It is your responsibility as an employer to withhold, deposit, report and pay federal employment taxes for your employees. Generally, the federal employment tax is made up of federal income tax; “FICA,” which is Social Security and Medicare tax, and is named for the Federal Insurance Contributions Act; and, “FUTA,” which is unemployment tax under the Federal Unemployment Tax Act. It might be hard to believe that failing to withhold, deposit, report, or pay these taxes can result in the following penalties.
* If your federal employment tax deposit is one to five days late, the IRS imposes a 2 percent penalty.
* If your deposit is six to fifteen days overdue, you can be charged a 5 percent penalty.
* If your deposit is late by sixteen days or more, there is a 10 percent penalty.
* If the IRS sends you a notice stating that you owe federal employment taxes and you pay the deposit directly to the IRS within ten days of the notice, you’ll be charged a 10 percent penalty.
* If the IRS sends you a notice stating that you owe the taxes but you wait more than ten days before complying, there is a 15 percent penalty
* A 10 percent penalty applies if you make the deposit at a financial institution that is not an authorized financial institution.
* For every month or partial month that you fail to file a return, the IRS imposes a penalty of 5 percent of what the return should have shown, up to a cap of 25 percent.
* For every month or partial month that you withhold federal employment taxes but pay them late, the IRS imposes a penalty of 0.5 percent of the tax amount, up to a cap of 25 percent.
* If you don’t withhold income and FICA taxes as you are required to do, or if you withhold the taxes but don’t pay them to the IRS, the IRS is authorized to penalize you up to 100 percent of the taxes owing.
* If you willfully try to evade the federal employment taxes, you commit a felony and can be punished by a fine of up to $500,000 if you are a corporation or up to $100,000 if you are an individual, and you could be imprisoned for up to five years.
* If you willfully fail to collect or pay to the IRS any federal employment tax, you commit a felony and can be fined up to $10,000 and you could go to prison for five years.
* If you willfully fail to file a return, keep federal employment tax records, or give the IRS information it requires, you commit a misdemeanor and face a penalty of up to $100,000 for a corporation or $25,000 for an individual, and you could go to prison for a year.
* If you willfully submit a false IRS form you could be fined up to $1,000 and go to prison for up to one year.
* If you are the person responsible for withholding, collecting, accounting for, and paying the federal employment taxes and you willfully sign or submit a document that you know contains false statements, you are guilty of a felony and could face a penalty of up to $100,000 and imprisonment for three years.