By Anna Yukhananov
WASHINGTON Oct 1 World Bank President Jim Yong
Kim laid out a new strategy for the global development lender on
Tuesday that includes a sharp increase in funds to help poor
people in nations scarred by conflict and a pledge to partner
with the private sector.
He also warned that a partial government shutdown in a
politically divided Washington could have far-reaching
consequences for the poor given the troubling signal it sends
about the world's largest economy.
U.S. fiscal uncertainty "combined with other sources of
volatility in the global economy could do great damage to
emerging markets and developing countries in Africa, Asia, and
Latin America that have lifted millions of people out of poverty
in recent years," he said.
Kim has sought to energize the bank around a
poverty-eradication goal since he assumed his post last year and
has launched a major reorganization to make the institution more
nimble and useful, especially to middle-income countries.
Inequality and limited opportunities for the poorest people
in each country can drive instability and breed conflict, Kim
said, pointing to developments in the Middle East, where a wave
of protests drove decades-old rulers from power.
"This is what happens when prosperity is reserved for a
select few," he said. "All of those left out feel deeply the
burn of inequity."
In April, Kim committed the bank to twin goals of
eliminating extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting the incomes of
the poorest 40 percent of the population in each country.
To meet its goals amid greater competition for development
funds and a tight budget, the World Bank must focus on "bold"
projects and technical solutions to countries, Kim added.
That will involve working with the bank's private sector
arm, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), to encourage
businesses to create jobs in poorer countries.
"Embracing the private sector and their role in development
is not about whether you like the private sector or you have
warm feelings about (it)," he said, adding that it would be
impossible to eliminate poverty and meet the infrastructure
needs of poor countries with public money alone.
Aid from the official sector totals about $125 billion a
year, but India alone is likely to need $1 trillion for
infrastructure in the next few years.
Meeting its goals will also require the World Bank to focus
on so-called fragile states, those either in conflict or
vulnerable to it, which will house most of the world's poor
people in the next five years. Kim said the bank's fund for the
poorest will plan to increase its funding to fragile states by
50 percent over the next three years, as would the IFC.
According to a draft strategy paper presented to the bank's
board last month, and seen by Reuters, the new focus will
require cutbacks in other programs as the bank seeks to become
more selective in its lending.
Kim made no mention of cuts in his speech ahead of the
International Monetary Fund-World Bank annual meetings next
week. In comments to reporters afterwards, Kim said the bank's
comparative advantage lies in large-scale, "transformational"
projects that can impact many people and address big problems,
rather than focusing on small pilot projects.
He pointed to the example of $340 million the bank approved
in August to finance a hydropower plant in central Africa's
Great Lakes region to bring electricity to the power grids of
But the bank's increased support for such projects could put
it in conflict with some aid groups, who contend big projects
are more likely to disrupt the environment and displace people.
Kim also challenged people to build a social movement around
the issue of fighting poverty, urging the use of social media
He also reiterated the bank's commitment to addressing
climate change, saying it is impossible to tackle poverty
without dealing with the effects of a warmer world.
The World Bank wants to fund 10,000 megawatts of energy in
three years, equivalent to the entire capacity of Peru, and also
help 12 countries reform their energy subsidies, he said.