SEOUL A former North Korean missile expert who was placed under sanctions by the United Nations for his role in the country's nuclear and missile weapons programs has died, state media said on Wednesday.
The announcement of Jon Pyong Ho's death came as North Korea launched short-range missiles into its eastern waters in the early hours of Wednesday.
The missiles, which an official of the South Korean joint chiefs of staff said appeared to be ballistic Scud-class, were launched from a province in western North Korea and flew about 500 km (310 miles) before falling into waters to the northeast.
Jon, a highly decorated general in the Korean People's Army (KPA) and senior Worker's Party of Korea (WPK) figure, died aged 88 of natural causes, state media said.
"He made a special contribution to turning the KPA into a powerful elite revolutionary army equipped with modern and defensive means and converting the DPRK into a satellite producer, launcher, and a nuclear weapons state," official KCNA news agency said, using the North's official acronym.
Jon's passing is unlikely to have any impact on the North's weapons program because he had been retired from the frontlines and had passed his duties on to successors. However, he was still an influential figure.
"He was certainly so powerful that when he left office as WPK Secretary and Director of Munitions Industries in 2010, Kim Jong Il essentially split his old position in two," said Michael Madden, an expert on the North's leadership.
A graduate of Moscow State University and a close adviser to late leader Kim Jong Il, Jon worked for more than four decades as a senior figure in the production and development of North Korean arms before retiring from public life in 2011.
When he was in office he oversaw development of the isolated, impoverished North's long-range ballistic missile programs and was directly involved with its first test of a nuclear device in 2006.
He helped broker a deal with Pakistan in the 1990s that provided Pyongyang with critical technology for its uranium enrichment program and exported advanced North Korean missile technology that is still in use by Pakistan.
Wednesday's missile launch was in defiance of a U.N. ban that prohibits North Korea from using or procuring ballistic missile technology that could be used in its nuclear or intercontinental ballistic missile programs.
In Washington, the U.S. State Department said it was concerned by reports of the new North Korean missile launches and that Pyongyang had apparently failed to give prior notification to merchant ships, fishing vessels and passenger and cargo aircraft in the area.
"Such provocative actions unilaterally heighten tensions in the region and they will not provide North Korea with the prosperity and security it claims to seek," spokeswoman Jan Psaki told a regular news briefing.
North Korea, which has threatened a fourth nuclear test, also in violation of U.N. sanctions, has test-fired short-range missiles and rockets four times in the past two weeks, and has threatened to continue doing so.
A state funeral in honor of Jon and his legacy in North Korea's nuclear and missile programs will be organized by the country's leader, Kim Jong Un, and held in Pyongyang soon, North Korean media said.
"Although Jon passed away, the exploits he performed on behalf of the party, the revolution and the country will shine on," KCNA said in an obituary.
(Additional reporting by Ju-min Park in Seoul and David Brunnstrom in Washington; Editing by Jack Kim, Paul Tait and Mohammad Zargham)