* White House faced pressure to replace current FHFA chief
* Republicans likely to oppose Watt's nomination
* Watt sought improved loan access for minority, low-income
By Margaret Chadbourn
WASHINGTON, May 1 U.S. President Barack Obama on
Wednesday nominated a veteran Democratic congressman to oversee
mortgage financiers Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
, a choice that could set up a contentious political
debate over housing policy.
Representative Mel Watt, a longtime consumer advocate who
serves on the House Financial Services Committee, understands
the roots of the housing crisis, Obama said at the White House.
"He knows what it's going to take to help responsible
homeowners fully recover and he's committed to helping folks ...
who work really hard, play by the rules, day in and day out, to
provide for their families," he said.
The 67-year-old North Carolina lawmaker is expected to face
a tough confirmation battle in the Senate, where Democrats are
likely to need some Republican support to get Watt approved.
If confirmed, Watt would replace Edward DeMarco, a career
civil servant who has led the Federal Housing Finance Agency in
an acting capacity since 2009.
Consumer and housing advocacy groups, along with some
Democratic lawmakers, had piled pressure on Obama in recent
months to replace DeMarco. The regulator blocked a White House
proposal to let government-controlled Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
slash mortgage debt for borrowers who owe more on their
taxpayer-backed loans than their homes are worth.
DeMarco has argued that there are other ways to help
distressed homeowners that pose less risk to taxpayers, and
Republicans see him as a trusty steward for the public.
The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office said in an
analysis on Wednesday that the government could actually save
money and reduce foreclosures if Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac
participated in a principal forgiveness program. The study, was
requested by a group of House Democrats, including Watt.
"We need someone that will stand up for borrowers," said
Tracy Van Slyke, co-director of The New Bottom Line, which is
leading a grassroots campaign called "Dump DeMarco." "This is an
important victory. It's a good day for millions of homeowners."
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, which currently back about half
of existing U.S. home loans, were seized by the government in
2008 as mortgage losses mounted. They have received $187.5
billion in taxpayer funds to stay afloat, while paying about $58
billion to the Treasury in dividends.
Republicans pin Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac's 2008 failure on
government efforts to extend credit to unworthy borrowers.
"I could not be more disappointed in this nomination. This
gives new meaning to the adage that the fox is guarding the hen
house," said Senator Bob Corker, a Tennessee Republican who sits
on the banking committee that will consider whether to send
Watt's nomination to the full Senate for approval.
"The debate around his nomination will illuminate for all
Americans why Fannie and Freddie failed so miserably."
During his two decades in the House of Representatives, Watt
has fought against predatory lending and pushed for increased
loan access for minority and low-income borrowers.
"This move will help the administration build support on the
left, which is necessary for the impending budget battles, and
it puts Republicans on the other side of a credible nominee,"
said Isaac Boltansky, a policy analyst with Compass Point
Research and Trading.
Obama had nominated North Carolina banking commissioner
Joseph Smith for the position in 2011, but he was blocked by
Republicans and eventually withdrew his name from consideration.
Before settling on Watt, a former chairman of the
Congressional Black Caucus, Obama had considered economist Mark
Zandi, a registered Democrat who was an adviser to Republican
Senator John McCain's 2008 presidential campaign. When Zandi's
name surfaced, some conservatives made clear his ties to McCain
were not enough to appease them.
In addition to weighing in on the question of loan
forgiveness, the next FHFA director would be expected to guide
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac through an overhaul to reduce their
dominant role in the housing finance system.
"Congressman Watt has a reputation for integrity, knowledge,
and fairness. He certainly can't be said to be a shill for the
far left," said Julia Gordon, director of housing finance and
policy at the Center for American Progress, a group aligned with
Democrats. "It is going to be hard to find a principled basis to
oppose his nomination."
Democratic Senate Banking Committee Chairman Tim Johnson
called Watt a "superb pick" and said he wanted to move the
The response from Republicans, however, signaled a
potentially long slog ahead.
"I am very concerned about this nomination," said Senator
Mike Crapo, the top Republican on the banking panel. "By making
a political appointment, the president is ignoring the
importance that the head of the FHFA must be independent."