Profile: Cypress Semiconductor Corp (CY.O)
30 Sep 2014
Cypress Semiconductor Corporation (Cypress), incorporated in December 1982, delivers high-performance, mixed-signal and programmable solutions. The Company operates in four segments: Consumer and Computation Division, Data Communications Division, Memory Products Division, and Emerging Technologies and Other. The Company’s offerings include the flagship Programmable System-on-Chip (PSoC) families and derivatives, such as CapSense touch sensing and TrueTouch solutions for touchscreens. The Company is engaged in universal serial bus (USB) controllers, including the West Bridge solution that enhances connectivity and performance in multimedia handsets. In addition the Company operates in static random access memories (SRAMs) memory market and programmable timing devices. It serves markets, including consumer, mobile handsets, computation, data communications, automotive, industrial and military. Cypress programmable products can be found in an array of end products, including cell phones, tablets, personal computers (PCs) and PC peripherals, audio and gaming devices, household appliances, and communications devices. In June 2013, WiLan Inc acquired a portfolio of patents from Cypress Semiconductor Corporation.
Consumer and Computation Division (CDD)
The Consumer and Computation Division designs and develops solutions for end-product manufacturers. Its programmable product offerings are the linchpin of its programmable solutions strategy. This division’s products include PSoC devices, CapSense and TrueTouch touch-sensing/touchscreen products and USB controllers and WirelessUSB products, and general-purpose programmable clocks. PSoC products are used in various consumer applications, such as MP3 players, mass storage, household appliances, laptop computers and toys. The TrueTouch touchscreen products are used in mobile phones, tablets, Global Positioning System (GPS), digital cameras and other mobile systems. USB is used primarily in PC and peripheral applications and is finding increased adoption rates in consumer devices, such as MP3 players, mobile handsets and set-top boxes. Timing devices are used ubiquitously in a wide variety of systems to synchronize the operations of various components.
The Company’s PSoC products are highly integrated, high-performance mixed-signal devices with an on-board microcontroller, programmable digital and analog blocks, SRAM and flash memory. They provide a single-chip solution for a variety of consumer, industrial, medical, and system management applications. A single PSoC device can potentially integrate as many as 100 peripheral functions.
Cypress’s PSoC 1 device delivers performance, and programmability with a 8-bit M8 central processing unit (CPU) subsystem. PSoC 3 uses an 8-bit, Intel 8051-based microcontroller with 7.5 times more computing power than PSoC 1. The 32-bit, ARM-Cortex-based PSoC 5 has 25 times more computing power than PSoC 1. The analog-to-digital converters on PSoC 3 and PSoC 5 are 256 times more accurate and 10 to 30 times faster than PSoC 1, and there are 10 times more programmable logic gates available. PSoC Creator is a design tool that allows engineers to use intuitive schematic-based capture and dozens of certified, firmware-defined, pre-packaged peripherals. During the fiscal year ended January 1, 2012 (fiscal 2011), Cypress introduced PSoC Creator 2.0, which offers compatibility with third-party compilers.
TrueTouch is a single-chip touchscreen solution that can interpret the inputs of more than 10 fingers from all areas of the screen simultaneously. This enables designers to create usage models for products, such as mobile handsets, tablets, digital camers, portable media players (PMPs), GPS and other products. The TrueTouch family also includes devices that perform traditional touchscreen functions, including interpreting single touches, and gestures, such as tap, double-tap, pan, pinch, scroll, and rotate. During fiscal 2011, Cypress introduced the Gen4 family of TrueTouch controllers. Its PSoC-based CapSense capacitive touch-sensing solutions replace mechanical switches and controls with simple, touch-sensitive controls by detecting the presence or absence of a conductive object (such as a finger) and measuring changes in capacitance. The CapSense family includes CapSense, CapSense Express and CapSense Plus, each supporting different ranges of general purpose inputs/outputs, buttons and slider devices. It offers a range of USB solutions, including low-speed (1.5 megabits per second), full-speed (12 megabits per second), high-speed (480 megabits per second) and Super Speed (five gigabits per second) USB products. The Company also offers a variety of USB hubs, transceivers, serial interface engines and embedded-host products for a range of applications.
WirelessUSB is designed for short-range wireless connectivity, enables personal computer peripherals, gaming controllers, remote controls, toys, and other point-to-point or multipoint-to-point applications to cut the cord with a low-cost, 2.4-giga hertz wireless solution. Cypress introduced WirelessUSB NL during fiscal 2011. Its programmable clocks are for devices requiring multiple frequencies, including Ethernet, PCI, USB, High-definition television (HDTV), and audio applications. Additionally, the FleXO family of high-performance clock generators can be instantly programmed in the factory or field to any frequency up to 650 mega hertz. Its RoboClock family of clock buffers feature programmable output skew, programmable multiply/divide factor, and user-selectable redundant reference clocks that provide fault tolerance. RoboClock offers a high-performance timing solution for designers of communications, computation and storage networking applications.
Data Communications Division (DCD)
The Data Communications Division focuses on West Bridge communication products, peripheral controllers, dual-port interconnects, programmable logic devices and PowerPSoC, which includes its EZ-Color light-emitting diode (LED) lighting solutions. Its communication products are primarily used in the networking and telecommunications market. This division also makes a line of legacy switches, cable drivers and equalizers for the professional video market. Its specialty memory products consist of first-in, first-out and dual port memories. First-in, first-out (FIFO) memories are used for applications, such as switches and routers, and dual port memories are used in switching applications and handsets, including networking switches and routers, cellular base stations, mass storage devices, mobile handsets, and telecommunication equipment.
The Company’s West Bridge products enable direct connection between peripherals, creating ultra-fast transfers while offloading the main processor from data-intensive operations. West Bridge controllers are three-ported devices designed specifically for handsets to provide a direct path from PC to handset mass storage, freeing baseband/applications processor resources by limiting its involvement in these high-density transfers. Additionally, West Bridge creates simultaneous usage models by adding dedicated paths between the three ports to create multiple usage models, such as using the handset as a modem, while downloading multimedia files, and playing music. Cypress introduced the West Bridge Benicia product, which is a controller to bring USB 3.0 speed (five gigabits per second) to mobile handsets.
The Company offers a portfolio of more than 160 synchronous and asynchronous dual-port interconnects ranging in densities from 8 kilobits to 36 megabits with speeds of up to 250 megahertz. Its dual ports are the solutions for interprocessor communication in a range of applications. Its FIFO portfolio is comprised of more than 100 synchronous and asynchronous memories in a variety of speeds, bus widths, densities and packages. Using industry-standard pinouts, these products are integrated into new and existing designs. Unidirectional, bidirectional, tri-bus and double sync configurations are available with built-in expansion logic and message-passing capabilities for various markets including video, data communications, telecommunications and network switching/routing. During fiscal 2011, Cypress introduced FIFOs at 72 megabits.
The Company’s Physical Layer Devices portfolio includes HOTLink, HOTLinkDX and HOTLinkII. These transceiver families cover data transmission rates of 50 Mbps up to 1.5 gigabits per second. The Company supplies a chipset for the transmission of digital video signals. This chipset is based on its HOTLink family and is used in professional digital video equipment such as editing, routing, recording and storage. It manufactures several types of programmable logic devices that facilitate the replacement of multiple standard logic devices with a single programmable device. Its range of programmable logic devices includes products ranging from 32 to more than 3,000 macrocells.
Cypress’s Power PSoC family of embedded power controllers is an integrated single-chip solution for both controlling and driving high-power LEDs and other power applications, such as small motors. The PowerPSoC family integrates four constant-current regulators and four 32 volts MOSFETs with its PSoC programmable system-on-chip, which includes a microcontroller, programmable analog and digital blocks and memory. The integration provides customers with a single-chip solution for high-quality LED-based lighting products and extends into other embedded applications such as white goods and industrial control. PSoC-based programmable Powerline Communication (PLC) solution that enables the reliable transmission of command and control data over high-and low-voltage power lines. The hardware platform combines a modem, network protocol and application code with PSoC’s programmable analog and digital circuitry, providing an integrated solution that speeds time-to-market. Key applications include smart metering, LED lighting, energy management and solar markets.
Memory Products Division (MPD)
Memory Products Division designs and manufactures SRAM products and nonvolatile SRAMs (nvSRAMs) which are used to store and retrieve data in networking, wireless infrastructure and handsets, computation, consumer, automotive, industrial and other electronic systems. Cypress is a supplier of SRAMs due to its portfolio of high-performance, synchronous SRAMs, consolidation within the supply base and additional share gains with strategic global customers. Its memory products target a variety of markets, including networking, telecommunications, wireless communications and consumer applications. In 2011, it reaffirmed its commitment to the SRAM market with investments in new product development for next generation of high-performance synchronous SRAMs. The Company has also completed a capacity expansion with one of its foundry partners that triples the capacity for its advanced 65-nm SRAM products with low lead-times. In addition, it is also investing in a wafer manufacturing process technology.
The Company manufactures a selection of asynchronous and micropower SRAMs with densities ranging from 16 kilobits to 64 megabits. These memories are available in many combinations of bus widths, packages and temperature ranges including automotive. They are used in point-of-sale terminals, gaming machines, network switches and routers, Internet protocol (IP) phones, integrated circuit (IC) testers, digital subscriber line access multiplexer (DSLAM) Cards and various automotive applications. Its high-speed synchronous SRAMs include standard synchronous pipelined, No Bus Latency (NoBL), Quad Data Rate, and Double Data Rate SRAMs, and are typically used in networking applications. NoBL synchronous SRAMs are optimized for high-speed applications that require maximum bus bandwidth up to 250 megahertz, including those in the networking, instrumentation, video and simulation businesses. Double Data Rate (DDR) SRAMs target network applications and servers that operate at data rates up to 550 megahertz. Quad Data Rate (QDR) products are targeted toward next-generation networking applications, particularly switches and routers that operate at data rates beyond 550 megahertz and offer twice the bus bandwidth of DDR SRAMs. During fiscal 2011, Cypress introduced 65-nm QDR and DDR SRAMs. The 144-megabit and 72-megabit devices, developed with foundry partner United Microelectronics Corporation (UMC), feature clock speeds and operate at half the power of their 90-nm predecessors. They are used for networking, medical imaging and military signal processing.
nvSRAMs are products that operate similar to standard asynchronous SRAM and store data into an internal nonvolatile array during unanticipated power downs. Additionally, these high-speed nonvolatile SRAM devices can store data for more than 20 years without battery backup. These memories are ideal for redundant array of independent disks (RAID) storage arrays, metering applications, multifunction printers and other industrial applications, such as programmable Powerline Communications (PLCs). Additionally, it has its 1-megabit serial nonvolatile SRAM family and its 4-megabit and 8-megabit parallel nvSRAMs with an integrated real-time clock, providing failsafe battery-free data backup in mission-critical applications.
Cypress’s Emerging Technology Division consists of businesses outside its core semiconductor business. It includes majority-owned subsidiaries Cypress Envirosystems, Inc., AgigA Tech, Inc. and Deca Technologies, Inc. It also includes internal business units Optical Navigation Sensors (ONS), Trackpad Solutions, China Business Unit, foundry services, other development stage activities and certain corporate expenses. Cypress Envirosystems, Inc., a majority-owned and fully independent subsidiary of Cypress, develops and markets technologies for commercial and industrial plants. Its products include a wireless pneumatic thermostat that enables remote temperature sensing and control, a wireless gauge reader that clips onto the face of existing gauges to capture and transmit data, a wireless steam trap monitor that detects leaks and failures, and a wireless transducer reader that provides energy-use characterization and baseline data for audits.
AgigA Tech, Inc. majority-owned and fully independent subsidiary of Cypress, is in the development of high-speed, high-density, battery-free non-volatile memory solutions. Its flagship product, AGIGARAM, merges NAND Flash, DRAM and an ultracapacitor power source into an non-volatile memory subsystem, delivering unlimited read/write performance at random access memory (RAM) speeds, while also backing up all data when power is interrupted. Deca Technologies, Inc. (Deca) is a majority-owned and fully independent subsidiary of Cypress Semiconductor. Deca’s initial product offering includes a series of wafer level chip scale packaging (WLCSP) solutions serving semiconductor producers. Its OvationONS laser-based optical navigation sensor replaces mechanical trackball types of user interfaces in smartphones, tablet PCs, remote controls, e-book readers, wired and wireless mice and industrial applications. The OvationONS II mouse-on-a-chip solution is a product combining a precision laser navigation sensor with an optical signal processor and microcontroller on a single chip.
Trackpads offer cursor control and other functions, and Cypress’s solution has been adopted by multiple PC manufacturers. Centered in Shanghai, Cypress’s China Business Unit designs and produces semiconductor solutions for the China marketplace. Its product includes PSoC-based solutions for electric bicycles, consumer electronics, and white goods. The China Business Unit is also licensing Cypress technology to foundries throughout Asia.
The Company competes with Altera, Analog Devices, Atmel, Freescale, Integrated Device Technology, GSI Technology, Integrated Silicon Solution, Inc., Lattice Semiconductor, Linear Technology, Maxim Integrated Products, Microchip Technology, Renesas, Samsung, Silicon Laboratories, Standard Microsystems, Synaptics, Texas Instruments and Xilinx.
Cypress Semiconductor Corp
198 Champion Court
SAN JOSE CA 95134