By Ros Krasny
WASHINGTON May 22 The House of Representatives
approved a bill as expected on Wednesday declaring that a
presidential permit was not needed to approve the
Canada-to-Nebraska leg of the Keystone XL oil pipeline, a move
that would take a decision on the project away from the Obama
The Republican-controlled House voted 241-175 with support
from some Democrats.
The bill faces an uphill battle because it would have to
pass the Senate with enough votes to overcome a promised veto
from President Barack Obama.
"We've waited 1,700 days for this project," Fred Upton,
Republican of Michigan, said as the floor debate wound down,
adding that moving oil by pipeline was "safer and more
economical" than other methods.
A series of amendments, some dealing with pipeline safety
and the cost of cleaning up potential pipeline spills, were
defeated along party lines.
The White House's Office of Management and Budget said in a
memo on Tuesday that the House bill "conflicts with
long-standing Executive branch procedures" and that Obama's
advisers would recommend a veto.
TransCanada Corp's pipeline would link Alberta's
oil sands production with refineries and ports along the U.S.
Gulf Coast. The pipeline would transport about 830,000 barrels
per day and cost some $5.3 billion to construct.
The Alberta-to-Nebraska leg needs presidential approval
because it crosses a national border. It has been pending with
the administration since 2008 and is now undergoing a second
round of review by the State Department.
The House legislation states that the environmental impact
studies already completed would be sufficient to approve the
project without the need for additional review, and also calls
for legal challenges to the pipeline to be filed within 60 days.
"What this boils down to is breaking through bureaucratic
hurdles and making this project a priority," said Jeff Denham, a
The pipeline's southern leg, for Texas to Oklahoma, is more
than halfway built.
The project has been hailed by the energy industry as part
of the U.S. push toward energy independence. It is also
supported by many unions because it would provide thousands of
Environmentalists have vociferously opposed the pipeline,
saying it would raise greenhouse gas levels and lock the United
States into long-term dependence on fossil fuels.
The Center for American Progress said the House bill "would
short-circuit the evaluation of the health and environmental
threats posed by approval of the Keystone XL pipeline."
Oil industry lobbyists at the American Petroleum Institute
praised Wednesday's vote.
"This pipeline is clearly in the national interest and most
Americans agree," Jack Gerard, API's president, said in a
statement. "After four comprehensive federal reviews and a
Nebraska review, the analysis is unwavering: Keystone XL is