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Morocco to Spain: A desperate journey

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An aerial view shows Spain's north African enclave Melilla and northern Morocco November 28, 2013. Melilla is a small Spanish enclave on Morocco's Mediterranean coast. Armed guards and razor wire lining the 12-km (7.5-mile) frontier around the town have long discouraged Africans fleeing poverty and conflict from seeing Melilla as a gateway to Europe, 180 km (110 miles) away across open water. But desperation has driven many...more

An aerial view shows Spain's north African enclave Melilla and northern Morocco November 28, 2013. Melilla is a small Spanish enclave on Morocco's Mediterranean coast. Armed guards and razor wire lining the 12-km (7.5-mile) frontier around the town have long discouraged Africans fleeing poverty and conflict from seeing Melilla as a gateway to Europe, 180 km (110 miles) away across open water. But desperation has driven many migrants to fetch up at the gates, turning the port town of 80,000 into a new pressure point for waves of destitute people struggling to reach safety and prosperity of the European mainland. The United Nations marks International Migrants Day on December 18. 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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The Moroccan city of Nador and mount Gurugu are seen in the background, as people play on a golf course in Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

The Moroccan city of Nador and mount Gurugu are seen in the background, as people play on a golf course in Spain's north African enclave Melilla, December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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African migrants watch for police near a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco, close to the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

African migrants watch for police near a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco, close to the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Serge, a 28-year-old migrant from Cameroon, looks out for police as he returns to a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco, after picking up blankets from a Spanish operated immigrants association near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Serge, a 28-year-old migrant from Cameroon, looks out for police as he returns to a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco, after picking up blankets from a Spanish operated immigrants association near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Serge, a 28-year-old migrant from Cameroon, holds baby Kader, as they stand with other African migrants at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in woods in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Serge, a 28-year-old migrant from Cameroon, holds baby Kader, as they stand with other African migrants at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in woods in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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African migrants stop on their way back to a clandestine campsite on mount Gurugu in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's northern African enclave Melilla December 1, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

African migrants stop on their way back to a clandestine campsite on mount Gurugu in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's northern African enclave Melilla December 1, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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A baby named Kader sits in a plastic chair at a clandestine migrant campsite called Bolingo in woods in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

A baby named Kader sits in a plastic chair at a clandestine migrant campsite called Bolingo in woods in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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A copy of the Bible lies on the ground at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

A copy of the Bible lies on the ground at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Marie, a migrant from Cameroon, stokes a fire at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Marie, a migrant from Cameroon, stokes a fire at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Marie, a migrant from Cameroon, cooks food at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. M REUTERS/Juan Medina

Marie, a migrant from Cameroon, cooks food at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. M REUTERS/Juan Medina

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An African migrant warms himself by a fire at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

An African migrant warms himself by a fire at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Cisse Tiemouko, a migrant from Ivory Coast, warms himself by a fire at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Cisse Tiemouko, a migrant from Ivory Coast, warms himself by a fire at a clandestine campsite named Bolingo in northern Morocco near the border fence with Spain's north African enclave Melilla, November 28, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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The moon is seen over the border fence between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

The moon is seen over the border fence between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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The border fence between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla is seen along a road in the 12.5-square-kilometre territory December 4, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

The border fence between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla is seen along a road in the 12.5-square-kilometre territory December 4, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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A mosque is seen behind the border fence which separates Morocco from Spain's north African enclave Melilla, seen from the Spanish territory December 3, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

A mosque is seen behind the border fence which separates Morocco from Spain's north African enclave Melilla, seen from the Spanish territory December 3, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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A truck driver reacts to a Spanish civil guard sniffer dog at the Beni Ansar border crossing between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

A truck driver reacts to a Spanish civil guard sniffer dog at the Beni Ansar border crossing between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Moroccans queue at the Beni Ansar border crossing between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Moroccans queue at the Beni Ansar border crossing between Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Qassam (L) and Ahlam, Syrian refugees from Latakia, wait on opposite sides of a fence at a refugee centre in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Qassam (L) and Ahlam, Syrian refugees from Latakia, wait on opposite sides of a fence at a refugee centre in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Syrian refugees pass the time outside a refugee centre in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Syrian refugees pass the time outside a refugee centre in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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24-year-old Algerian Khedidja Azzouz, who is pregnant and homeless stands near a fire in a littered landscape in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 7, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

24-year-old Algerian Khedidja Azzouz, who is pregnant and homeless stands near a fire in a littered landscape in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 7, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Syrian refugees pass the time outside a refugee centre in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 7, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Syrian refugees pass the time outside a refugee centre in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 7, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Syrian refugee Yahya Khedr looks on during an interview in the Geranio hotel in Nador, northern Morocco December 6, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Syrian refugee Yahya Khedr looks on during an interview in the Geranio hotel in Nador, northern Morocco December 6, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Anwar, a Moroccan youth, climbs a statue of former Spanish dictator Francisco Franco, in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Anwar, a Moroccan youth, climbs a statue of former Spanish dictator Francisco Franco, in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Brunel, a 14-year-old from Cameroon, plays football in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 7, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Brunel, a 14-year-old from Cameroon, plays football in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 7, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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African immigrants from Mali pass the time in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

African immigrants from Mali pass the time in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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African migrants watch as an airplane flies overhead in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

African migrants watch as an airplane flies overhead in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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African migrants gather at the side of a road at sunset in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

African migrants gather at the side of a road at sunset in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Morocco's mount Gurugu is seen in the background as a dog stands near a Spanish flag flying in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 3, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Morocco's mount Gurugu is seen in the background as a dog stands near a Spanish flag flying in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 3, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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The border fence which separates Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla runs all the way to the sea at the farthest western point of the 12.5-square-kilometre territory's border December 3, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

The border fence which separates Morocco and Spain's north African enclave Melilla runs all the way to the sea at the farthest western point of the 12.5-square-kilometre territory's border December 3, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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A Moroccan youth climbs along a wall overlooking Melilla harbour in Spain's north African enclave as a ship prepares to leave towards mainland Spain November 30, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

A Moroccan youth climbs along a wall overlooking Melilla harbour in Spain's north African enclave as a ship prepares to leave towards mainland Spain November 30, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Mohamed, a Moroccan youth, smokes a cigarette near Melilla's harbour in Spain's north African enclave December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Mohamed, a Moroccan youth, smokes a cigarette near Melilla's harbour in Spain's north African enclave December 8, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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Syrian migrants Djamaar Khedr (L) his wife Nejmah and their son Qusai pose for a photograph outside a refugee centre in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

Syrian migrants Djamaar Khedr (L) his wife Nejmah and their son Qusai pose for a photograph outside a refugee centre in Spain's north African enclave Melilla December 5, 2013. REUTERS/Juan Medina

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