By Scott DiSavino
Feb 13 An explosion on a major natural gas
pipeline in southern Kentucky led to a forced evacuation of
residents and injured at least one person early on Thursday.
The explosion and fire in Knifley, Kentucky, about 90 miles
(145 km) south of Louisville, could be seen "just as plain as
day" from Columbia, about 12 miles from the blaze, a local
police officer said.
Part of the Columbia Gulf Transmission pipeline, that
transports fuel from the Gulf Coast to the northeast and
midwest, was shut and had been isolated from other sections of
the line, said the pipeline owner NiSource Inc in a
posting to customers. As yet the cause of the blast was unclear.
"At this time there is no impact to commercial operations or
shipper nominations," NiSource said
However, traders said the incident could add strain to a
system already stretched by high demand during one of the
coldest winters in decades. Pipelines across the country are
already filled to capacity and inventories are draining quicker
Columbia Gulf Transmission consists of approximately 3,400
miles of pipeline, located primarily in Louisiana, Mississippi,
Tennessee and Kentucky.
The Columbia system is interconnected to virtually every
major pipeline system operating in the Gulf Coast and
interconnects with pipelines serving markets in the Midwest,
Southeast and Northeast.
"Columbia Gulf operating teams detected a drop in pressure
on the company's Line 200 pipeline in Adair County. Our
operating crews immediately responded to the alert and
determined that there was a rupture in the pipeline," the
company said in a statement.
Police were notified of an explosion at about 1 a.m. local
time (0700 GMT) on Thursday, said Adair County Emergency
Management Director Greg Thomas.
The explosion spawned multiple woodland and structural
fires, Thomas said. Three homes were set ablaze, two of them
were fully destroyed, as well as two barns and four cars.
The one injured person was sent to an area hospital but the
extent of injuries was not known, Thomas said. The fires had
largely been contained and were being allowed to burn out.
BAD DAY TO LOSE A PIPELINE
Natural gas traders and analysts said this was a tough day
to lose a big pipeline as the gas pipelines in the Northeast are
already operating near capacity due to the winter storm
battering the East Coast with heavy snow.
The 30-inch pipeline supplies some of the fuel used to heat
millions of homes and businesses in the Northeast and Midwest.
"The blast intersects badly with snowstorm-induced demand in
the Northeast, likely to send electric power costs spiking and
natural gas spot prices to industrial and commercial users
sharply higher over the next few days at the minimum," said
Richard Hastings, macro strategist at Global Hunter Securities.
On the New York Mercantile Exchange, natural gas futures for
March were trading up more than 5 percent to $5.07 per million
British thermal units at 11:30 a.m. EST.
LCI Energy Insight, a gas analysis firm, said its database
indicates the explosion likely occurred near where Columbia Gulf
delivers into Texas Eastern at a rarely used or winter only
service interconnect in Adair County. Texas Eastern is owned by
a unit of Spectra Energy.
The point has capacity of just over 200 million cubic feet
per day and it had been flowing 105 mmcf on Wednesday but has
since been reduced to only 60 mmcf for Thursday, LCI said,
noting the volume Wednesday was the largest amount through this
meter since last March.
Columbia Gulf is part of NiSource's Columbia Pipeline Group,
which owns and operates more than 15,700 miles of natural gas
pipelines serving customers in more than 16 states and one of
the largest underground storage systems in North America.
Approximately 1.3 trillion cubic feet of natural gas flows
the Columbia Pipeline systems each year, according to the