTB have reshuffled financing roles
By Katya Golubkova and Oksana Kobzeva
MOSCOW, Aug 27 Western sanctions over the
Ukraine crisis could force some executives at Russian firms with
foreign passports to give up certain duties, complicating life
at the top of some of the country's largest companies.
U.S. and European Union sanctions bar some major Russian
firms from raising new Western financing of more than 90 days.
They also ban U.S. or EU nationals and companies from providing
services related to the organisation of long-term funding for
the companies, regardless of where it comes from.
Out of the companies on the sanctions lists, Reuters has
identified some with senior managers holding a Western passport,
including energy firm Novatek, top lender Sberbank
, No. 2 bank VTB and oil major Rosneft.
Executives with foreign passports at Novatek and VTB have
already handed over responsibility for organising new debt or
equity issuance to colleagues without EU or U.S. passports.
Banking insiders say beyond the inconvenience of reshuffling
roles, the problem has not yet had a major impact. But it adds
to a list of Western sanctions that have produced an unintended
"boomerang" effect: causing problems for Western firms or
individuals, as much as for the Russian targets.
Head-hunting firms said there has been no exodus of foreign
executives from Russian firms as a result of the sanctions, but
the problems thrown up could accelerate an existing trend of
Russians replacing foreigners in senior posts.
The financing restrictions create "certain problems with the
ability of a foreign national working with or in Russia who has
to do a certain job such as getting finance flows in order,"
said Felix Kugel, Vice-president and Managing Director at
ManpowerGroup in Russia and Commonwealth of Independent States.
Investment banks are also potentially affected. A banking
source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said Russian
bankers had to step in to handle the financing of sanctioned
firms, in place of colleagues with foreign passports.
Novatek, Russia's biggest non-state-owned gas producer, was
the first firm to publicly acknowledge it had been forced to
re-jig senior roles because of the Western sanctions.
Mark Gyetvay, a U.S. citizen and Novatek's chief financial
officer (CFO) for more than 10 years, has acknowledged that he
can no longer help his firm raise new long-term financing.
"None of my other primary roles and responsibilities as the
CFO in Novatek have been impacted by the sanctions, except for
participating in new debt issuance with maturities of 90 days or
longer," Gyetvay told a conference call last month.
Novatek holds a 60 percent stake in the ambitious Yamal
liquefied natural gas project, which requires investment of $27
billion. Up to 70 percent is initially expected to come from
project finance through banks, including overseas institutions.
Still, Leonid Mikhelson, chief executive and a Novatek
shareholder, has said the firm and the other partners in Yamal -
France's Total and China's CNPC - are capable of
increasing shareholder funding should there be issues with
Two banking sources told Reuters that Herbert Moos, CFO at
VTB who joined the group from Lehman Brothers in 2008, has a
European passport. Moos said on a conference call last week that
VTB's senior vice-president Dmitry Pyanov will now coordinate
fundraising for the state-controlled bank.
Moos declined to comment on whether the decision was linked
to sanctions. In a written response to a Reuters request for
comment, VTB said Pyanov was appointed to coordinate fundraising
in February, before any sanctions were imposed, while Moos is
still overseeing the financial department Pyanov heads.
Last week, VTB posted an 82 percent slide in first-half net
profit, saying Russia's economic slowdown and tensions over the
Ukraine crisis had hit its performance.
The impact of the curbs on who can be involved in raising
long-term finance has been limited in part because sanctions-hit
firms are barred from raising Western finance anyway, regardless
of the nationality of the executives involved.
One person who holds a Western passport and works at a firm
on the sanctions list said he had not heard of any fallout
inside his company "just because there are no deals".
But this could change over the medium or longer term if
sanctions are extended, or firms that will not get alternative
state support run out of cash - and are forced to look for other
sources of finance.
Sberbank CIB, Sberbank's investment banking arm, declined to
comment on whether any of its staff had adjusted their roles.
Sberbank itself said deals were always being coordinated by
"a large, diversified and balanced" team, which allowed it to
take all risks into account without harming business.
Top oil producer Rosneft said Western sanctions had not led
to any restrictions on its top executives responsibilities,
irrespective of their nationality.
Other big finance firms named in the Western sanctions lists
include Gazprombank and Russian Agricultural Bank, also known as
Gazprombank said: "There are no cases in Gazprombank when
employees have to step away from their responsibilities or roles
due to the sanctions."
Rosselkhozbank said there were no EU or U.S. passport
holders among its employees responsible for capital raising.
Oleg Kozlov, vice-president at management consultancy firm
AMT Consult, said he had not seen foreigners leaving Russia in
massive numbers as compensation packages remained attractive.
"In the medium term, the situation could possibly change
given the overall worsening in economy," he said.
(Additional reporting by Elena Orekhova and Anastasia
Teterevleva; Editing by Alexander Winning, Christian Lowe and