WASHINGTON Eight Republican and Democratic U.S. senators introduced legislation on Thursday to repeal all restrictions on U.S. citizens' travel to Cuba, the first step in Congress toward ending the U.S. embargo since President Barack Obama moved toward normal relations last month.
The bill would end legal restrictions on travel to the island by U.S. citizens and legal residents, as well as on related banking transactions.
The Obama administration announced some loosening of restrictions on travel last month, but Congress must vote to end them.
Senators backing the bill include Republicans Jeff Flake, Jerry Moran, Michael Enzi and John Boozman, as well as Democrats Patrick Leahy, Richard Durbin, Tom Udall and Sheldon Whitehouse.
They acknowledged Cuba will not change overnight, but called Thursday's announcement an important step.
"We're not offering a concession. We're simply saying that Americans should be allowed to have the right to travel wherever they would like to unless there's a compelling national security reason," Flake said.
Although Republicans are generally more resistant to the changes in Cuba policy backed by Obama, a Democrat, lawmakers from farming states generally favor moves that could lead to more open Cuban markets for U.S. rice, wheat and poultry.
Moran is from Kansas, Enzi from Wyoming and Boozman from Arkansas.
The senators said there was bipartisan support in the Senate for ending the travel ban, possibly enough to pass it if the chamber's Republican leaders allow it to come up for a vote.
A total end to the embargo will not happen any time soon, they said.
A companion bill on travel will be introduced in the House of Representatives next week by Republican Representative Mark Sanford and Democratic Representative Jim McGovern.
There has been vocal opposition to any ending of Cuba's isolation in the U.S. Congress, led by staunchly anti-Castro Cuban-American lawmakers including Republican Senator Marco Rubio and Democratic Senator Robert Menendez.
Menendez said the United States should not make travel to Cuba easier before the Havana government moves toward democracy. "Any further changes to U.S. policy towards Cuba and additional sanctions relief must be conditioned on the Castro regime's actions," he said in a statement responding to the bill.
Opponents of Obama's plans have so far not announced any legislation seeking to stop them. There will be hearings on Cuba next week in both the Senate and House.
Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro announced on Dec. 17 they would work toward normalizing relations between their countries, more than half a century after Castro's brother Fidel took power.
Castro set a tough tone on relations with the United States in a speech on Wednesday, warning that any U.S. interference in Cuba's internal affairs would make rapprochement meaningless.
U.S. companies are already moving toward business with Cuba. American Express Co (AXP.N) said Tuesday it would launch operations in Cuba. And Kayak, owned by online travel agency Priceline Group Inc (PCLN.O), has added Cuba to its website.
(Editing by Jason Szep and Lisa Shumaker)