April 12 A massive spending-cut bill crafted by
President Barack Obama and congressional leaders eliminates
high-speed rail projects key to U.S. green energy goals, cuts
border security efforts that Republicans said were already
lagging and kills a controversial Pentagon jet fighter engine.
The budget measure is expected to be put to a vote on
Thursday in the House of Representatives and by Friday in the
Without the legislation, government funding runs out at
midnight on Friday.
If passed and sent to Obama to sign and enact into law, the
measure would achieve $38 billion in overall spending cuts for
the rest of this fiscal year, from 2010 levels. About $12
billion of those savings already have been enacted into law.
Some conservatives already are expressing opposition,
saying the legislation falls short of what is needed to begin
fixing an economy suffering from mounting debt and deficits.
Liberals say the bill focuses too narrowly on necessary
domestic programs while letting unnecessary tax breaks for oil
But so far, all signs point to passage in the House and
Senate in a move to keep the government running through Sept.
Following are details on the spending cuts and some
spending increases, according to congressional committees.
Modest funding increases for the Securities and Exchange
Commission and the Commodities Futures Trading Commission,
which are both working to implement the Dodd-Frank financial
The proposed spending bill raises funding for the SEC by
$74 million from 2010 levels to $1.19 billion and funding for
the CFTC by $34 million to $202.7 million.
TRANSPORTATION, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT
A $12.3 billion, or 18 percent, cut for the Departments of
Transportation and Housing and Urban Development as well as
It cuts $1.4 billion in funding for high-speed rail, $991
million for transit services and $3.2 billion from the Highway
Trust Fund's contract authority. The bill also reduces the
Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community
Development Fund by $942 million.
A cut of $1.6 billion, or 16 percent, in funding for the
Environmental Protection Agency. The reductions would come as
the agency is trying to gear up to regulate greenhouse gas
emissions blamed for global warming.
Overall, the measure increases Pentagon funding by $5
billion and includes $157.8 billion for overseas contingency
operations to advance U.S. military missions abroad.
But funds would be denied for a second engine for the
Pentagon's Joint Strike Fighter -- a program the Obama
administration has been trying to terminate. The bill also
denies money for the non-line of sight cannon.
COMMERCE, JUSTICE AND SCIENCE
A $10.9 billion, or 17 percent, reduction for the Commerce
Department, Justice Department and science programs at NASA and
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
A $946 million cut for the Justice Department focuses on
grant and construction programs. The bill reduces Commerce
Department funding by $6.5 billion, while prohibiting money for
a climate service at NOAA and for bilateral NASA and science
technology activities with China.
LABOR, HEALTH AND EDUCATION
A $5.5 billion, or 3.36 percent, cut for the Departments of
Labor, Health and Human Services and Education.
The cuts include terminating two programs funded by Obama's
healthcare reform legislation. The bill returns funding to 2008
levels for family planning services.
A $504 million spending cut for the State Department and
related foreign operations from 2010.
Provisions include a $377 million cut in U.S. contributions
to the United Nations and other international organizations.
The bill also reduces funding to international banks and
financial institutions, and for family planning activities.
A $3 billion cut that includes $10 million from food safety
and inspection programs, $433 million from agricultural credit
programs, $64 million from agricultural research and $126
million from the National Institute for Food and Agriculture.
A $2.4 billion, or 10 percent, reduction including most
Treasury and White House accounts and construction money for
new federal buildings. The bill also provides a $13 million
increase for scrutinizing the Troubled Asset Relief Program,
restores a provision against the use of federal and local funds
for abortions in the District of Columbia and eliminates
administration "czar" positions for healthcare, climate change,
autos and urban affairs.
ENERGY AND WATER
A $1.7 billion, or 5 percent, reduction in funding for
federal energy and water programs.
A legislative summary provides few details but says the
bill meets Obama's $4.9 billion budget request for the U.S.
Army Corps of Engineers and provides a $627 million, or 7
percent, increase for the National Nuclear Security
A $784 million, or 2 percent, cut for the Department of
Homeland Security that includes funding for border security
fencing, infrastructure and technology and FEMA first
responders. The bill also caps the number of airport screeners
(Reporting by David Morgan, Richard Cowan and John Crawley in
Washington; editing by Mohammad Zargham)