Feb 27 (Reuters) - The plan Detroit filed in federal court last week to restructure $18 billion of debt and emerge from bankruptcy will not change the city's 'D' general obligation credit rating, Standard & Poor's Ratings Services said on Thursday.
The rating agency also said the plan, which calls for some GO bondholders to take an 80 percent loss on their investment, will not change the way it views the U.S. municipal bond market as a whole, calling Detroit's dire fiscal situation "unique."
"Although actions to date may give us a clearer picture of how Michigan's current administration makes policy decisions, or how the state's emergency manager law may, or may not, support local units of government, they have not triggered any GO rating changes in the state, or across the U.S. to date," said S&P analyst Jane Hudson Ridley in a statement.
Detroit's state-appointed emergency manager filed for the biggest ever U.S. municipal bankruptcy in July. The city defaulted on $608 million of unlimited tax and limited GO debt in October, prompting S&P to drop its rating from C to D.
S&P said it will be focusing on how GO bonds are ultimately treated in Detroit's bankruptcy given that the city is proposing a much higher payout on pensions, which it also considers unsecured debt.
S&P added that the debt adjustment plan Detroit released last Friday suggests that the city's bonds backed by its slice of state revenue sharing will be paid in full. Those bonds, sold through the Michigan Finance Authority, have retained their investment-grade ratings of AA, AA-minus and A-plus.