NEW ORLEANS Kansas City Federal Reserve President Thomas Hoenig renewed his call for the U.S. central bank to raise borrowing costs on Friday, saying housing markets cannot follow a sustainable path until the Fed normalizes monetary policy.
"Moving rates modestly off of zero, where they have been since December 2008, still represents highly accommodative monetary policy," he said in remarks prepared for delivery to the National Association of Realtors.
"Such action is necessary if we are to ensure a more stable economy that can thereby foster a more sustainable housing market," he said.
Hoenig's remarks on monetary policy were in his written text but not the speech he delivered.
Hoenig dissented against the Fed's decision on Wednesday to resume efforts to jolt the sluggish economic recovery by buying $600 billion in longer-term government securities, saying he believes the move risks inflation and fueling a future boom and bust cycle.
The Kansas City Fed president said mortgage finance agencies Fannie Mae FNMA.OB and Freddie Mac FMCC.OB, which the government took control of at the height of the financial crisis, could not be allowed to operate in the future as they had in the past.
"I support a policy path that returns the housing industry toward greater market discipline and greater long-run stability," he said. "This path requires a greatly reduced role for governmental intervention and public subsidies that have distorted the market over recent decades."
Hoenig said reducing or removing subsidies for housing would be the best way to create a healthy housing market. Subsidies directed toward housing markets have been "extremely inefficient," he said.
One way to reform mortgage finance might be to establish public entities whose only job is to securitize mortgages, making the government no more than a conduit for mortgage finance, Hoenig said.
Another option would be to make mortgage securitization purely private, perhaps with federal guarantees for some mortgages that met strict standards, he said.
(Reporting by Mary Rickard, Writing by Mark Felsenthal; Editing by Andrea Ricci)