Here are some global data on HIV and AIDS from the latest update report by the Joint U.N. Program on
THE GLOBAL PICTURE:
* An estimated 33.3 million people worldwide had the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS in 2009, according to the latest figures issued by (UNAIDS). There were 26.2 million in 1999.
* There were an estimated 1.8 million AIDS-related deaths around the world in 2009.
* One in four AIDS deaths is caused by tuberculosis, a preventable and curable disease.
* Since the AIDS pandemic started in the early 1980s, more than 60 million people have been infected with HIV and nearly 30 million have died of HIV-related causes.
* In 2009, there were 2.6 million new HIV infections, down from 3.1 million in 1999.
* Around 370,000 children were born with HIV in 2009, bringing to 2.5 million the total number of children under 15 living with HIV.
* AFRICA & ASIA:
* An estimated 1.8 million people were newly infected with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa in 2009, bringing to 22.5 million the number of Africans who have HIV.
* There were 1.3 million AIDS-related deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2009.
* Out of the total number of people living with HIV worldwide in 2009, 34 percent resided in 10 countries of Southern Africa.
* With an estimated 5.6 million HIV-positive people, South Africa continues to have the world's largest HIV epidemic. Swaziland has the highest adult HIV prevalence in the world: an estimated 25.9 percent of people in the country were living with HIV in 2009.
* In Asia an estimated 4.9 million people were living with HIV in 2009, about the same number as five years earlier.
* An estimated 300,000 people died from AIDS-related causes in 2009 compared to 250,000 in 2001.
* An estimated 360,000 people were newly infected with HIV in 2009, compared to 450,000 in 2001, a 20 percent reduction over eight years. In India, Nepal and Thailand, the incidence rate of new HIV infections fell by more than 25 percent between 2001 and 2009.
* Some 1.5 million people in Eastern Europe and Central Asia have HIV.
* In Central and South America, new HIV infections were an estimated 92,000 in 2009, bringing to 1.4 million the number of people there who have HIV. An estimated 68,000 people died of AIDS-related illnesses there in 2009.
* There were around 2.3 million people with HIV in North America and western and central Europe in 2009 and there were 101,000 new HIV infections in that year.
(Compiled by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit;)