| NEW YORK, April 5
NEW YORK, April 5 The stock market's robust
rally was slowing even before Friday's jobs report, but the red
flag sent up by the weak payrolls data makes the path to more
gains less secure.
It means the bulls will have to look to earnings for a way
to keep the rally going. The S&P 500 hit an all-time closing
high on Tuesday, but lately defensive stocks have been leading
the charge, and notable growth indexes are slipping.
This rotation has many thinking the long-awaited market
correction is nigh. A 3 percent decline in the Russell 2000
index this week seemed to be a confirmation of the trend.
"Momentum I think has been slowing a bit, and it would be
interesting to see if this is just a one-session sell-off,"
said Bruce Zaro, chief technical strategist at Delta Global
Asset Management in Boston, about Friday's decline.
In the first quarter, the benchmark's healthcare index
added 15.2 percent and utilities gained 11.8
percent, besting the broad S&P 500's 10 percent gain.
The transition into defensive stocks may respond to
investors' taking into account the effect of higher payroll
taxes this year and the $85 billion in government spending cuts
that started to trickle at the beginning of the year.
The shift is "a rotation into sectors less affected by a
short-term slowdown in the consumer," said Eric Kuby, chief
investment officer at North Star Investment Management Corp in
EARNINGS HOLD THE KEY
Earnings season starts in earnest next week, with the
highlight coming from JPMorgan Chase & Co and Wells
Fargo & Co on Friday. Details on Wells Fargo's earnings
will be dissected for clues on the health of the housing market.
Overall, S&P 500 earnings are expected to have risen 1.5
percent last quarter, down from a 4.3 percent gain expected at
the start of the year, according to Thomson Reuters data.
Investors "are really waiting for the earnings season on
balance to disappoint," said Zaro.
Companies have caught up on the lowered expectations, and
negative outlooks have been predominant ahead of earnings
season. In fact, the negative-to-positive guidance ratio from
S&P 500 companies is at its highest since the third quarter of
2001, according to Thomson Reuters data.
At 4.7, the ratio is the sixth-highest among 69 readings
dating to 1996.
"Companies understand that since the economy is weak there's
no reason to be a hero and give guidance you can't beat," said
Nicholas Colas, chief market strategist at the ConvergEx Group
in New York.
F5 Networks was the latest and one of the most
dramatic examples of lowered earnings expectations. The network
equipment maker partly blamed lower government sales for its
profit warning late on Thursday, which erased almost a fifth of
its market value on Friday.
In past quarters, revenue beats have taken the focus off the
bottom line as investors were expecting the stronger economy to
translate into more sales, but that may not be the case this
"At this point earnings are going to be perhaps more
important than revenues only because we know Q1 was only a so-so
quarter for the economy," said Colas.
"It's not going to be a surprise if revenues are a little
bit light. Where we really have to make sure the numbers work is
at the earnings level."
BUSY WEEK FOR THE FED
The Federal Reserve could be next week's wild card.
Indications of renewed support for lose monetary policy - or the
slightest hint in the direction of tightening - have triggered
wild moves in the market.
The minutes of the March FOMC meeting are due on Wednesday
and market participants will look for insight into the debate
regarding the amount and duration of bond purchases the U.S.
central bank is executing monthly.
The hawkish argument - a reduction of stimulus - was dented
by Friday's job report, so any mention of it in the minutes may
not trigger panic. But more than a dozen speeches by various Fed
officers next week could stir things up.
The economic reports calendar is light except for consumer
data. Retailers are expected to post a 1.9 percent rise in sales
for last month, compared with a gain of 2.9 percent in March
last year when same-store sales figures are published Thursday.
The Commerce Department posts its own retail sales figures
on Friday, followed by the Thomson Reuters/University of
Michigan survey of consumers.