* FDI into Zimbabwe drops 59 pct in first six months
* Shunned by the West, Mugabe seeks Chinese investment
* As bank defaults rise, lenders tighten credit
By MacDonald Dzirutwe
HARARE, Aug 25 Foreign investment into Zimbabwe
plunged 59 percent to $67 million in the first half of this
year, the central bank said on Monday, reflecting worries over
President Robert Mugabe's policies and the risk of investing in
Mugabe, at 90 Africa's oldest leader and one of its
longest-serving, is visiting China this week. Officials say he
will seek funds to rebuild decaying roads, rail and power
facilities and to help mechanise Zimbabwe's agriculture.
Official data show China has extended $1 billion in loans to
Zimbabwe since 2009 and trade between the two nations rose to $1
billion last year from $300 million five years ago.
Mugabe has increasingly leaned on China after being shunned
by Western trade and financial partners. They have been put off
by concern over human rights and alleged fraud in elections won
by the president and his ZANU-PF party.
Announcing the drop in foreign direct investment, Reserve
Bank of Zimbabwe governor John Mangudya said exports, mostly
minerals and tobacco, were also down 13 percent in the first
half of the year, to $1.3 billion, compared with the first six
months of 2013.
"There is therefore need for the country to create an
investor-friendly environment so as to tap into these external
capital resources to boost employment, production and exports,"
Mangudya said in a half-year monetary policy statement.
Zimbabwe's economy is experiencing a serious dollar crunch
and electricity shortages. Several companies have failed to pay
salaries or have closed altogether, in a country where only
500,000 out of a total 13 million people hold formal jobs.
The economy did return to growth in 2009, after nearly a
decade of recession, when Mugabe was forced to share power with
his opposition rivals. But his landslide victory last year has
coincided with a rapid slowdown.
The government has cut its growth target for this year to
3.1 percent from 6.1 percent previously.
Mangudya said the tough economic conditions had strained the
capacity of companies and individuals to repay loans. The
percentage of non-performing loans out of total loans had risen
to 18.5 percent from 17 percent at the start of the year. Banks
in turn have tightened their lending to customers.
"Reduced credit is leading to a decline in economic growth,
private consumption, job losses and decrease in government
revenue," Mangudya said.
Mangudya said liquidity problems among banks meant foreign
banks like units of Barclays Bank plc and Standard
Chartered and larger local lenders would have to raise
their minimum capital to $100 million by 2020 from the current
$25 million. Smaller banks would be required to maintain minimum
capital of $25 million.
Mangudya said in order to ease the dollar crunch in the
economy, banks would now be required to keep only five percent
of their foreign currency offshore, down from 30 percent.
(Reporting by MacDonald Dzirutwe; Editing by Pascal Fletcher,