CHICAGO Chicago teachers stayed away from public schools for a third day on Wednesday in a strike over Mayor Rahm Emanuel's demand for tough teacher evaluations that U.S. education reform advocates see as crucial to fixing urban schools.
With more than 350,000 children from kindergarten to high school out of school, the patience of parents and labor negotiators began to fray as hopes of a quick resolution to the biggest U.S. labor strike in a year were dashed.
One of Emanuel's negotiators, Barbara Byrd Bennett, said the two sides had not even met by early afternoon on Wednesday. The school district said it gave the union a comprehensive proposal on Tuesday night.
"We have not formally met with them. We have not received a response to our proposal," Byrd Bennett said.
Civil Rights leader Jesse Jackson, who is based in Chicago, appeared at the site where negotiations were supposed to take place on Wednesday and said that he had met with both sides separately to urge them to settle.
"Both sides are dug in. They can't hear each other," Jackson said.
Emanuel attended a routine meeting of the city council on Wednesday where the strike was not discussed. After the meeting, he held a press conference and repeated his contention that the union chose to strike and should go back to work.
"There's nothing that can't be worked through while our kids stay in the classroom... Those issues can be negotiated simultaneously while our kids are in the classroom learning."
But Karen Lewis, the union leader who has galvanized the union, said there were fundamental issues of closing schools in poor neighborhoods and evaluating teachers without giving due weight to the conditions children live in.
"If you are going to make decisions, instead of sitting in an air conditioned office with a spreadsheet, come talk to us and see what's really going on," she said on Wednesday.
Lewis led the walkout on Monday of more than 29,000 teachers and support staff in the nation's third-largest school district, saying the union would not agree to school reforms it considers misguided and disrespectful.
The dispute jolted the United States, where a weakened labor movement seldom stages strikes and even less frequently wins them. Organized labor has lost several fights in the last year including Wisconsin stripping public sector unions of most of their bargaining power, Indiana making union dues voluntary and two California cities voting to pare pensions for union workers.
The strike in Barack Obama's home city has also put the U.S. president in a tough spot between his ally and former top White House aide Emanuel and labor unions Obama is counting on to win re-election on November 6.
Obama has said nothing in public about the dispute, allowing administration surrogates to urge the two sides to settle.
Obama's own Education Department has championed some of the reforms Emanuel is seeking, and a win for the ambitious Chicago mayor would add momentum to the national school reform movement.
"Being on the sidelines at the moment is fine. As long as it gets settled in a reasonable time period, no one's going to blame the president," Dick Simpson, a professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, said of Obama.
Emanuel canceled a trip to New York on Friday to speak to a group of bankers, his office said on Wednesday.
NO COMMON GROUND?
The first poll of Chicago voters since the strike showed 47 percent supporting the teachers union, 39 percent against the strike and the rest uncommitted, according to the Chicago Sun-Times newspaper.
The city is operating 147 schools with non-union staff to offer meals and "keep children safe and engaged," but only a fraction of parents have been using that option, officials said.
At Disney elementary school, several dozen strikers with homemade signs targeting Emanuel and school policies picketed in cool, sunny weather on Wednesday.
Kent Barnhart, a music teacher for the past 25 years, said neighborhood parents had been supportive, offering water and opening their homes and even joining picket lines to march. But he said teachers were frustrated with the slow talks.
"It's difficult for us to understand why they have not truly discussed over the last 11 months things that have been very important," he said of school officials. "It didn't seem like they took it seriously - really important things like evaluations, health benefits and pay."
Both sides agree Chicago schools need fixing. Chicago students consistently perform poorly on standardized math and reading tests. About 60 percent of high school students graduate, compared with 75 percent nationwide and more than 90 percent in some affluent Chicago suburban schools.
The fight does not appear to center on wages, with the school district offering an average 16 percent rise over four years and some benefit improvements.
The union is fiercely opposed to Emanuel's demand that teacher performance be evaluated in part on the results of their students on standardized tests because it says teachers have no control over the conditions students face such as crime-ridden neighborhoods, poverty and disengaged parents.
More than 80 percent of Chicago public school students qualify for free lunches at school because they come from low-income households.
(Additional reporting by Mary Wisniewski, James Kelleher and Peter Bohan; Editing by Greg McCune and Cynthia Osterman)