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PRAGUE (Reuters) - U.S. President Barack Obama launched on Sunday a long-term plan to create a world free of nuclear weapons.
Obama's speech, to an outdoors audience of thousands in the Czech capital of Prague, came after North Korea raised security fears across the world by launching a long-range missile which it said was intended purely to put a satellite in orbit.
According to the Obama plan, the United States will:
-- reduce the role of nuclear weapons in its national security strategy and urge others to follow
-- maintain "a safe, secure and effective arsenal" to deter adversaries as long as such arms exist
-- negotiate a new strategic arms reduction treaty with Russia this year
-- seek to include all nuclear weapons states in arms cuts
-- "immediately and aggressively" pursue U.S. ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in an effort to accelerate a global ban on nuclear testing
-- seek a new treaty that verifiably ends the production of fissile materials intended for use in state nuclear weapons
-- seek to strengthen the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, proposing more resources for international inspections and urge "real and immediate consequences" for those caught breaking the rules
-- promote civil nuclear cooperation by urging an international fuel bank available to every nation that renounces nuclear weapons
-- support Iran's right to peaceful nuclear energy with rigorous inspections
-- pursue a cost-effective and proven missile defense system "as long as the threat from Iran persists"
-- back a new international effort to secure all vulnerable nuclear material around the world within four years
-- host a world summit on nuclear security in the next year.
Compiled by Mark John; editing by Jan Lopatka