DAVOS, Switzerland, Jan 28 (Reuters) - Egypt believes it can withstand the economic crisis with a balanced current account and steady currency, but fears the world is facing a serious risk of protectionism, Trade and Industry Minister Rachid Mohamed Rachid said on Wednesday.
Rachid told Reuters falling prices for commodities such as wheat and oil products imported by Egypt were compensating for slowing demand in its key U.S. and European markets.
“We are hoping that we can get a balanced situation this year. But we know it’s going to be challenging,” he said in an interview.
In the 2007/08 fiscal year ended June, Egypt had a surplus on the balance of payments of $5.4 billion, but in the first quarter of the current year ended September the surplus was down to $500 million, trade and industry figures show.
Egypt expects both imports and exports to fall by about 20 percent in value terms this year, after rising 30 percent a year for the past three years, Rachid said.
The most populous Arab country sells 60 percent of its exports to the United States and Europe, but that figure is down from 85 percent four years ago, and Egypt is continuing to diversify into other markets in Asia, the Gulf, Africa and even Latin America, where demand is holding up better than in developed countries.
“There is definitely quite a gap now between the impact of the crisis in places like Europe and emerging markets — we can see that from our trade numbers,” he said.
With some 80 percent of tourists coming from Europe, tourism — one of Egypt’s main export earners — will be under pressure this year, Rachid said.
Another important source of revenue — income from the Suez Canal — has been hit by the slowdown in world trade, with declines in traffic of 30 percent on some routes, he said.
The external accounts outlook and relative health of Egyptian banks means the Egyptian pound EGP= is steady against the U.S. dollar, he said.
“We are not seeing any pressure on the currency at the moment. On the contrary because of the banking situation in Egypt... the fact that we are still hoping to have a balanced current account in terms of dollars, there are no pressures whatsoever at the moment for the currency to devalue,” he said.
That means the pound is continuing to appreciate against the euro and sterling, he said.
Rachid forecast foreign direct investment would slow this year to $10 billion from $14 billion a year ago, but still well up on $2 billion four years ago.
On the long-running Doha round of free trade talks, Rachid said the economic crisis meant it will be much harder to clinch a deal. Ministers failed to agree in July last year and World Trade Organisation Director-General Pascal Lamy decided against another push last month, he said.
“We had a very serious and real window of opportunity to conclude the Doha round... things look much much tougher now, it is not looking good at all,” Rachid said.
Rachid said there was now a serious trend toward protectionism, as rich countries unveiled subsidies and bailout packages to support local industries.
These were being rushed out in a haphazard manner, even though the problems were all interlinked. He called for a more coordinated approach among nations to decide what measures were suitable and which ones should be banned.
Last week Egypt imposed anti-dumping duties of 500 Egyptian pounds ($90) a tonne on imports of white sugar, on top of the existing 10 percent tariff, to protect the local sugar industry from unfairly priced imports.
Rachid said Egypt, which meets 70-80 percent of its needs in sugar from local production, had suffered such a strong surge in imports in recent weeks that domestic production had stopped. Major suppliers include Brazil, India and the European Union.
For full coverage, blogs and TV from Davos go to www.reuters.com/davos Reporting by Jonathan Lynn; editing by Richard Hubbard