MADRID Spanish gaming group Codere (CDRE.MC) said on Thursday it is seeking protection from creditors and starting talks to avoid insolvency, after struggling to keep up with debt payments in recent months because of higher tax bills and other costs.
The company is the latest in Spanish to run into trouble even as the country slowly emerges from recession, with bankruptcies handled in court in 2013 up 15 percent from the year before, according to official data.
Codere's problems, however, stem mainly from its overseas businesses. The company blamed its cash shortage on the closure of several gaming outlets in Mexico, license renewal costs in Argentina and tax increases in various countries.
Codere had 1.27 billion euros ($1.73 billion) of debt at the end of last September, according to company filings, including three bond issues and other loans. It has up to four months to reach a deal with banks and investors.
The loss-making company made several late payments on bond coupons in recent months as it tried to win time to restructure its debts. It warned on Thursday that it may be unable to repay a 127 million euro loan due on January 5 if it does not first reach an agreement with lenders.
International private equity firm Blackstone Group LP (BX.N), through its credit arm GSO Capital Partners, and hedge fund Canyon Capital LLC are among investors that have bought up Codere debt in recent months.
The two U.S. firms gave the company extra credit lines to tide it over and help it pay coupons.
Codere has become a prominent example of how the opaque market for credit default swaps (CDS) can drive creditors to influence a company's debt payment schedule rather than just hedge their bets on its debt.
In September 2013, Codere made an intentional late coupon payment on $300 million of its bonds that allowed it to gain consent from its creditors, which traded on CDS, to push back the debt maturities of a 100 million euro ($137 million) loan package.
By then, GSO and Canyon were investors in that loan, snapping up the debt in the open market earlier that year. The two debt fund managers also lent Codere 35 million euros to make its delayed coupon payment.
Blackstone was an investor in Codere's CDS while Canyon was not, according to a person briefed on the matter who was not authorized to discuss the matter publicly. GSO and Canyon declined to comment.
Sources close to Codere's debt talks have said bondholder debts could be cut by half in a debt-for-equity swap.
Codere posted a 93 million euro loss for the first nine months of 2013. Its core profit of 172.3 million euros, or earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA), was down nearly 27 percent from the year before. ($1 = 0.7322 euro)
(Reporting by Sarah White in Madrid; Additional reporting by Greg Roumelioris in New York; Editing by Tom Pfeiffer, Steve Orlofsky and Andre Grenon)