| WASHINGTON, March 25
WASHINGTON, March 25 The U.S. Missile Defense
Agency on Tuesday said it was optimistic it had found the cause
of a failed missile defense test in July 2013 and aimed to carry
out a fix for the entire fleet of ground-based interceptors by
the end of the year.
Missile Defense Agency Director Vice Admiral James Syring
told U.S. lawmakers that officials had accounted for the problem
while preparing for the next intercept test in June of the U.S.
system that is aimed at defending the United States against a
potential ballistic missile attack by North Korea or Iran.
Syring cited rapid increases in missile development by a
number of countries and said his highest near-term priority was
to conduct another intercept test in June of the ground-based
missile defense system managed by Boeing Co. The system
includes a "kill vehicle" or warhead built by Raytheon Co
and a rocket built by Orbital Sciences Corp.
The Pentagon is also pressing ahead to redesign the Raytheon
kill vehicle, which is meant to hit and destroy an enemy missile
on contact, start work on a new long-range radar, and improve
the reliability of the overall system, Syring told the strategic
forces subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee.
The test planned for June involves an updated version of the
Raytheon warhead that is installed on 10 of 30 interceptors in
silos in California and Alaska. Additional tests were planned in
fiscal 2015 through fiscal 2017, he said.
Syring told the subcommittee that the Pentagon's plans to
increase the number of fielded interceptors by 14 to 44 by
fiscal 2017 depended on the success of the planned test in June.
He said the ground-based missile defense system was "on
solid footing" despite a slight decline in overall fiscal 2015
funding levels. He said he planned to look at increased funding
for other aspects of the system in fiscal 2016, on top of plans
already announced to spend $1.9 billion over the next five years
on the new radar, kill vehicle and software improvements.
The failed intercept last July involved the earlier version
of the Raytheon kill vehicle, which failed to separate from the
third stage of the booster rocket.
Eventually both versions will be replaced by the new kill
vehicle that the agency plans to start funding in fiscal 2015,
Army Lieutenant General David Mann, who heads the Army's
Space and Missile Defense Command and U.S. Strategic Command's
integrated missile defense command, said he was confident in the
current system's ability to protect the United States from enemy
attacks, given the current rules of engagement.
But he said it was important to continue to upgrade the
system and improve its reliability given increasing threats.
Mann told lawmakers it was more important to invest in
increasing the reliability of the current ground-based
interceptors than accelerating work on a possible East Coast
missile defense site. "That's where I would put the next
dollar," he said.
Current rules call for troops to fire multiple interceptors
at each incoming enemy missile, but details of that so-called
"shot doctrine" are classified. Better system reliability would
allow a reduction in the number of missiles fired, giving the
military capacity to respond to a larger number of threats.
Republican members of the subcommittee criticized the Obama
administration's moves to cut funding for missile defense in
recent years, but Syring said a pause in testing was due to
technical problems, not a lack of funding.
He said the agency was also working on several new laser
technologies but declined to give any details in the public
(Reporting by Andrea Shalal)