NEW YORK (Reuters) - Stocks fell more than 1 percent on Wednesday after Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke said the central bank would start to reduce its stimulus measures later this year if the economy is strong enough.
Equities have been closely tethered to ultra-loose monetary policy, which has been key to the S&P’s climb of more than 14 percent so far this year. Benchmark 10-year U.S. bond yields jumped to a 15-month high on expectations the Fed will reduce its bond buying.
Bernanke said at a news conference the Fed may reduce its bond-buying program with the goal of ending it in mid-2014. While investors have expected the Fed to pull back on its stimulus, Bernanke’s comments gave the most explicit timeline to markets, causing stocks to tumble on heavy volume. In the days leading up to the Fed announcement, stocks had swung between modest losses and breakeven.
“I was surprised he addressed the issue of tapering, since last time he did we saw a fairly significant market hiccup,” said Randy Bateman, chief investment officer of Huntington Asset Management in Columbus, Ohio.
The Dow Jones industrial average .DJI was down 205.96 points, or 1.34 percent, at 15,112.27. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index .SPX was down 22.89 points, or 1.39 percent, at 1,628.92. The Nasdaq Composite Index .IXIC was down 38.98 points, or 1.12 percent, at 3,443.20.
Shortly before Bernanke spoke at a news conference, Fed policymakers said in a statement the Fed would keep buying $85 billion in bonds per month and gave no explicit indication that it was close to scaling back the stimulus program.
About 6.65 billion shares changed hands on the New York Stock Exchange, the Nasdaq and NYSE MKT, above the daily average so far this year of about 6.36 billion shares.
“If the economic growth we have is sustainable without the Fed, that’s good news,” added Bateman, who helps oversee $15 billion. “But it is hard to wean the system off the easy money.”
The benchmark 10-year U.S. Treasury note fell 1 9/32, with the yield rising to a 15-month high of 2.3325 percent.
The S&P 500 rose for the two days before the Fed decision on confidence that current stimulus would be left in place even if Bernanke nods at the need to begin reducing bond purchases later in the year.
The stimulus helped the stock market reach a record high on May 21, one day before Bernanke said the Fed could reduce its bond-buying in the “next few meetings” if the economy gained momentum. His comments rocked markets, boosting bond yields and halting stocks’ rally.
Despite the increased volatility of the past month, the market has moved largely sideways. The S&P 500 is about 2.4 percent below its record high of 1,669.16, reached May 21.
More than four-fifths of stocks traded on the New York Stock Exchange fell while 70 percent of Nasdaq-listed shares ended lower.
Real estate investment trusts, whose dividends attracted investors during the low interest-rate period, were among the hardest hit on Wednesday. The benchmark MSCI US REIT index .RMZ was down 3.1 percent, with Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust (PEI.N) off 2 percent to $19.19 and Simon Property Group (SPG.N) down 2.9 percent to $162.52.
REITs are exempt from corporate-level income tax if the companies distribute at least 90 percent of their taxable income in the form of dividends to shareholders. Since Bernanke began to signal the possible end of the policy, the index is down 12 percent.
Shares of Adobe Systems Inc (ADBE.O) rose 5.6 percent to $45.78 a day after the maker of Photoshop and Acrobat software reported a higher-than-expected adjusted quarterly profit.
FedEx Corp (FDX.N) reported higher quarterly profit than expected as its ground shipment business improved. Shares were up 1.1 percent at $100.54.
After the market closed, Jabil Circuit Inc (JBL.N) fell 1.6 percent in extended trading after it reported a steep drop in quarterly profits, while Micron Technology Inc (MU.O) lost 1.5 percent to $13.76.
Red Hat Inc (RHT.N) rose 3.9 percent to $48 after the closing bell. The company posted a strong jump in earnings and revenue.
On the downside, Sprint Nextel (S.N) was both the most heavily traded stock on the New York Stock Exchange and one of the biggest decliners on the S&P 500, down 4.4 percent to $7.
Additional reporting by Ilaina Jonas; Editing by Nick Zieminski and Kenneth Barry