* Costco same-store sales up 6 percent; Gap up 3 percent
* Improving job and real estate markets encourage shoppers
* Gap shares rise 3.5 percent; S&P Retail down 0.3 percent
* Thomson Reuters sales index up 3.9 percent, beating
By Phil Wahba
March 7 Gap Inc and Costco Wholesale
Corp were among several U.S. chains on Thursday to
report stronger-than-expected sales for February, when consumer
confidence about an improving job market offset the impact of
After a difficult January, when shoppers first felt the
effect of a payroll tax hike that lowered take-home pay by 2
percent, some retailers got a little relief last month,
underlined by a rise in consumer confidence.
The Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan consumer
sentiment index rose to 77.6 in February from 73.8 in January.
"By and large, the middle class is just shaking off the
intractability in Washington and feeling better about shopping,"
said Joel Bines, managing director of consulting firm
AlixPartners' retail practice.
Rising real estate values and the stock market have
bolstered shoppers' willingness to spend, he added.
Thirteen U.S. retailers reported February sales results this
week. Excluding drugstore chains Walgreen Co and Rite
Aid Corp, which derive the bulk of their revenues from
prescription drugs, sales at stores open at least a year were up
3.9 percent, beating Wall Street forecasts for a 3.3 percent
At the same time, several major retailers, including Target
Corp, Macy's Inc, Nordstrom Inc and Kohl's
Corp, stopped reporting monthly sales this month, and
TJX Cos Inc said it would discontinue the practice after
the release of its April results.
With a smaller number of chains reporting, the figures have
become a less significant gauge of economic health.
The shrinking sample also means results will be more
volatile and harder to forecast, said Michael Niemira, chief
economist of the International Council of Shopping Centers. The
group forecast same-store sales for the retailers in its index
would rise 3 percent to 4 percent in March, helped by an earlier
FOOD, GAS AND LINGERIE
Warehouse club chain Costco reported a 6 percent increase in
sales at stores open at least a year, helped by higher gasoline
prices as well as strong sales of fresh food and consumer
electronics. Wall Street analysts were expecting a 5.1 percent
gain, according to Thomson Reuters.
With a 3 percent rise, Gap continued its streak of besting
market expectations, led by increases at its Banana Republic and
Old Navy chains. Its shares were up 3.5 percent, the only
notable uptick among the retailers reporting sales on Thursday.
The fashion retailer planned to release the numbers in the
afternoon, but a spokeswoman said a vendor had accidentally
released a recording discussing the results prematurely.
Henry Schwartz, president of options analytics firm Trade
Alert, said at least one trader apparently generated a
substantial profit with an unusually large options purchase
before Gap shares were halted.
Limited Brands' 3 percent rise in same-store sales
was also higher than expected. The Victoria's Secret lingerie
chain led the gains, suggesting shoppers were still willing to
spend on some nonessential items.
TJX, whose Marshalls and T.J. Maxx stores have drawn
shoppers looking for designer brands at big discounts, reported
a stronger-than-expected 1 percent gain.
Sales would have been higher if not for snowstorms early in
the February, the company said.
"Business trends picked up at the very end of the month,"
TJX Chief Executive Officer Carol Meyrowitz said in a statement.
Ross Stores Inc, a TJX competitor, also said its
business improved as February moved on. Delays in tax refunds
hurt business earlier in the month, it said.
The Standard & Poor's 500 Retail Index was down 0.3
percent at midday, compared with a 0.2 percent rise at the
broader S&P 500.
Despite the uptick in spending, there was weakness last
month, particularly at chains that cater to teenage shoppers,
who have much less discretionary income.
The Buckle Inc and Zumiez Inc both reported
declines in comparable sales for February.
Abercrombie & Fitch and American Eagle Outfitters
no longer report monthly sales but have said business
will be slow this quarter, which began last month.
Arnold Aronson, a managing director for retail strategies
at consulting firm Kurt Salmon, said young shoppers depended on
a "trickle-down" from their parents, who remain cautious in
Hot Topic Inc, another teen retailer, said on
Thursday that it had accepted a $600 million takeover bid from
private equity firm Sycamore Partners. Sycamore is paying a 30
percent premium over the company's closing stock price on