ANKARA (Reuters) - Turkish police hauled in a top retired general along with several fellow officers for questioning on Thursday over their role in the overthrow of Turkey’s first Islamist government in 1997.
Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP), which itself has Islamist roots, has made curbing the military’s political influence one of its main missions, and state prosecutors have pursued officers suspected of conspiring against current and former governments.
The arrests are the latest humiliation for generals who for decades had considered it their right to interfere in political affairs, and had toppled four governments between 1960 and 1997.
The latest raids on homes of around a dozen retired and serving officers across Turkey marked a second wave of arrests to hold the military to account for what Turks refer to as the bloodless “post-modern coup”.
Among those arrested was Major-General Erol Ozkasnak, who as Secretary General for the Chief of Staff had been third in command at general staff headquarters, when the military forced prime minister Necmettin Erbakan to quit.
Television footage showed police standing guard outside Ozkasnak’s seaside mansion in Bodrum, one of Turkey’s most desirable Mediterranean resorts, while more police searched inside.
A picture on the website of state-run Anatolian news agency showed a silver-haired Ozkasnak wearing sunglasses and being led from his home followed by a man in a suit, apparently a plain-clothes police officer.
Prior to his arrest, Ozkasnak emerged from his house to collect something from his car. “Please don’t disturb me, I am going to be disturbed anyway in a little while,” Anatolian reported him as telling reporters gathered outside his home.
Police swooped on the homes of the officers in several cities across the country, including the capital Ankara and Turkey’s biggest city Istanbul, after a court issued the arrest warrants for four serving and eight retired officers.
Political reforms in 2010 to remove old coupmakers’ immunity gave prosecutors room to delve deeper into Turkey’s history.
The sight of police seizing white-haired former generals and escorting them into detention, unthinkable a decade ago, has now become a familiar one in Turkey over the last few years.
Hundreds of military officers, including top serving and retired commanders, are now facing trials accused of involvement in the alleged “Ergenekon” and “Sledgehammer” coup conspiracies against Erdogan and his ruling party.
An Ankara court ruled over the weekend that former deputy chief of staff Cevik Bir and other officers should be held under pre-trial detention relating to the 1997 “coup”, to remove any risk of them fleeing.
Those arrested on Thursday will initially be brought in for questioning and a court will then have to rule whether they will remain formally detained. There is no provision for bail in Turkey, and pre-trial detention can drag on for months.
The officers would face charges of plotting to remove an elected government and preventing it from fulfilling its duties.
Erbakan, who died of heart failure aged 85 in March last year, pioneered Islamist politics in Muslim but strictly secular Turkey and paved the way for the subsequent success of Erdogan’s AKP.
This month the landmark trial began of former General Kenan Evren, now 94, who led a coup in 1980 that led to the execution of 50 people, the torture of thousands, and disappearance of hundreds more in three years of military rule.
The generals, known widely by their Ottoman title of “Pasha”, traditionally saw themselves as the guardians of the secular republic set up by soldier-statesman Mustafa Kemal Ataturk from the ashes of the Ottoman Empire in 1923.
Writing by Jonathon Burch