(Reuters) - Caterpillar Inc (CAT.N), the world's largest maker of tractors and excavators, slashed its 2012 forecast for the second time this year and warned the global economy was slowing faster than it had expected.
The cautionary note was the latest in a string of comments from multinational manufacturers, including General Electric Co (GE.N) and Honeywell International Inc (HON.N), that the economic recovery remains tenuous and tepid at best.
Caterpillar's retail dealers are selling off inventories, rather than buying new machines, forcing the company to idle some production at plants earlier this year with additional shutdowns coming, executives said on Monday.
"As we've moved through the year, we've seen continued economic weakening and uncertainty," Chief Executive Doug Oberhelman said in a statement.
The statement also noted that sales in China, the world's largest user of construction equipment, had also declined in the quarter and had yet to improve, although Caterpillar expected China's construction industry to pick up through next year.
Caterpillar does not expect the global economy to begin to improve until the second half of 2013. It anticipates that China will take further steps to prod its slowing economy.
"We expect additional easing in 2013 and project economic growth will improve to 8.5 percent" in China, it said. That forecast compares with economists' expectations for 7.8 percent, according to a recent Reuters poll.
The company's shares rose 1.45 percent to $85.08 on Monday.
Analysts and investors said the stock, down more than 20 percent in the past six months, appeared to offer a good buying opportunity given Caterpillar's strong growth prospects after the world economy recovers.
"The next couple of quarters will be tough-going, but longer-term I don't think their competitive position is threatened," said Morningstar analyst Adam Fleck. "They're still globally the world leader, and this isn't an industry that is going away."
Caterpillar posted better-than-expected third-quarter profit on a rebound in U.S. sales of heavy equipment from a 30-year low. Europe and parts of Latin America remain tough regions for Caterpillar.
The weakening euro zone is the "most significant" risk to the company's 2013 outlook, executives said.
Caterpillar's growth is closely linked to global macroeconomic trends, which are now trending "flat-to-down," said Longbow Research analyst Eli Lustgarten.
"They've been muddling through this kind of weak environment," he said of Caterpillar.
The company expects sales of mining equipment to slip in 2013 as falling metal and coal prices force companies to pull back on production. Sales of construction equipment should improve next year, especially in emerging markets.
And sales of power generators should be flat next year, Caterpillar executives said. The three areas each comprise roughly one-third of the company's sales.
For the third quarter, Caterpillar posted profit of $1.7 billion, or $2.54 per share, compared with $1.14 billion or $1.71 per share, in the year-ago period.
Excluding one-time items, the company earned $2.26 per share. By that measure, analysts expected $2.22, according to Thomson Reuters I/B/E/S.
Revenue rose 5 percent to $16.45 billion. Analysts looked for $16.77 billion.
For 2012, the company now expects to earn $9 to $9.25 per share on sales of $66 billion. The company had previously expected about $9.60 per share, while analysts estimated 2012 profit of $9.40 per share on revenue of $67.64 billion.
It was the second time this year that Caterpillar has cut its 2012 forecast.
Caterpillar spooked markets at a major industry conference last month, when it looked three years into the future and slashed its earnings forecast for 2015. Oberhelman blamed an "anemic" economic outlook, especially in the mining sector.
The results come the week after Peoria, Illinois-based Caterpillar announced a wave of senior executive retirements, including two members of its leadership team.
Reporting by Ernest Scheyder in New York; Editing by Jeffrey Benkoe, Leslie Gevirtz, Matthew Lewis and Ken Wills