SAN FRANCISCO, March 14 Twitter-like messaging
service Weibo Corp filed on Friday to raise $500 million via a
U.S. initial public offering, as Chinese companies flock to the
American market in record numbers to take advantage of soaring
Weibo, owned by Sina Corp, becomes the latest
Chinese Internet giant to tap U.S. markets, following on the
heels of search service Baidu and its own corporate parent.
Alibaba, which owns a stake in Weibo, is expected to raise about
$15 billion in New York this year, in the highest-profile
Internet IPO since Facebook's in 2012.
But underscoring challenges facing Internet firms operating
in a heavily censored and tightly controlled media environment,
Weibo warned investors in its Friday IPO filing about
uncertainty arising from Chinese government regulation.
It highlighted in particular a regulation that came into
effect in September, under which Internet users who knowingly
make or share information considered defamatory or false could
face up to three years' jail time in China.
"The implementation of this newly promulgated judicial
interpretation may have a significant and adverse effect on the
traffic of our platform and discourage the creation of user
generated content," the company said in its filing.
Beijing expressly bans a range of material in media deemed
sensitive, from open political opposition to criticism of
important officials. Responsibility for policing such content
often falls on companies such as Weibo, which could face fines
or even revocation of their licenses.
The government "may require us to limit or eliminate the
dissemination of such information on our platform. Failure to do
so may subject us to liabilities and penalties and may even
result in the temporary blockage or complete shutdown of our
online operations," it said.
For instance, in March 2012, it shut off the "comments"
feature for three days to "to clean up feeds related to certain
rumors," it said in its prospectus.
Weibo also warned about potential government intervention in
its encryption tools and software - used to prevent spying while
safeguarding the privacy of users and their posts.
It said Beijing requires all "cipher code" products to be
registered with the government, though it was unclear whether
this applied to social media encryption.
"Because these regulations do not specify what constitutes a
cipher code product, we are unsure as to whether or how they
apply to us and the encryption software we utilize," the company
said in its prospectus.
COME ONE, COME ALL
Still, U.S. investors have long shown an appetite for
Chinese companies' stock, hoping to share in some of the spoils
of the world's fastest-growing major economy.
U.S. markets may see more IPOs from Chinese corporations in
2014 than in any year since 2010. That's despite long-simmering
concerns among investors about Chinese accounting standards, the
result of several high-profile auditing scandals in past years.
Weibo, one of several Chinese Twitter-like services,
increased ad revenue by 163 percent to $56 million in the final
three months of 2013. Overall revenues leapt almost three-fold
to $188.3 million in 2013, from $65.9 million in 2012. And its
net loss shrank to $38.1 million in 2013 from $102.5 million the
But its user growth is at risk of tailing off after three
years of explosive expansion, as newer messaging apps such as
Tencent Holdings Ltd's WeChat draw users away.
Chinese mobile messaging apps like Tencent's WeChat have
become venues of choice for users who want to express views with
less fear of government retribution.
In January, an official government-backed Internet
organization reported that user numbers for Chinese microblogs,
including Sina Weibo, had fallen 9 percent in 2013.
However, Weibo said the number of its daily users had risen
36 percent to 61.4 million as of the end of December, from the
same time a year before.
Weibo hired Goldman Sachs and Credit Suisse to manage its
U.S. debut, which it said would boost brand recognition and help
Its proposed $500 million target is an estimate worked out
solely for the purposes of calculating registration fees.