ROME (Reuters) - Ethiopia faces its worst drought in decades, leading the United Nations food agency to call on Friday for an emergency cash injection of $50 million to help the country overcome the crisis.
Crop production has fallen up to 90 percent in some regions and failed completely in the country’s east, a consequence of an El Nino weather pattern that has caused significant declines in rain in some parts of the world and floods in others.
The Rome-based UN Food and Agriculture Organisation said the drought had decimated Ethiopian livestock and threatened food supplies for 10.2 million people. Access to pasture and water will worsen until the rainy season begins in March, FAO said.
“The outlook for 2016 is very grim,” said FAO representative for Ethiopia Amadou Allahoury. “Food overall will become harder to access if we continue to see prices rise, food stocks deplete and livestock become weaker, less productive, and perish.”
Brought to its knees by famine in 1984, Ethiopia’s economy is now one of the fastest-growing in the world, leaving it better able to deal with such crises. Agriculture also plays a smaller role in the economy, but the FAO says it still provides half of gross domestic product and 80 percent of employment.
The agency’s plan includes distributing seeds and animal feed, vaccinating animals, delivering 100,000 sheep and goats to vulnerable households and giving farmers cash for bringing weakened and unproductive livestock to slaughter.
Communities will be offered support with savings-and-loans schemes, irrigation projects, and education.
El Nino, marked by warming sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean, causes both drought and flooding in Ethiopia. FAO said the latter was expected to be as destructive to agriculture as the lack of rain.
Reporting by Isla Binnie, editing by Larry King