* Moisture easing stress from 50 year drought
* More rain and/or snow needed to end drought
* Big snow and rains seen for Plains and west Midwest
By Sam Nelson
CHICAGO, Feb 20 Crop-friendly rain and snow is
blanketing much of the drought-stricken U.S. Plains hard red
winter wheat region and the dry western Midwest, an agricultural
meteorologist said on Wednesday.
"Widespread coverage of the Plains and western Midwest will
occur in the next two days, including 10 to 18 inches of snow in
much of southern Nebraska, Kansas and northern Missouri," said
Commodity Weather Group meteorologist Joel Widenor.
Widenor said a second storm would arrive Sunday and Monday
and focus just a bit further north but would bring more
"This will put a decent dent in long-term moisture deficits
for drought areas," Widenor said. While cold air damage threats
are low, the cold and snowy pattern will put stress on early
calving in Nebraska and Kansas over the next 10 days, he said.
The chief bread grain hard red winter wheat crop grown in
the U.S. Plains soon will break from its winter slumber and
enter its rapid growth stage of development. At the same time,
farmers are itching to get into corn fields to plant what could
be a record crop, assuming big spring rains bring soil moisture
reserves back up to normal.
Harsh drought conditions persisted in U.S. farm states over
the winter but some improvement was beginning to surface thanks
to recent rain and snow, climate experts said late last week.
The key farming states in the High Plains region remain
drought-stricken, according to the weekly Drought Monitor report
issued by a consortium of state and federal climatologists,
although improvement was noted with severe or worse levels of
drought at 82.51 percent of the region, down from 87.25 percent
a week earlier.
A new weekly drought monitor report is expected to be
released on Thursday.
Don Keeney, meteorologist for MDA EarthSat Weather, said
that as of early February, roughly 4 inches to 6 inches of rain
is needed in Kansas, the top producer of hard red winter wheat,
to bring the state out of drought status. And up to 8 inches is
needed in a pocket of severe dryness in northeastern Kansas, a
big corn and grain sorghum growing area.
Similar amounts are needed in Nebraska, Texas, Oklahoma,
Iowa and Missouri and the northern reaches of Illinois and
Significant winter rainfall and snow has eliminated the
drought for now in an area roughly from Illinois eastward,
according to Keeney.
The Senate Agriculture Committee was told on Thursday that
56 percent of the contiguous United States was under moderate to
exceptional drought, twice the usual amount.
(Reporting By Sam Nelson; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama)