* Manufacturing output rises 0.8 percent in February
* Industrial production increases 0.6 percent
* New York state manufacturing expands in March
* Reports suggest economy breaking from winter's icy grip
By Lucia Mutikani
WASHINGTON, March 17 U.S. manufacturing output
recorded its largest increase in six months in February and
factory activity in New York state expanded early this month,
the latest signs the economy was gaining momentum after being
dampened by severe weather.
Monday's fairly upbeat factory data should encourage the
Federal Reserve to further scale back its monetary stimulus
this week, even though a separate report suggested the housing
sector would take a while to pull out of its recent soft patch.
"The economy's engines are starting back up after a cold
January. It makes us more confident the economy will continue to
move forward as the year progresses," said Chris Rupkey, chief
financial economist at Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ in New York.
Factory production increased 0.8 percent in February, its
largest advance since last August, after a 0.9 percent January
drop, the Federal Reserve said. Economists had expected a gain
of 0.2 percent.
In a separate report, the New York Fed said its "Empire
State" business conditions index, which measures factory
activity in the state, rose to 5.61 in March from 4.48 in
February. New orders, shipments and inventories all increased.
The manufacturing data added to evidence from retail sales
to employment that has suggested the economy was regaining
strength after a an abrupt slowdown at the end of 2013 and early
this year, as an unusually cold winter took its toll.
Still, growth in the first quarter is expected to be quite a
bit weaker than it was in the final three months of last year as
businesses work through a pile of unsold goods. Last month, the
government estimated the economy expanded at a 2.4 percent
annual rate in the fourth quarter, but that figure is expected
to be revised to about 3 percent next week.
But with job growth accelerating and manufacturing output
rebounding, economists expect the Fed to announce another $10
billion reduction to its monthly bond purchases when
policymakers conclude a two-day meeting on Wednesday.
"The gains should be enough to reassure policymakers at the
Fed that the economy continues to make forward progress," said
John Ryding, chief economist at RDQ Economics in New York.
HOUSING SEEN LAGGING
Stocks on Wall Street rallied on the data and easing
concerns over the situation in Crimea. The U.S. dollar fell
marginally against a basket of currencies and prices for U.S.
Treasury debt slipped.
A third report showed sentiment among homebuilders edged up
in March. Builders were, however, pessimistic about sales over
the next six months. They also worried about shortages of lots
and skilled labor, and rising prices for materials.
"This corroborates reports of a decline in orders from some
of the big homebuilders recently, although land shortages may be
playing a part," said Jennifer Lee, a senior economist at BMO
Capital Markets in Toronto. "This suggests some caution on the
new home sales and housing starts front."
Housing activity has slowed considerably since last summer,
when mortgage rates spiked. Though borrowing costs have eased a
bit, high home prices because of tight inventories are making
houses less affordable, especially for first-time buyers.
Motor vehicle output rebounded 4.8 percent last month after
tumbling 5.2 percent in January, the Fed said in its report.
There were also notable gains in the production of machinery and
fabricated metal products.
Mining output rose 0.3 percent last month, but utilities
production fell 0.2 percent.
The rise in manufacturing and mining output helped to lift
overall industrial production 0.6 percent in February. It had
slumped 0.2 percent in January.
The amount of industrial capacity in use increased to 78.8
percent in February from 78.5 percent. Still, it remained 1.3
percentage points below its long-run average.
Officials at the Fed tend to look at capacity use as a
signal of how much "slack" remains in the economy, and how much
room there is for growth to run before it becomes inflationary.