Oil and Gas

FACTBOX-18 countries affected by Russia-Ukraine gas row

 (Updates Czech Republic)
 Jan 8 (Reuters) - Russian gas flows via Ukraine were halted
for a second straight day on Thursday, hitting 18 countries
ranging from large European Union members such as Germany to
small ex-Soviet Moldova.
 For stories on the dispute, please click on [nLV634765]
 AUSTRIA - About 60 percent of annual demand is met by
Russian gas*
 Gas flows stopped on Jan. 7.
 No rationing of supply to Austrian firms before next Monday.
 Oil and gas group OMV OMVV.VI was drawing on reserves,
domestic production and other imports to guarantee supply.
 GERMANY - Russian gas meets about 42 percent of annual
 German energy groups E.ON AG EONGn.DE and Wingas BASF.DE
are relying on gas stores and a transit route via Poland. Gas
shipments to Europe via Ukraine have been massively reduced
since early on Tuesday, and no Russian gas has arrived into
Germany via the Czech Waidhaus border point for a second day.
 Energy firms warned of gas shortages if the dispute lasted
much longer and sub-zero temperatures endured.
 TURKEY -- Russia meets about 67 percent of annual gas
 Production at three Turkish power stations stopped on
Thursday. Russian gas supplies from a western pipeline passing
through Ukraine were cut on Tuesday. The country has raised
supplies of Russian gas delivered via a pipeline under the Black
Sea. Gazprom's Blue Stream pipeline to Turkey is working at full
capacity of 45 million cubic metres (mcm).
 GREECE -- Russia meets about 82 percent of annual gas
 All Russian gas supplies via Ukraine to Greece were halted
on Tuesday. Turkey's gas exports to Greece were below the
contract level with low pressure on the pipeline.
 Greece, a latecomer to creating infrastructure to supply gas
to households, is better placed to ride out the Russia-Ukraine
gas crisis than some of its neighbours as the country continues
to rely on oil for heating and power production.
 According to the Greek gas company Depa, natural gas
accounts for about 20 percent of Greece's energy needs, with
about 9 million cubic metres per day needed to cover domestic
demand. About 5-6 million cubic metres (mcm) come from Russia,
via Ukraine and then Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria.
 ITALY -- About 28 percent of annual demand for gas is met by
 Russian gas imports via the TAG pipeline were substantially
interrupted from 1.00 a.m. on Wednesday, with supplies reduced
by 90 percent. Italy has tapped its gas reserves.
 Economic Development Minister Claudio Scajola said on
Thursday Italy had enough gas stocks to last two months and see
it through the winter.
 FRANCE -- About 24 pct of annual gas demand is met by
 Russian shipments dropped by more than 70 percent on Jan. 6.
French Energy group GDF Suez GSZ.PA guaranteed supplies.
 France does not rely on gas in the same way as Germany or
Italy because 80 percent of its electricity is produced by
nuclear power stations.
 HUNGARY -- About 60 percent of annual gas demand is met by
 E.ON Ruhrgas is to supply Hungary with 2.5 mcm of natural
gas per day via a pipeline from Austria.
 Hungary eased restrictions on some large industrial gas
consumers from Thursday morning.
 It plans to use some of its strategic gas reserves on
Thursday to ensure supplies to household and most industrial
 Hungary is to provide Serbia with 1-2 million cubic metres
of gas on Thursday because of milder weather and lower household
 CZECH REPUBLIC - About 80 percent of annual gas demand is
met by Russia*
 The main transit pipeline from Russia to the Czech Republic
and Western Europe was shut on Jan. 7.
 No customers have suffered any shortfall, said the dominant
gas firm RWE Transgas, a unit of Germany's RWE RWEG.DE.
 The firm said it had about 1.9 billion cubic metres of gas
in storage, enough to supply Czech firms and households for
several weeks, unless the weather was extremely cold. There were
no plans at present to reduce supply to industrial customers.
 Consumption is about 50 million cubic metres on an average
winter day. The country now imports around 17 million cubic
metres per day from Norway and Russia via Germany, more than
standard shipments coming through the link only from Norway.
 SLOVAKIA - About 100 percent of annual demand is met by
 Slovakia declared a state of emergency after Russian
supplies stopped on Jan. 7. It may restart a nuclear power plant
it shut down to comply with the EU accession agreement if
Russian gas supplies remain halted for a longer time.
 The Slovak gas transit and distribution company SPP said it
had reduced supplies to around 1,000 Slovak companies.
 BOSNIA - Nearly 100 percent of Bosnia's gas comes from
 Russian deliveries stopped on Jan. 6. Bosnia uses around 350
million cubic metres of gas annually. It has no gas reserves.
 Natural gas accounts for around six to eight percent of
Bosnia's energy use, Bosnian energy officials say. Tens of
thousands have been left without heating and some factories have
closed. In Sarajevo, citizens that lived without heating during
the 1992-95 war have rushed to buy electric heaters.
 An alumina plant, two Slovak car factories, a steel mill and
a Hungarian car maker have had to shut.
 SERBIA - About 87 percent of annual gas demand is met by
 Supply from Russia was cut off on Jan. 6 and the country has
run out of gas. Tens of thousands of people are without heating,
and some health clinics and hospitals have closed.
 Natural gas accounts for 15 percent of its annual fuel use
according to the Serbian energy ministry.
 Hungary will provide Serbia with between 1-2 million cubic
metres of natural gas on Thursday.
 Heavy snow held up the transport of alternative fuels.