NEW YORK (Reuters) - Vacancies at U.S. strip malls hit an 18-year high in the fourth quarter and the vacancy rate for large regional malls reached the highest in at least 10 years, according to real estate research firm Reis Inc.
Strip malls -- neighborhood and community shopping centers typically anchored by grocery or drug stores -- had a vacancy rate of 10.6 percent in the fourth quarter, surpassing the high set in 1991, Reis economist Ryan Severino said in a report released on Wednesday. The early 1990s is a period often referred to as the commercial real estate depression.
"Our outlook for retail properties as a whole is bleak," Severino said in a statement. "Until we see stabilization and recovery take root in both consumer spending and business spending and employment, we do not foresee a recovery in the retail sector until late 2012 at the earliest."
Reis said that continuing high unemployment and inconsistent consumer spending will weigh heavily on retail properties for at least another 18 to 24 months.
It expects the vacancy rate at neighborhood and community centers to keep rising, and rents to continue falling through 2011.
The deteriorating fundamentals could inflict strong headwinds for real estate companies such as Pennsylvania Real Estate Investment Trust (PEI.N), Macerich Co (MAC.N), Kite Realty Group Trust (KRG.N), Glimcher Realty Trust GRT.N, General Growth Properties Inc GGWPQ.PK and Equity One Inc EQY.N.
Asking rent at U.S. strip malls fell 0.5 percent from the third quarter to $19.12 per square foot in the fourth quarter, or down 2.05 percent for the year. Factoring in months of free rent and the landlord's portion of the cost for interiors, effective rent fell 0.8 percent to $16.75 per square foot, wiping out rent gains over the past nearly four years.
For the first time in Reis' 29 years of tracking the fundamentals of strip malls, effective rent in all of the 77 markets it covers declined.
"It is daunting to observe this acceleration in decline in what has traditionally been regarded as a stable property type," Severino said.
The vacancy rate at large regional malls rose to 8.8 percent from 8.6 percent the third quarter. It was the highest vacancy rate for U.S. malls since Reis began tracking mall performance. Asking rent fell 0.4 percent to $39.03 per square foot, the lowest since the second quarter 2006.
"This is the first time in almost 10 years of quarterly history that Reis has observed rent declines for five straight quarters, and the year-over-year decline of negative 3.6 percent is the largest magnitude of deterioration over a 12-month period on record as well," Severino said.
Reporting by Ilaina Jonas; Editing by Richard Chang