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FACTBOX: Facts about Canada's aboriginal people
February 15, 2008 / 12:09 AM / 10 years ago

FACTBOX: Facts about Canada's aboriginal people

(Reuters) - Here are six facts about Canada’s aboriginal people.

-- There are 1,172,790 First Nations, Metis and Inuit people in Canada, collectively called aboriginal, making up to 3.8 percent of Canada’s total population.

-- Between 1996 and 2006, the aboriginal population grew by 45 percent, compared with 8 percent for the non-aboriginal population.

-- There are over 50 aboriginal languages spoken in Canada, of these, only Cree, Inuktitut and Ojibway have a large enough population of fluent speakers to be considered viable to survive in the long term.

-- There are 78,855 fluent speakers of Cree.

-- Ontario has the largest concentration of aboriginal people at 242,495. Six Nations is the largest reserve in Canada, with over 21,000 members.

-- The Iroquois Confederacy, or Six Nations, was originally made up of only five tribes: the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca. The Tuscarora joined later, becoming the sixth nation.

(Source: Gaweni:yo Language Preservation Project; Statistics Canada)

Compiled by Julie Gordon in Toronto

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