January 16, 2013 / 7:55 PM / 5 years ago

UPDATE 2-Goldman, JPMorgan 4th-qtr commods risk dives vs 2011

* Goldman cites significant drop in commodity revenues
    * Lower prices, trading uncertainty weigh
    * Goldman commods VaR $20 mln vs $26 mln year ago
    * JPMorgan commods VaR $14 mln vs $20 mln

    By Barani Krishnan
    NEW YORK, Jan 16 (Reuters) - Goldman Sachs Group Inc on Wednesday
said its commodities revenue suffered in the final quarter of 2012, while
JPMorgan Chase & Co reported a plunge in trading risk from a year ago.
    Analysts said falling oil, metals and grains prices as well as higher
trading uncertainties as the United States appeared headed for a fiscal crisis
toward year-end created a weaker trading environment for commodities.
    Goldman Sachs, Wall Street's leading investment bank, said its value-at-risk
(VaR) in commodities stood at $20 million in the fourth quarter, down from $22
million in the third quarter and $26 million a year ago.
    It said net revenues in fixed income, currency and commodities client
execution totaled $9.91 billion for 2012, or 10 percent higher than in 2011.
    "These increases were partially offset by significantly lower net revenues
in commodities and slightly lower net revenues in currencies," Goldman said,
without providing details.
    It was a rare admission for a bank that was once a powerhouse in various
aspects of the commodities trading business.
    JPMorgan, the largest U.S. bank, said its commodities VaR was $14 million in
the fourth quarter compared with $13 million in the third quarter and $20
million in the fourth quarter of 2011.
    Analysts have said falling commodity prices in the fourth quarter may be to
    "As commodity prices come down, the risk factor diminishes so it's not
surprising to see banks reporting lower VaR numbers," said Peter Cardillo, chief
market economist at Rockwell Global Capital in Melville, New York.
    Commodities prices as indicated by the Thomson Reuters-Jefferies CRB index
 fell nearly 5 percent in the fourth quarter of 2012 following a 9
percent gain in the third quarter.
    In the fourth quarter of 2011, the CRB, which tracks 19 commodities, rose
more than 2 percent.
    Market fears of the "fiscal cliff" and another U.S. economic recession in
2013 also kept markets on tenterhooks through December. A last-minute deal
avoided tax hikes and spending cuts that were scheduled to take effect on Jan.
    "A lot of trading positions in oil, metals and grains were possibly not
taken up in the last quarter due to anxiety over the U.S. 'fiscal cliff,' and
that would have played into the risk levels," said Wojtek Zarzycki, chief
investment officer at Optimal Investing in Toronto.
    Over the past two years, commodity trading risks have fallen more than they
have risen at U.S. banks, after new laws passed to limit excessive risk-taking
by financial institutions.
    In their heyday, Goldman and Morgan Stanley ruled Wall Street's
commodities business with a scale, savvy and expertise unmatched by their peers.
    The two ran physical commodity operations, such as oil pipelines and crude
shipping, and also managed huge proprietary trading books that bet large sums of
the banks' own money on energy, metals and agricultural derivatives.
    But their fortunes in commodities began dwindling after the 2008 financial
crisis prompted U.S. regulators to crack down on risk-taking by banks. Since
then, many Wall Street banks have dumped their proprietary trading desks, while
trading and hedging only on clients' orders. 
    In recent years, JPMorgan has stolen some of commodities' luster from
Goldman and Morgan Stanley. 
    Trading mostly metals, before pushing into oil in 2009, JPMorgan has made a
series of risky acquisitions and hires to ramp up its commodities business. In
2011, it reported bumper revenue from the sector.
    Morgan Stanley will disclose its fourth-quarter commodities trading risk in
quarterly results due on Friday.
    Two other banks - Bank of America Corp and Citigroup Inc -
will issue results a day earlier, but their fourth-quarter risk in commodities
trading will be made known later in a regulatory filing.
    The following table lists commodities VaR at leading Wall Street banks over
the past two years (in $ millions):
                       Average commodities VaR by quarter:

                   Q4   Q3   Q2   Q1   Q4   Q3    Q2    Q1   Q4'10
                       2012                 2011
 * Goldman Sachs   20   22   20   26   26   25    39    37    23   
 * JPMorgan        14   13   13   21   20   15    16    13    14   
 * Morgan Stanley  n/a  22   34   31   28   32    29    33    26   
 * Bank of America n/a 12.5 11.9  13.1 12.1 15.7  23.7  23.9 17.7 
 ** Citigroup      n/a  15  18    14   18   21    25    23   27  
*  Value-at-Risk based on a 95 percent confidence level   
** Value-at-Risk based on a 99 percent confidence level
0 : 0
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