Profile: CBS Corp (CBSa.N)
CBS Corporation is a mass media company. The Company has operations in segments, which include Entertainment, Cable Networks, Publishing, Local Broadcasting and Outdoor. During the year ended December 31, 2011, contributions to the Company's consolidated revenues from its segments were Entertainment 52%, Cable Networks 11%, Publishing 6%, Local Broadcasting 19% and Outdoor 13%. During 2011, it generated approximately 15% of its total revenues from international regions. During 2011, approximately 59% and 17% of total international revenues were generated in Europe and Canada, respectively. Effective March 26, 2013, the Company acquired 50% interest in The TV Guide Network from Lions Gate Entertainment Corp.
The Entertainment segment consists of the CBS Television Network; CBS Television Studios, CBS Studios International and CBS Television Distribution, the Company's television production and syndication operations; CBS Films, the Company's producer and distributor of theatrical motion pictures, and CBS Interactive, the Company's online content networks for information and entertainment. The CBS Television Network through CBS Entertainment, CBS News and CBS Sports distributes a schedule of news and public affairs broadcasts, sports and entertainment programming to more than 200 domestic affiliates reaching throughout the United States, including 16 of the Company's owned and operated television stations, and to affiliated stations in certain United States territories. The CBS Television Network primarily derives revenues from the sales of advertising time for its network broadcasts. CBS Entertainment is responsible for acquiring or developing and scheduling the entertainment programming presented on the CBS Television Network, which includes primetime comedy and drama series, reality-based programming, specials, children's programs, daytime dramas, game shows and late-night programs. CBS News operates a worldwide news organization, providing the CBS Television Network and the CBS Radio Network with scheduled news and public affairs broadcasts, including 60 Minutes, 48 Hours Mystery, CBS Evening News with Scott Pelley, CBS This Morning, CBS Sunday Morning and Face the Nation, as well as special reports.
CBS News off-network production units produce programming for domestic and international outlets, including the CBS Television Network, cable television, home video, audio-book and in-flight markets, as well as schools and libraries. CBS News also provides CBS Newspath, a television news syndication service that offers daily news coverage, sports highlights and news features to the CBS Television Network affiliates and other subscribers worldwide. CBS Sports broadcasts include The NFL Today, certain games from the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament (including the NCAA Men's Final Four), the PGA Golf Tour, Masters Tournament and PGA Championship, the United States Open Tennis Championships, regular-season college football and basketball games on network television, in addition to the NFL's American Football Conference (AFC) regular-season, post-season divisional playoff and championship games. The Company, through CBS Television Studios, CBS Studios International and CBS Television Distribution, produces, acquires and/or distributes programming worldwide, including series, specials, news and public affairs. Such programming is produced primarily for broadcast on network television, exhibition on basic cable and premium subscription services or distribution via first-run syndication. First-run syndication is programming exhibited on television stations without prior exhibition on a network or cable service. The Company also distributes off-network syndicated programming, which is programming exhibited on television stations, cable networks or video-on-demand services following its exhibition on a network, basic cable network or premium subscription service.
Programming that was produced or co-produced by the Company's production group and is broadcast on network television includes, among others, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (CBS), NCIS (CBS), The Good Wife (CBS) and 90210 (The CW). In off-network syndication, the Company distributes series such as CSI:, CSI: Miami, CSI: NY, Criminal Minds, NCIS and NCIS: Los Angeles, as well as a library of older television programs. The Company also produces and/or distributes first-run syndicated series such as Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy!, Entertainment Tonight, Inside Edition, The Insider, Dr. Phil, Rachael Ray and Judge Judy. The Company also distributes syndicated and other programming internationally. The Company has entered into agreements for digital streaming of its programming in the United States. and certain other countries. The Company entered into non-exclusive licensing agreements with Netflix, Inc., for streaming various programming from the Company's library on Netflix's subscription video-on-demand services in July 2011 for Canada and Latin America and, in October 2011, for the United Kingdom. In September 2011, the Company entered into a non-exclusive licensing agreement with Hulu Japan LLC for streaming various programs from the Company's library on Hulu's subscription video-on-demand service in Japan. In February 2011 and July 2011, the Company entered into non-exclusive licensing agreements with each of Netflix, Inc. and Amazon Digital Services, Inc., respectively, to stream various programs from the Company's library on each of Netflix's and Amazon's subscription video-on-demand services in the United States.
The Company owns a 50% interest in a joint venture with Reliance Broadcast Network Limited, which operates three English language and one Punjabi language general entertainment television channels for the Indian market and surrounding territory. Also, the Company owns an approximately 33% interest in a joint venture with a subsidiary of Ten Network Holdings Limited to provide content to ELEVEN, a digital multichannel service, which launched in Australia in January 2011. In addition, the Company owns a 50% interest in a joint venture with Chellozone (UK) Limited, a subsidiary of Liberty Global, Inc., which owns and operates six television channels in the United Kingdom and Ireland, including CBS Action, CBS Drama and CBS Reality, and an approximately 33% interest in a joint venture, which owns two pay television channels in Australia called TV1 and Sci Fi. CBS Films produces, acquires and distributes theatrical motion pictures across all genres. CBS Films' theatrical releases during the year ended December 31, 2011, were The Mechanic and Beastly. In general, motion pictures produced or acquired by CBS Films are exhibited theatrically in the United States and internationally. CBS Interactive operates one of the global publishers of content on the Internet.
CBS Interactive's brands include CNET, CBS.com, CBSSports.com, GameSpot, TV.com, CBSNews.com, ZDNet, Last.fm, and MetroLyrics.com, among others, serve targeted audiences with text, video, audio, and mobile content spanning technology, entertainment, sports, news, business, gaming and music categories. In addition to its United States-based business, CBS Interactive operates in Asia and Europe. CBS Interactive generates revenue principally from the sale of advertising and sponsorships, in addition to fees derived from search and commerce partners, licensing fees, subscriptions, e-commerce activities, and other paid services. CNET.com is the Website for technology and consumer electronics information and features news, reviews, downloads and instructional and entertaining video and audio shows about technology. GameSpot is a gaming information Website providing video game reviews and previews, news, Webcasts, videos, and game downloads. CBSSports.com provides sports content, fantasy sports, community and e-commerce features. CBSSports.com owns and operates CBSCollegeSports.com College Network and MaxPreps.com. TV.com is a destination for entertainment and community around television where visitors can watch videos and discuss and obtain information about television shows across all networks. CBS Interactive also operates CBS.com, the online destination for CBS Television Network programming. Through the CBS Audience Network, the Company delivers content from its Websites and television, radio and affiliated stations.
The Company competes with ABC, FOX, NBC, The CW, MyNetworkTV, Disney, NBCUniversal, Sony, Paramount Pictures Corporation, Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures, Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc., Lions Gate Entertainment, The Weinstein Company, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc., Lakeshore Entertainment Group LLC, AOL, MSN, Yahoo!, Google, eBay, Shopping.com and Amazon.com.
The Cable Networks segment consists of Showtime Networks, the Company's subscription program services; CBS Sports Network, the Company's cable network for college athletics, and Smithsonian Networks, a venture with Smithsonian Institution, which operates Smithsonian Channel. Showtime Networks owns and operates three subscription program services in the United States: Showtime, offering recently released theatrical feature films, original series, documentaries, boxing, mixed martial arts and other sports-related programming, and special events; The Movie Channel, offering recently released theatrical feature films and related programming; and Flix, offering theatrical feature films primarily from the last several decades, as well as selected other titles. At December 31, 2011, Showtime, The Movie Channel and Flix, in the aggregate, had approximately 73 million subscriptions in the United States, certain United States territories and Bermuda. Showtime Networks also owns and operates multiplexed channels of Showtime and The Movie Channel in the United States, which offer additional and varied programming choices. In addition, Showtime Networks transmits high definition feeds of Showtime, The Movie Channel and a number of of their multiplexed channels, and also makes versions of Showtime, The Movie Channel and Flix available on demand, enabling subscribers to watch selected individual programs (in both standard and high definition in the case of Showtime and The Movie Channel, and standard definition in the case of Flix). Showtime Networks also makes available Showtime Anytime, a streaming on-demand authenticated version of Showtime, which can be accessed on computers via showtimeanytime.com or through an iPad application free of charge to Showtime subscribers as part of their Showtime subscription through participating Showtime Networks' distributors.
Showtime Networks operates the Website SHO.com and various mobile applications, which promote Showtime, The Movie Channel and Flix programming, and provide information and entertainment and other services. Showtime Networks derives revenue principally from the license of its program services to cable, direct broadcast satellite (DBS), telephone company, and other distributors. Showtime Networks also owns and manages Smithsonian Networks, a venture with Smithsonian Institution, which operates Smithsonian Channel, a cable service in the United States, featuring programs of a cultural, historical, scientific and educational nature. CBS Sports Network is a 24-hour cable program service that provides sports and related content, with a focus on college sports. The network features events from approximately 20 men's and women's sports and provides coverage of over 300 live events each year in addition to live studio shows and original programming. CBS Sports Network had approximately 44 million subscribers as of December 31, 2011. The network derives its revenues from subscription fees and the sale of advertising on its cable program service. CBS Sports Network and Comcast Corporation each owns a 50% interest in the mtn: MountainWest Sports Network, which exhibits Mountain West Conference athletics and is available to United States cable and satellite providers.
The Company competes with Home Box Office, Inc., Starz Entertainment, LLC and Netflix, Inc.
The Publishing segment consists of Simon & Schuster, which publishes and distributes consumer books in the United States and internationally. Simon & Schuster publishes and distributes adult and children's consumer books in printed, digital and audio formats in the United States and internationally. Digital formats include audio downloads for the Apple iPod and other companies' MP3 players, electronic books for devices, such as Amazon's Kindle, the Apple iPad and Barnes & Noble's NOOK, stand-alone applications for the Apple iPod and iPhone, and new hybrid text and video combinations. Simon & Schuster's major adult imprints include Simon & Schuster, Pocket Books, Scribner, Atria Books, Gallery Books, Touchstone and Free Press. Simon & Schuster's children's imprints include Simon Pulse, Aladdin and Simon & Schuster Books For Young Readers. Simon & Schuster also develops special imprints and publishes titles based on the products of certain CBS businesses, as well as that of third parties and distributes products for other publishers.
Simon & Schuster distributes its products directly and through third parties. Simon & Schuster also delivers content and promotes its products on general Internet sites, as well as those linked to individual titles; its created assets include online videos showcasing Simon & Schuster authors and new releases on YouTube, Facebook, MSN.com, SimonandSchuster.com and other sites. International publishing includes the international distribution of English-language titles through Simon & Schuster UK, Simon & Schuster Canada, Simon & Schuster Australia, Simon & Schuster India and other distributors, as well as the publication of local titles by Simon & Schuster UK and Simon & Schuster Australia.
The Company competes with Random House, Penguin Group, Hachette and Harper Collins.
The Company’s Local Broadcasting segment consists of CBS Television Stations, the Company's 29-owned broadcast television stations, and CBS Radio, through which the Company owns and operates 130 radio stations in 28 United States markets and related online properties. The Company operates local Websites in United States markets, including New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco and Dallas, which combine the Company's television and radio local media brands online to provide the news, traffic, weather, and sports information, as well as local discounts, directories and reviews. The Company owns 29 broadcast television stations through its CBS Television Stations group. It owns multiple television stations within the same designated market area (DMA) in nine markets, which include Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Dallas-Fort Worth, San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, Boston, Detroit, Miami-Ft. Lauderdale, Sacramento-Stockton-Modesto and Pittsburgh. The stations produce news and broadcast public affairs, sports and other programming to serve their local markets and offer CBS, The CW or MyNetworkTV programming and syndicated programming. The CBS Television Stations group principally derives its revenues from the sale of advertising time on its television stations. Substantially all of the Company's television stations operate Websites, which promote the stations' programming, and provide news, information and entertainment, as well as other services. These Websites principally derive revenues from the sale of advertising. The Company's radio broadcasting business operates through CBS Radio. The majority of CBS Radio's revenues are generated from the sale of local and national advertising.
The Company competes with Clear Channel Communications, Inc., Cumulus Media Inc., Emmis Communications Corporation, Entercom Communications Corp., Radio One, Inc., Pandora, Spotify, Rhapsody and XM Radio Inc.
The Company sells, through its outdoor businesses, advertising space on various media, including billboards, transit shelters and other street furniture, buses, rail systems (in-car, station platform and terminal), mall kiosks and stadium signage and in retail stores. It has outdoor advertising operations in more than 100 markets in North America, including all 50 in the United States, 19 in Canada and all 45 in Mexico. The Company has a variety of outdoor advertising displays in the Netherlands, France, Italy, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Ireland, Spain, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Chile and China. The Company operates its outdoor businesses through CBS Outdoor in the United States, Canada, South America and Europe, CBS Outernet in the United States, and Vendor in Mexico. Outdoor operates in the billboard, transit, street furniture and retail store advertising markets. Outdoor primarily operates two types of billboard advertising displays, commonly referred to as bulletins and posters. Billboard space is sold for periods ranging from 4 weeks to 12 months. Transit advertising includes advertising on or in transit systems, including the interiors and exteriors of buses, trains and trams and at rail stations. Street furniture displays bus shelters, which reach both vehicular and pedestrian audiences. Bus shelters are constructed, installed and maintained by Outdoor. CBS Outernet, a distributor of video programming and advertising content to retail stores, enables customized messaging by region and retail environment.
The Company competes with Clear Channel Outdoor Holdings, Inc., JCDecaux S.A., Cemusa Inc., Titan Outdoor Holdings, Inc. and Lamar Advertising Company.
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