SHANGHAI/HONG KONG (Reuters) - Agricultural Bank of China’s historic IPO is likely to lag the first-day jump in share price enjoyed by its rivals, as it aims to raise a record $22 billion in markets worried about growth and other equity sales.
A successful debut for China's third-largest bank by assets would lend support to bank stocks, help stabilize a Shanghai market .SSEC that has tumbled about 25 percent this year and bode well for upcoming fundraisings by peers including Industrial & Commercial Bank of China (ICBC) (1398.HK)(601398.SS) and Bank of China (3988.HK)(601988.SS).
“AgBank’s IPO has such far-reaching implications for China in that a successful listing is seen as politically crucial, so a drop is unlikely,” said Fang Jiang, strategist at Founder Securities.
However, a limited supply of liquidity and generally weak demand for initial public offerings are likely to weigh on AgBank’s debut, making the initial jump that its predecessors enjoyed more difficult to achieve, analysts said.
AgBank’s debut may therefore buck the typical trend, rising less than 5 percent on the first day, compared with first-day pops of up to one-third for rival Chinese banks.
AgBank, the last of China’s “big four” state banks to go public, was founded by Mao Zedong in 1951 and now has some 441,000 employees in more than 23,000 branches. Its customer base of about 350 million is larger than the population of the United States.
A drop below AgBank’s IPO price of 2.68 yuan in Shanghai and HK$3.20 in Hong Kong is unlikely as some institutions are expected to help stabilize its price, analysts said.
“If AgBank’s listing is smooth and its shares steadily rise afterwards, that would benefit the whole market as well as other banking stocks,” Wu Songkai, Huatai United Securities analyst, said.
Should the offering show strong demand in the first few weeks, China’s third-largest lender will exercise an over-allotment, boosting the $19.3 billion raised last week by nearly $3 billion, making it the largest IPO ever.
AgBank is braving a stock market that is struggling to find its feet amid investor concerns over monetary tightening, the economy’s health and a flood of new share issues.
Investors are also casting doubts over Chinese banks’ growth prospects after last year’s lending spree weakened their balance sheets and threatened asset quality.
AgBank, which was technically insolvent just three years ago and had non-performing loans of around 24 percent, sold 22.2 billion yuan-denominated shares in Shanghai at the top of an indicated range. The Hong Kong deal priced in the middle of its original range.
The IPO price, which represents 1.6 times 2010 forecast book value, is largely in line with rivals and leaves little room for price gains in the secondary market, analysts said.
“If the stock rises too much, there will be tremendous selling pressure,” said Zhou Lin, analyst at Huatai Securities, who forecast AgBank will rise 3-4 percent to around 2.78 yuan on Thursday.
ICBC shares rose 5 percent on its first day of trading in Shanghai in October 2006, compared with 23 percent for Bank of China also in 2006 and 32 percent for CCB in 2007. After exercising its over-allotment, ICBC raised $21.9 billion, which stands as the world largest IPO to date.
AgBank has said it would grow at a faster pace than its major rivals, reporting on Tuesday a 40 percent jump in first-half net profit.
Some investors seem unimpressed.
“I don’t expect AgBank’s shares to rise much, given the current economic situation. I just want to make some pocket money,” said David Pan, a 40-year-old businessman in Shanghai, who plans to sell all his shares on its debut.
AgBank’s Shanghai IPO attracted much less than expected from mainland investors, while the Hong Kong portion was only five times oversubscribed by individual investors -- significantly less than rival banks.
AgBank has sold 40 percent of the Shanghai offering to 27 strategic investors including China Life Insurance (2628.HK) (601628.SS) and China State Construction (601668.SS). They are subject to lock-up periods of 12-18 months.
Eleven cornerstone investors have been selected for its Hong Kong share offering, including Qatar Investment Authority and Kuwait Investment Authority, taking a combined $5.45 billion worth of shares.
“If the Hong Kong stock market stabilizes at current levels in the next few days, I expect AgBank can achieve 2-3 percent upside,” said Ben Kwong, chief operating officer at KGI Asia.
Editing by Michael Flaherty and Lincoln Feast