(Reuters) - Flooding in the upper reaches of the United States bordering Canada could affect the seeding of spring wheat in as many as 500,000 acresacross North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota and Montana.
The Red River may crest at a record 41 feet on Saturday in Fargo, North Dakota, while flooding along the 550-mile (885-km) long river may affect the seeding of the wheat crop in up to 500,000 acres across four states.
The Red River flows north from southeast North Dakota into Canada's Lake Winnipeg, forming the border between North Dakota and Minnesota.
The river is located in an ancient lakebed and because it flows north, it is especially prone to flooding. The water freezes as it moves north into Canada. Its banks are not very high and flood waters can spread out huge distances over the flat landscape.
The Red River Valley area is known for its rich, fertile soil. Its prime farmland produces corn, soybeans, spring wheat, potatoes, and more than half of the sugar beets grown in the United States.
Here are some key facts about the Red River Valley, based on latest data from the U.S. Agriculture Department and U.S. Census Bureau.
* Fargo, North Dakota: population 90,056
* Moorhead, Minnesota: 32,786;
* Grand Forks, North Dakota: 50,372
* East Grand Forks, Minnesota: 7,740
* Wahpeton, North Dakota: 8,443
* Breckenridge, Minnesota: 3,559
SPRING WHEAT, used for bread flour and prized for its high protein content.
* North Dakota is the top U.S. spring wheat producer with 246.4 million bushels harvested in 2008, about 45 percent of the 546.7 million bushel U.S. crop. The eastern third of the state accounted for about half of North Dakota's crop in 2008.
* Minnesota is the No. 2 spring wheat state, producing 100.8 million bushels in 2008, about 18 percent of U.S. production. More than 90 percent of Minnesota's crop is located in the northwest corner of the state.
* North Dakota was the No. 12 corn producing state in 2008 with 285.2 million bushels, about 2 percent of the 12.1 billion bushel U.S. corn crop last year.
* Minnesota was the No. 4 corn state, although most of its corn is grown in the southern third of the state. Red River Valley counties produced about 256.2 million bushels in 2008, or about 2 percent of U.S. output.
* North Dakota was the No. 11 soybean producing state in 2008 with 105.3 million bushels, about 3.5 percent of the 2.96 billion bushel U.S. soybean crop.
* Minnesota was the No. 3 soybean state, but most of the state's soybeans are grown in the southern third of the state. The Red River Valley region produced about 85 million bushels in 2008, or about 3 percent of U.S. output.
* Minnesota and North Dakota are the top two sugar beet producing states, accounting for more than 60 percent of the 26.8 million ton U.S. crop in 2008.
Reporting by Michael Hirtzer and Karl Plume; Editing by Marguerita Choy