Here are six facts about Canada's aboriginal people.
-- There are 1,172,790 First Nations, Metis and Inuit people in Canada, collectively called aboriginal, making up to 3.8 percent of Canada's total population.
-- Between 1996 and 2006, the aboriginal population grew by 45 percent, compared with 8 percent for the non-aboriginal population.
-- There are over 50 aboriginal languages spoken in Canada, of these, only Cree, Inuktitut and Ojibway have a large enough population of fluent speakers to be considered viable to survive in the long term.
-- There are 78,855 fluent speakers of Cree.
-- Ontario has the largest concentration of aboriginal people at 242,495. Six Nations is the largest reserve in Canada, with over 21,000 members.
-- The Iroquois Confederacy, or Six Nations, was originally made up of only five tribes: the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca. The Tuscarora joined later, becoming the sixth nation.
(Source: Gaweni:yo Language Preservation Project; Statistics Canada)
(Compiled by Julie Gordon in Toronto)