(Updates Czech Republic)
Jan 8 (Reuters) - Russian gas flows via Ukraine were halted for a second straight day on Thursday, hitting 18 countries ranging from large European Union members such as Germany to small ex-Soviet Moldova.
For stories on the dispute, please click on [nLV634765]
AUSTRIA - About 60 percent of annual demand is met by Russian gas*
Gas flows stopped on Jan. 7.
No rationing of supply to Austrian firms before next Monday.
Oil and gas group OMVwas drawing on reserves, domestic production and other imports to guarantee supply.
GERMANY - Russian gas meets about 42 percent of annual demand*
German energy groups E.ON AGand Wingas are relying on gas stores and a transit route via Poland. Gas shipments to Europe via Ukraine have been massively reduced since early on Tuesday, and no Russian gas has arrived into Germany via the Czech Waidhaus border point for a second day.
Energy firms warned of gas shortages if the dispute lasted much longer and sub-zero temperatures endured.
TURKEY -- Russia meets about 67 percent of annual gas demand*
Production at three Turkish power stations stopped on Thursday. Russian gas supplies from a western pipeline passing through Ukraine were cut on Tuesday. The country has raised supplies of Russian gas delivered via a pipeline under the Black Sea. Gazprom's Blue Stream pipeline to Turkey is working at full capacity of 45 million cubic metres (mcm).
GREECE -- Russia meets about 82 percent of annual gas demand*
All Russian gas supplies via Ukraine to Greece were halted on Tuesday. Turkey's gas exports to Greece were below the contract level with low pressure on the pipeline.
Greece, a latecomer to creating infrastructure to supply gas to households, is better placed to ride out the Russia-Ukraine gas crisis than some of its neighbours as the country continues to rely on oil for heating and power production.
According to the Greek gas company Depa, natural gas accounts for about 20 percent of Greece's energy needs, with about 9 million cubic metres per day needed to cover domestic demand. About 5-6 million cubic metres (mcm) come from Russia, via Ukraine and then Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria.
ITALY -- About 28 percent of annual demand for gas is met by Russia*
Russian gas imports via the TAG pipeline were substantially interrupted from 1.00 a.m. on Wednesday, with supplies reduced by 90 percent. Italy has tapped its gas reserves.
Economic Development Minister Claudio Scajola said on Thursday Italy had enough gas stocks to last two months and see it through the winter.
FRANCE -- About 24 pct of annual gas demand is met by Russia*
Russian shipments dropped by more than 70 percent on Jan. 6. French Energy group GDF Suezguaranteed supplies.
France does not rely on gas in the same way as Germany or Italy because 80 percent of its electricity is produced by nuclear power stations.
HUNGARY -- About 60 percent of annual gas demand is met by Russia*
E.ON Ruhrgas is to supply Hungary with 2.5 mcm of natural gas per day via a pipeline from Austria.
Hungary eased restrictions on some large industrial gas consumers from Thursday morning.
It plans to use some of its strategic gas reserves on Thursday to ensure supplies to household and most industrial users.
Hungary is to provide Serbia with 1-2 million cubic metres of gas on Thursday because of milder weather and lower household consumption.
CZECH REPUBLIC - About 80 percent of annual gas demand is met by Russia*
The main transit pipeline from Russia to the Czech Republic and Western Europe was shut on Jan. 7.
No customers have suffered any shortfall, said the dominant gas firm RWE Transgas, a unit of Germany's RWE.
The firm said it had about 1.9 billion cubic metres of gas in storage, enough to supply Czech firms and households for several weeks, unless the weather was extremely cold. There were no plans at present to reduce supply to industrial customers.
Consumption is about 50 million cubic metres on an average winter day. The country now imports around 17 million cubic metres per day from Norway and Russia via Germany, more than standard shipments coming through the link only from Norway.
SLOVAKIA - About 100 percent of annual demand is met by Russia*
Slovakia declared a state of emergency after Russian supplies stopped on Jan. 7. It may restart a nuclear power plant it shut down to comply with the EU accession agreement if Russian gas supplies remain halted for a longer time.
The Slovak gas transit and distribution company SPP said it had reduced supplies to around 1,000 Slovak companies.
BOSNIA - Nearly 100 percent of Bosnia's gas comes from Russia*
Russian deliveries stopped on Jan. 6. Bosnia uses around 350 million cubic metres of gas annually. It has no gas reserves.
Natural gas accounts for around six to eight percent of Bosnia's energy use, Bosnian energy officials say. Tens of thousands have been left without heating and some factories have closed. In Sarajevo, citizens that lived without heating during the 1992-95 war have rushed to buy electric heaters.
An alumina plant, two Slovak car factories, a steel mill and a Hungarian car maker have had to shut.
SERBIA - About 87 percent of annual gas demand is met by Russia**
Supply from Russia was cut off on Jan. 6 and the country has run out of gas. Tens of thousands of people are without heating, and some health clinics and hospitals have closed.
Natural gas accounts for 15 percent of its annual fuel use according to the Serbian energy ministry.
Hungary will provide Serbia with between 1-2 million cubic metres of natural gas on Thursday.
Heavy snow held up the transport of alternative fuels.
Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.