Edition:
United States

Total SA (TOTF.PA)

TOTF.PA on Paris Stock Exchange

45.92EUR
11:35am EST
Change (% chg)

€0.17 (+0.36%)
Prev Close
€45.75
Open
€45.70
Day's High
€46.26
Day's Low
€45.46
Volume
7,183,138
Avg. Vol
5,346,033
52-wk High
€46.26
52-wk Low
€35.21

Summary

Name Age Since Current Position

Patrick Pouyanne

53 2015 Chairman of the Board, President of the Executive Committee, Chief Executive Officer

Patrick de la Chevardiere

59 2008 Chief Financial Officer, Member of the Executive Committee

Namita Shah

2016 Executive Vice President, People & Social Responsibility; Member of the Executive Committee

Philippe Sauquet

59 2016 President, Gas, Renewables & Power; Executive Vice President, Strategy & Innovation; Member of the Executive Committee

Helle Kristoffersen

52 2012 Member of the Management Committee - Corporate, Senior Vice President, Strategy & Business Intelligence

Momar Nguer

2016 President, Marketing & Services; Member of the Executive Committee

Jacques-Emmanuel Saulnier

2011 Member of the Management Committee - Corporate

Maarten Scholten

62 Member of the Management Committee - Corporate

Bernadette Spinoy

2012 Member of the Management Committee - Corporate

Francois Viaud

2008 Member of the Management Committee - Corporate

Arnaud Breuillac

2014 Member of the Executive Committee and President of Exploration & Production

Bernard Pinatel

54 2016 President, Refining & Chemicals; Member of the Executive Committee

Anne-Marie Idrac

65 2012 Director

Patrick Artus

65 2009 Independent Director

Patricia Barbizet

61 2008 Independent Director

Gunnar Brock

66 2010 Independent Director

Marie-Christine Coisne-Roquette

59 2011 Independent Director

Bertrand Collomb

74 2000 Independent Director

Paul Desmarais

62 2002 Independent Director

Barbara Kux

62 2011 Independent Director

Gerard Lamarche

55 2012 Independent Director

Anne Lauvergeon

57 2000 Independent Director

Michel Pebereau

74 2000 Independent Director

Biographies

Name Description

Patrick Pouyanne

Mr. Patrick Pouyanne has been Chairman of the Board of Directors of Total SA since December 19, 2015 and he has also served as Chief Executive Officer and President of the Executive Committee of the Company since October 22, 2014. He has been Director of the Company since May 29, 2015. He has also been Member of the Group Performance Management Committee (Management Committee) since May 2006 and previously served from March 2011 as Vice President, Chemicals and Petrochemicals within the Chemicals operating division until January 1, 2012. A graduate of Ecole Polytechnique and a Chief Engineer of France’s Corps des Mines engineering school, Mr. Pouyanne held various administrative positions in the Ministry of Industry and other cabinet positions (technical advisor to the Prime Minister in the fields of the Environment and Industry – Edouard Balladur – from 1993 to 1995, Cabinet Director for the Minister for Information and Aerospace Technologies – Francois Fillon – from 1995 to 1996) between 1989 and 1996. In January 1997, he joined Total’s Exploration & Production division, first as Chief Administrative Officer in Angola, before becoming Group representative in Qatar and President of the Exploration and Production subsidiary in that country in 1999. In August 2002, he was appointed President, Finance, Economy and IT for Exploration & Production. In January 2006, he became President, Strategy, Growth and Research in Exploration & Production and was appointed a member of the Group’s Management Committee in May 2006. In March 2011, Mr. Pouyanne was appointed Vice President, Chemicals, and Vice President, Petrochemicals. In January 2012, he became President, Refining & Chemicals and a member of the Group’s Executive Committee.

Patrick de la Chevardiere

Mr. Patrick de la Chevardiere has served as Chief Financial Officer and Member of the Executive Committee of Total SA since June 1, 2008. He has also been Member of the Group Performance Management Committee (Management Committee) from January 2005. He is a graduate of Ecole Centrale Paris and Hautes Etudes Commerciales. He joined Total SA in 1982, working as a Drilling Engineer in Exploration & Production until 1989. He then joined the Finance Division as a Project Manager, before being appointed Vice President, Operations and Subsidiaries in 1995. In 2000, he was named Vice President, Asia for Refining and Marketing. He had been Deputy Chief Financial Officer since September 2003.

Namita Shah

Ms. Namita Shah has been Executive Vice President, People & Social Responsibility and Member of the Executive Committee at TOTAL SA since September 1, 2016. Namita Shah began her career as an Associate Attorney at Shearman & Sterling, a New York law firm, where she spent eight years providing advice and supervising transactions including those involving financing of pipeline and power plant companies. She joined Total SA in 2002 as a Legal Counsel in the E&P mergers and acquisitions team. In 2008 she joined the New Business team, where she was responsible for business development in Australia and Malaysia. She held this position until 2011, when she moved to Yangon as General Manager, Total E&P Myanmar. On July 1, 2014, she was appointed Senior Vice President, Corporate Affairs, Exploration & Production. Namita Shah is a graduate of Delhi University, New Delhi and has a postgraduate degree in Law from the New York University School of Law, USA.

Philippe Sauquet

Mr. Philippe Sauquet has been President, Gas, Renewables & Power, Executive Vice President, Strategy & Innovation and Member of the Executive Committee at TOTAL SA since September 1, 2016. He was previously Member of the Executive Committee and President, Refining and Chemicals as well as Interim President, New Energies at the Company from April 15, 2016 till September 1, 2016 and Member of the Executive Committee and President, Refining and Chemicals from October 29, 2014 till April 15, 2016. Philippe Sauquet began his career in 1981 as a civil engineer at the French Ministry of Infrastructure. He subsequently worked at the French Ministry of the Economy and Finance. He joined chemical company Orkem in 1988 as Vice President, Strategy before being appointed Senior Vice President, Acrylics Sales & Marketing. He moved to Total in 1990 as Vice President, Anti-Corrosion Paints and was subsequently named Vice President, Chemicals Strategy. In 1997, Mr. Sauquet transferred to the Gas & Power Division, where he was successively Vice President, Americas; Vice President, International; Senior Vice President, Strategy & Renewables; Senior Vice President, Trading & Marketing, Gas & Power, based in London. He was appointed President of Gas & Power on July 1, 2012, in which capacity he also sat on the Group Management Committee. Mr. Sauquet is a graduate of France's Ecole Polytechnique and Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussees engineering schools and of the University of California, Berkeley in the United States.

Helle Kristoffersen

Ms. Helle Kristoffersen serves as Senior Vice President - Strategy and Business Intelligence at Total SA since January 16, 2012 and is a Member of the Company's Management Committee as part of the Corporate operating division. She joined Total SA in January 2011 as Deputy Vice President, Strategy & Business Intelligence. She began her career in 1989 as a Mergers & Acquisitions Analyst at investment bank Lazard Freres. In 1991, she moved to Bollore, serving as a Special Advisor to the CFO. In 1994, she joined Alcatel, where she continued her career until 2010. Initially Vice President, Financial Operations at Alcatel Telecoms, she was appointed Vice President, Mergers & Acquisitions of Alcatel in 1995. Ms. Kristoffersen was named Secretary of Alcatel's Executive Committee in 1998. She was subsequently appointed Vice President, Marketing & Business Development, then Vice President, Corporate Strategy of Alcatel in 2000 and 2005 respectively. In 2009, she was named Senior Vice President, Vertical Markets at Alcatel-Lucent. Ms. Kristoffersen was elected to the Board of Directors of Valeo in 2007 and of France Telecom-Orange in 2011. A graduate of the Ecole Normale Superieure and the Paris Graduate School of Economics, Statistics and Finance (ENSAE),

Momar Nguer

Mr. Momar Saliou Nguer has been President, Marketing & Services and Member of the Executive Committee at TOTAL SA since April 15, 2016. He has been Member of the Group Performance Management Committee - Marketing and Services at the Company since January 16, 2012. Momar Nguer began his career in 1982 in Hewlett Packard France’s Finance Department. He joined Total in 1984, serving in various Downstream positions. He was named Vice President, Marketing at Total Senegal in 1985 and appointed Vice President, Retail Network & Consumers of Total in Africa in 1991. In 1995, Momar Nguer became Chief Executive Officer of the marketing affiliate Total Cameroun and was subsequently named Chief Executive Officer of the marketing affiliate Total Kenya in 1997. In 2000, he was appointed Executive Vice President, Total East Africa & Indian Ocean in Total’s Refining & Marketing business. From 2007 to 2011, he was Vice President, Aviation Fuel at Total Refining & Marketing. Momar Nguer has been Senior Vice President, Africa and The Middle East at Total Marketing & Services since December 2011. He was appointed to the Group Performance Management Committee on January 16, 2012 and Chairman of the Group Diversity Council on August 1, 2015. As of April 15, 2016, he is appointed President Marketing & Services and member of the Executive Committee of Total. Momar Nguer is a graduate of France’s ESSEC business school.

Jacques-Emmanuel Saulnier

Maarten Scholten

Bernadette Spinoy

Francois Viaud

Mr. Francois Viaud served as Member of the Management Committee of Total SA since March 1, 2008 till December 2015 and he worked within the Company's Corporate business segment. He is a graduate of Ecole Polytechnique and Ecole Nationale Superieure du Petrole et des Moteurs (IFP School) engineering schools. He began his career in 1978 as a Drilling Engineer at Elf Aquitaine, with stints in France, Oman, Norway and Guatemala. In 1983, he moved to the reservoir engineering team in France, before being appointed Reservoir Engineering Manager in Norway in 1988. Beginning in 1991, he held Operations Manager positions in Elf’s Exploration & Production subsidiaries in the United Kingdom, Angola and the Congo. In 1996, he was appointed Managing Director of Elf Nigeria, and in 2000, President and CEO of TotalFinaElf E&P, United States.

Arnaud Breuillac

Mr. Arnaud Breuillac has been appointed as Member of the Executive Committee and President of Exploration & Production at Total SA with effect from October 1, 2014. His appointment to President of Exploration & Production of the Company will be effective January 1, 2014. On January 1, 2011, he became Member of the Management Committee - Upstream of the Company. He joined Total SA in 1982. He has held various positions in Exploration & Production in France, Abu Dhabi, the United Kingdom, Indonesia and Angola and in Refining in France. Between 2004 and 2006, he served as Vice President, Iran, in the Middle East Division. In December 2006, he was appointed to Exploration & Production's Management Committee in his position as Senior Vice President, Continental Europe and Central Asia. On July 1, 2010, he was appointed Senior Vice President, Middle East in Exploration & Production. Mr. Breuillac graduated from Ecole Centrale de Lyon.

Bernard Pinatel

Mr. Bernard Pinatel has been President, Refining & Chemicals and Member of the Executive Committee at TOTAL SA since September 1, 2016. He was previously Member of the Management Committee - Chemicals at the Company from 2011 till January 16, 2012 and Member of the Management Committee - Refining & Chemicals from January 16, 2012 till 2014. He began his career at Booz Allen & Hamilton, later joining Total in 1991, where he held a number of operational positions in plants and at the headquarters of affiliates, including Hutchinson and Coates Lorilleux. He subsequently served as Chief Executive Officer France and Chief Executive Officer Europe for Bostik from 2000 to 2006, before serving as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Cray Valley from 2006 to 2009. He was appointed Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Bostik in 2010. In February 2015, when Bostik was acquired by Arkema, Mr. Pinatel became a member of that company's Executive Committee, in charge of the High Performance Materials business segment. Bernard Pinatel is a graduate of Ecole Polytechnique and Institut d'Etudes Politiques (IEP) in Paris, and holds an MBA from the European Institute of Business Administration (INSEAD). He is also a statistician-economist (Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Economique – ENSAE).

Anne-Marie Idrac

Ms. Anne-Marie Idrac serves as a Member of the Board of Directors atTotal SA. She graduated from Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris and from Ecole Nationale d'Administration. She began her career holding various positions as a senior civil servant at the Ministry of Infrastructure in the fields of environment, housing, urban planning and transportation. She served as Executive Director of the public institution in charge of development of Cergy-Pontoise from 1990 to 1993 and Director of Land Transportation from 1993 to 1995.

Patrick Artus

Mr. Patrick Artus serves as Independent Director at Total SA since May 15, 2009. A graduate from the Ecole Polytechnique, the Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Administration de l’Economie (ENSAE) and the Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Paris, Mr. Artus began his career at the INSEE (French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies) where his work included economic forecasting and modeling. He then worked at the Economics Department of the OECD (1980), later becoming the Head of Research at the ENSAE from 1982 to 1985. He was scientific adviser at the research department of the Banque de France, before joining the Natixis Group as the head of the research department. He is an Associate Professor at the University of Paris I, Sorbonne. He is also a member of the council of economic advisors to the French Prime Minister and of the Cercle des Economistes. He currently serves as Director of TOTAL S.A. and Director of IPSOS. He is Member of the Governance and Compensation Committees of the Company.

Patricia Barbizet

Ms. Patricia Barbizet serves as the Independent Director of Total SA since May 16, 2008. A graduate of the Ecole Superieure de Commerce of Paris in 1976, Ms. Barbizet started her career in the Renault Group as the Treasurer of Renault Vehicules Industriels and Chief Financial Officer of Renault Credit International. She joined the Pinault group in 1989 as the Chief Financial Officer. In 1992, she became the Chief Executive Officer of Financiere Pinault. She was the President of the Supervisory Board of the Pinault Printemps Redoute group until May 2005 and became Vice-President of the Board of Directors of PPR in May 2005. Ms. Barbizet is also a member of the Board of Directors of TOTAL, TF1, Air France-KLM and Fonds strategique d’investissement. She is the Company’s Chairperson of the Audit Committee and member of the Strategic Committee. She currently serves as Vice Chairman of the PPR Board, Chief Executive Officer and Director of Artémis, Member of the Supervisory Board of Financiere Pinault (CSA), Chief Executive Officer (non-Director) of Financiere Pinault, Director and Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Societe Nouvelle, du Theatre Marigny, Permanent representative of Artemis at the Board of Directors of Agefi, Permanent representative of Artemis at the Board of Directors of Sebdo le Point, Member of the Management Board of Château Latour (SCI), Member of the Supervisory Board of Yves Saint Laurent, Administratore Delagato and administratore of Palazzo Grazzi, Non-executive Director of Tawa Plc, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Christie’s International Plc, Board member of Gucci Group N.V., Director of Air France-KLM, Director of Bouygues, Director of TF1, and Director of the Fonds strategique d’investissement (French government sovereign fund). She previously served as Director of Fnac until May 2011, Director of Piaza until 2008, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Piaza until 2008, and Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Piaza until 2007.

Gunnar Brock

Mr. Gunnar Brock serves as the Independent Director of Total SA since May 21, 2010. Graduated from the Stockholm School of Economics with an MBA grade in Economics and Business Administration, Mr. Brock held various international positions at Tetra Pak. He served as Chief Executive Officer of Alfa Laval from 1992 to 1994 and as Chief Executive Officer of Tetra Pak from 1994 to 2000. After serving as Chief Executive Officer of Thule International, he was appointed Chief Executive Officer of Atlas Copco AB from 2002 to 2009. He is currently Chairman of the Board of Stora Enso Oy. Mr. Brock is also a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences and of the Board of Directors of the Stockholm School of Economics. He is Member of the Company’s Strategic Committee, Governance and Compensation Committees. He currently serves as Chairman of the Board of Stora Enso Oy, Chairman of the Board of Molnlycke Health Care Group, Member of the Board of Investor AB, Chairman of the Board of Rolling Optics, and Member of the Board of Stena AB. He previously served as Member of the Supervisory Board of Spencer Stuart Scandinavia until 2011, Chief Executive Officer of Atlas Copco until 2009, and Chairman of the Board of Lego AS until 2008.

Marie-Christine Coisne-Roquette

Ms. Marie-Christine Coisne-Roquette serves as Independent Director of Total SA since May 13, 2011. She has served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Sonepar since 2002. A member of the Executive Board of MEDEF since 2000, Ms. Coisne-Roquette has chaired that organization’s Tax Commission since 2005. Her current roles include Director of TOTAL S.A., Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer of Sonepar S.A., Director of Sonepar Canada, Inc., President of the Supervisory Board of Sonepar Deutschland GmbH, Director of de Sonepar Iberica, Director of de Sonepar Italia Holding, Chairperson of the Board of Directors of Sonepar Mexico, Permanent representative of Colam Entreprendre and Sonepar, co-administrators of Sonedis (societe civile), Permanent representative of Sonepar, Director of Sonepar France, Permanent representative of Sonepar, President of Sonepar International (S.A.S), Her previous roles include Director of Encon Safety Products, Inc. until 2010, Director of Guerin S.A. until 2007, Director of Hagemeyer North America, Inc. until 2010, Director of Hagemayer PPS Ltd until 2010, Chairperson of the Board of Directors of Hagemayer PPS, Chairperson of the Board of Directors of Sonepar Nordic A/S until 2009, Chairperson of the Board of Directors and CEO of Sonepar US Holdings, Inc. until 2009, and Director of Vallen Corporation until 2010. She is Member of the Audit and Compensation Committees of the Company.

Bertrand Collomb

Dr. Bertrand P. Collomb serves as the Independent Member of the Board of Total SA since 2000. A graduate of the Ecole Polytechnique and a member of France’s engineering Corps des Mines, Mr. Collomb held a number of positions within the Ministry of Industry and other cabinet positions from 1966 to 1975. He joined the Lafarge group in 1975, where he served in various management positions. He served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Lafarge from 1989 to 2003, then as Chairman of the Lafarge Board of Directors from 2003 to 2007, and has been the Honorary Chairman since 2007. He is also Chairman of the Institut des Hautes Etudes pour la Science et la Technologie (IHEST) and a Board member of the Institut Europeen de la Technologie. He is Member of the Company Governance Committee. He currently serves as Director of Lafarge, Director of DuPont (United States), and Director of Atco (Canada). He previously served as Chairman of the Institut Français des Relations Internationale (IFRI) until 2011, and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Lafarge until 2007. He also holds a Doctorate in Philosophy in Management from Ecole des Mines de Paris.

Paul Desmarais

Mr. Paul Desmarais serves as the Independent Director of Total SA since 2002. A graduate of McGill University in Montreal and INSEAD in Fontainebleau, Mr. Desmarais was elected Vice Chairman (1984) then Chairman of the Board (1990) of Corporation Financiere Power, a company he helped to found. Since 1996, he has served as Chairman of the Board and Co-Chief Executive Officer of Power Corporation of Canada. His current positions include Chairman of the Board, Co-Chief Executive Officer and Member of the Executive Committee of Power Corporation of Canada, Co-Chairman of the Board and member of the Executive Committee of Corporation Financiere Power (Canada), Vice Chairman and Acting Managing Director of Pargesa Holding S.A. (Switzerland), Director and member of the Executive Committee of Groupe d’assurance London Inc. (Canada), Director and member of the Executive Committee of London Life, compagnie d’assurance-vie (Canada), Director and member of the Executive Committee of Mackenzie Inc., and Director and Deputy Chairman of the Board of La Presse Ltee (Canada). His previous roles include Assistant Chairman of the Board of 3819787 Canada Inc. (Canada) until 2010, Member of the Board of Les Journaux Trans-Canada (1996) Inc. (Canada) until 2009, Director and Vice-Chairman of the Board of Directors of Imerys (France) until 2008, Director of GWL Properties until 2007, and Member of the International Consultative Committee of the La Poste group until 2007.

Barbara Kux

Ms. Barbara Kux serves as the Independent Director of Total SA since May 13, 2011. She holds a Master of Business Administration (with honors) from INSEAD in Fontainebleau, Ms. Kux joined McKinsey & Company in 1984 as a Management Consultant, where she was responsible for strategic assignments for international groups. After serving as manager for development of emerging markets at ABB and then at Nestlé between 1989 and 1999, she was appointed Executive Director of Ford in Europe from 1999 to 2003. In 2003, Ms. Kux became a member of the Management Committee of the Philips group and, starting in 2005, was in charge of sustainable development. Since 2008, she has been a member of the Management Board of Siemens AG. She is also responsible for sustainable development at the Group and is in charge of the Group’s supply chain. She is Member of the Company’s Strategic Committee. She currently serves as Member of the Management Board of Siemens AG. Previously, she served as Member of the Board of Directors of INSEAD until 2011, Member of the Board of Directors of ZF Friedrichshafen AG until 2011, Member of the Board of Directors of Firmenich S.A. until 2010, Member of the Board of Directors of COFRA Holding AG until 2008, and Member of Group Management Committee of Royal Philips Electronics N.V. until 2008. She is Member of the Governance and Ethics Committee of the Company.

Gerard Lamarche

Mr. Gerard Lamarche serves as the Independent Director of Total SA as of January 12, 2012. He is also a Member of the Company’s Audit Committee and Strategic Committee. Mr. Lamarche graduated in Economic Science from Louvain-La-Neuve University and the INSEAD business school (Advanced Management Program for Suez Group Executives). He also followed the Global Leadership Series course of training at the Wharton International Forum in 1998-1999. He started his career in 1983 with Deloitte Haskins & Sells in Belgium, before becoming a consultant in mergers and acquisitions in Holland in 1987. In 1988, he joined Societe Generale de Belgique as an investment manager and management controller between 1989 and 1991, then as a consultant in strategic operations from 1992 to 1995. He joined Compagnie Financiere de Suez as a project manager for the Chairman and Secretary of the Executive Committee (1995-1997), and then being appointed as the acting Managing Director in charge of Planning, Management Control and Accounts. In 2000, Mr. Lamarche pursued his career in industry by joining NALCO as the Director and Chief Executive Officer. In March 2004, he was appointed Chief Executive Officer in charge of Finance of the Suez group, before being appointed Senior Executive and Vice President in charge of Finance and member of the Management Committee and the Executive Committee of the GDF Suez group in July 2008. On April 12, 2011, he became a Director on the Board of Directors of Groupe Bruxelles Lambert (GBL). He has been the acting Managing Director since January 2012. He is Member of the Company’s Audit and the Strategic Committees. He currently serves as Acting Managing Director and Director of Groupe Bruxelles Lambert, Director of TOTAL S.A., and Director and member of the Audit Committee of Legrand. He previously served as Director of Electrabel until 2011, Director of GDF Suez E.S. until 2011, Chairman and Director of Genfina until 2008, Director of Suez Environnement until 2008, to mention but few.

Anne Lauvergeon

Ms. Anne Lauvergeon serves as the Independent Director of Total SA since 2000. Mining Engineer (Ecole Nationale Superieure) and a graduate of the Ecole Normale Superieure with a Doctorate in Philosphy in Physical Sciences, Ms. Lauvergeon held various positions in industry before becoming Deputy Chief of Staff in the Office of the President of the Republic in 1990. She joined Lazard Frères et Cie as Managing Partner in 1995. From 1997 to 1999, she was Executive Vice President and member of the Executive Committee of Alcatel, in charge of industrial partnerships and international affairs. Ms. Lauvergeon served as Chairman of the Management Board of Areva from July 2001 to June 2011 and Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Areva NC (formerly Cogema) from June 1999 to June 2011. She is Member of the Company Strategic Committee. She currently serves as Director of GDF Suez and Director of Vodafone Group Plc. Previously, she served as Chairperson of the Management Board of Areva until June 30, 2011, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Areva NC June 30, 2011, and Vice Chairperson and Member of the Supervisory Board of Safran until 2009.

Michel Pebereau

Mr. Michel Pebereau serves as an Independent Director of Total SA since 2000. Honorary Inspector General of Finance, Mr. Pebereau held various positions in the Ministry of Economy and Finance, before serving, from 1982 to 1993, as Chief Executive Officer and then as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Credit Commercial de France (CCF). He was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of BNP then BNP Paribas from 1993 to 2003, Chairman of the Board of Directors from 2003 to December 1, 2011, and is currently Honorary Chairman of BNP Paribas. He is the Company’s Chairman of the Compensation Committee. He currently serves as Director of BNP Paribas, Director of Saint-Gobain, Director of AXA, Director of EADS N.V., Director of Pargesa Holding S.A. (Switzerland), Director of BNP Paribas Suisse, Member of the Supervisory Board of Banque Marocaine pour le Commerce et l’Industrie, and Non-voting member (Censeur) of Galeries Lafayette. He previously served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of BNP Paribas until December 1, 2011, Director of Lafarge until May 2011, and Chairman of la Federation Bancaire Europeenne until 2008.