ATHENS Europe's refugee crisis is posing risks for the Greek economy and the debt-laden country needs substantial help to deal with the migratory flows, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development said on Thursday.
Greece, struggling to meet the terms of its international bailout which helps it stay afloat, is also the main gateway into the EU for hundreds of thousands of refugees, mainly from Syria and other war-torn countries.
"The refugee crisis creates significant problems for the Greek economy and growth," OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria told reporters after meeting Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras in Athens.
"Greece needs to receive substantial support to deal with this new challenge. No single country can address this challenge on its own," he said in comments translated into Greek.
His statements came days after European Union leaders froze a deal with Turkey on the migration crisis, saying details remained to be worked out, with a view to reaching an ambitious package agreement at a scheduled summit on March 17-18.
Gurria projected Greece's economy would not expand this year but grow 1.9 to 2 percent in 2017. He warned that only through reforms the country could exit the debt crisis.
Tsipras, who said last week that he did not want to link the migration crisis with negotiations on bailout targets and debt relief, also cautioned that Europe's migrant crisis could have a fiscal impact.
More than 41,000 refugees and migrants are stranded in Greece, their plans to travel further north blocked by border shutdowns throughout the Balkans.
The European Union launched a new aid program last week worth an initial 700 million euros that mirrors the kind of disaster relief it offers developing nations.
Greece has asked for emergency funding and supplies including tents, blankets, sleeping bags and ambulances, from Europe to tackle the unprecedented crisis.
Greece and its international lenders resumed talks on Wednesday on its fiscal and reform progress, rekindling hopes that its first bailout review may be concluded next month.
Tsipras said Athens was "very close" to concluding the review which would open the way for debt relief helping the country restore its credibility and lift capital restrictions imposed in June to end a flight of deposits amid political uncertainty.
"This would lead to a positive chain reaction, which will help us return to growth in the third quarter of 2016, right after June and lift capital controls," he said.
(Reporting by Karolina Tagaris and Renee Maltezou; Editing by Alison Williams)