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U.S. News

FACTBOX: Five facts about accused Nazi guard John Demjanjuk

(Reuters) - Following are five facts about John Demjanjuk, a retired Ohio auto worker who once was convicted and then cleared of being the Nazi concentration camp guard “Ivan the Terrible:”

* Born on April 3, 1920, in Kiev, Ukraine, he said he was drafted into the Russian army in 1941, became a German prisoner of war a year later and served at German prison camps until 1944. He immigrated to the United States in 1951 and became a naturalized citizen in 1958.

* He was stripped of his U.S. citizenship in 1981 and extradited to Israel, where he was sentenced to death in 1988 after Holocaust survivors said he was the notorious guard Ivan at Treblinka where 870,000 people died.

* The Israeli Supreme Court overturned his conviction and death sentence in 1993 and freed him after newly released records from the former Soviet Union showed another man, Ivan Marchenko, was probably the Treblinka guard.

* He returned to his home near Cleveland in 1993 and in 1998 the United States restored his citizenship. But the U.S. Justice Department the following year refiled its case against him, arguing he had worked for the Nazis as a guard at three other death camps and hid the facts when he immigrated.

* A federal judge rescinded his citizenship in 2002 and he was ordered deported in 2005, an order he appealed. But the U.S. Supreme Court on Monday rejected Demjanjuk’s appeal.

Writing by Mike Conlon and James Vicini; Editing by Xavier Briand

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