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(Reuters) - A $500 million initial public offering for private equity-backed aluminum processor Aleris Corp ARS.N was postponed due to market conditions on Wednesday, an underwriter said, dealing a blow to its majority owner, Oaktree Capital Management LP.
The Ohio-based company, owned by Oaktree Capital Management OAKCP.UL and Apollo Global Management (APO.N), had hoped to price 31.3 million shares at a range of $15 to $17. At the middle of the range, this would have been a $500 million IPO.
Aleris had planned to sell 9.4 million shares and existing shareholders planned to sell the remaining 21.9 million. Most of those shares would have come from Oaktree, which was looking to cut its ownership stake from 59.7 percent to as low as 40.4 percent.
Leon Black's Apollo Global Management LLC was hoping to cut its stake to as low as 12.7 percent from 18.9 percent.
Postponing the IPO is not just a setback for Oaktree, which saw its own $380.3 million IPO on Wednesday price at the bottom of its expected range, but also for others who hoped that a recovery in equity markets allowed for easy access.
Aleris was the latest in a string of private equity-backed industrial companies looking to tap the public markets, following in the footsteps of vehicle transmission-systems maker Allison Transmission and industrial parts maker Rexnord.
Aleris may have had difficulty attracting investors because of its exposure to China where questions remain about economic growth, according to a source familiar with the deal. China comprises 4 percent of the company's revenue and its exposure is likely to grow through a aluminum rolling plate joint venture in the country.
Investors may have also questioned Aleris' reliance on the European automotive industry, where it is the number one supplier by volume of recycled aluminum alloy material. New car sales in the region are likely to decline for the fifth year in a row in 2012, Fiat Chief Executive Sergio Marchionne said last week.
Recent IPO performance has been mixed overall. While buzzy tech companies like Millennial Media MM.N saw shares skyrocket following public debuts, others like Erickson Air-Crane EAC.O have seen delayed pricing.
"Aleris may not have been the type of product investors are looking for especially since it's focused on aluminum, which is a commodity market," said Tom Taulli, an independent IPO analyst. "If there's concern about a global economy slowdown this could affect it."
Aleris operates 41 production facilities worldwide, including 14 that make rolled and extended aluminum products and 27 recycling and specification alloy manufacturing plants.
The company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in February 2009 as a result of the global recession, allowing debt investors to seize control from TPG Capital LP.
Aleris' IPO underwriters include J.P. Morgan, Barclays, Deutsche Bank, Bank of America Merrill Lynch and Goldman Sachs. Aleris was expected to begin trading on the New York Stock Exchange on Thursday with the ticker "ARS."
Editing by M.D. Golan and Jonathan Hopfner