* Rep. Royce demanding tough sanctions on Iran, North Korea
* More legislation from committee despite party rifts?
* New committee chair calls for Keystone pipeline approval
By Patricia Zengerle
WASHINGTON, Jan 14 After 20 years working on
international relations in Congress, Representative Ed Royce
takes over the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs
Committee with one goal firmly in mind: a harder line, with
tighter sanctions, on Iran.
So low-profile that some fellow Californians call his dad,
former Orange County water official Ed Royce Sr., "the real Ed
Royce," the 11-term Republican congressman has garnered less
national attention than most new heads of major committees.
Royce's appointment has raised expectations that the House
panel, after two years of bitter divisions and little action,
could be less partisan and more productive.
He has been on the committee throughout his career in
Congress, inspired by his father, who helped liberate the Dachau
concentration camp in Nazi Germany while serving in General
George Patton's Third Army during World War Two.
Royce insists that foreign policy can be bipartisan - and
cites strong support from both Democrats and Republicans for
Iran sanctions as an example.
The atmosphere on Capitol Hill could be even more conducive
to tougher measures against Iran if Senator Robert Menendez, a
sanctions champion, succeeds Senator John Kerry as Senate
Foreign Relations Committee chairman, as is expected. President
Barack Obama has nominated Kerry to be Secretary of State.
Royce faults Obama for doing too little to push for change
in North Korea or to stop Tehran's nuclear programs. The White
House says it has helped enact the toughest sanctions in history
But, despite being considered one of the most conservative
Republicans in Congress, Royce was not among the harshest
Republican critics of the White House in the most bitterly
partisan foreign policy event of 2012: the Obama
administration's handling of the attacks in Benghazi, Libya.
He even applauds Obama for initiatives including free trade
agreements with South Korea, Colombia and Panama; improved
relations with Burma, and actions to boost human rights and
fight AIDS in Africa.
"He has had a very long career and has emerged as an open,
honest, straightforward and I think collaborative cooperative
figure," California Republican strategist Jonathan Wilcox said.
As an influential Republican foreign policy voice, Royce
said his top priority will be measures to choke Iran's economy
and force it to stop its nuclear enrichment program. "I am very
much in favor of crippling sanctions on Iran," he said in an
"I think we should list that as the top priority in the
nation right now. It's going to be our greatest concern,
especially given the experimentation that Iran is doing with
miniaturizing nuclear weapons and their attempt to obtain a
three-stage ICBM capability," Royce said.
Iran says its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes.
GETTING BILLS TO THE FLOOR
Royce's low-key style contrasts with that of his predecessor
as committee chair, U.S. Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen,
known for fiercely defending the U.S. embargo of Cuba and as a
sharp partisan critic of the Obama administration.
"Ed Royce and I are going to get along together just fine,"
said Rep. Eliot Engel, the committee's new top Democrat. "He is
low-key, but very knowledgeable and has a very astute and good
The two congressmen will visit Taiwan, China, the
Philippines and South Korea together later this month.
Foreign policy analysts said Royce's approach should help
the committee get more legislation through Congress and to the
White House for Obama's signature.
"For authorizing committees, that's the biggest challenge.
Can we get our bills out of committee and onto the floor? And
the answer for the last few years has been not just 'no,' but
'hell, no'," said Danielle Pletka of the conservative American
Royce, 61, has been a U.S. congressman since 1993, easily
winning re-election for 11 terms in the Orange County area, a
Republican stronghold in a mostly Democratic state.
He worked as a tax manager before entering politics as a
California state senator. A fiscal conservative, Royce is also
on the House Financial Services Committee.
TAKING ADVANTAGE OF SHIFT IN SENATE
Royce said he would seek to eliminate waivers on Iran
sanctions. The Obama administration has renewed exceptions for
all 20 of Iran's major oil buyers twice since Obama signed the
sanctions into law a year ago, in return for those nations
significantly reducing their purchases of Iranian oil.
He also said he will look for more ways to clamp down on
Iran's entire energy industry and make it harder for foreign
companies to sell any commercial goods to Iran, as well as to
deplete or freeze Tehran's remaining foreign currency reserves.
Menendez, a Democrat, championed a series of new sanctions
that took effect last year that require buyers of Iranian oil to
make significant cuts to their purchases, or risk being cut off
from the U.S. financial system.
The measures have been credited with helping cut Iran's oil
exports by more than 50 percent, costing Iran up to $5 billion
per month, severely choking its economy. But Tehran has not yet
agreed to international conditions on its nuclear program.
Royce said his other priorities for the committee include
using sanctions to pressure North Korea over its weapons
programs, increasing the use of U.S. broadcasting as a foreign
policy tool, pushing for free trade, and pressing the White
House to approve a permit for TransCanada Corp.'s
Keystone XL pipeline.
"Energy has become a national security issue and as
technology continues to improve, there will be more debates like
the one on Keystone. I want to see the committee in an active
role on that pipeline. I've held hearings on it in the past and
I think that's still going to be very much in play," Royce said.
The U.S. State Department could rule on the pipeline early
this year, but environmental groups are expected to push for