* Exports jump 11 percent in Jan vs year-ago
* Euro zone halves its deficit from Jan 2011
* Energy gap soars in 2011 vs 2010
* Trade deficit with China narrows in 2011
BRUSSELS, March 16 (Reuters) - A surge in German exports of cars and machinery helped the euro zone halve its trade deficit with the rest of the world in January, a sign that international demand offers the currency area its best chance a revival from its economic slump.
Exports from the 17 countries sharing the euro jumped 11 percent in January from the same month a year ago to bring the bloc’s trade deficit to 7.6 billion euros, from a deficit of 16.1 billion euros in January 2011, the European Union’s statistics office Eurostat said on Friday.
But imports only rose 4 percent in January, highlighting the austere times for European households hurt by government budget cuts, rising unemployment and the impact of the sovereign debt crisis on businesses and bank credit.
Adjusted for seasonal swings, the euro zone posted a trade surplus of 5.9 billion euros in January, the fifth consecutive month in positive territory.
Showing the strength of the German economy that accounts for almost 40 percent of the euro zone’s exports, Germany had a 157 billion euro trade surplus over the full year 2011. No other euro zone nation matched anywhere near that number, with the Netherlands coming closest, with a 45 billion euro surplus.
The euro zone’s economy is expected to shrink around 0.3 percent this year, its second recession in just three years, but the slump masks wide divergences in the bloc’s fortunes, with Germany likely to escape the slump despite a slowdown last year.
“Our expectation is that the economy in Germany will regain its footing,” said Ralph Solveen, an economist at Commerzbank.
Greece and Portugal, already in recession and only saved from insolvency by emergency euro zone funding, had large trade deficits last year and Spain’s deficit was one of the largest in the bloc, at 47.2 billion euros.
Overall, German resilience narrowed the euro zone’s trade gap with China to a 101.2 billion euro deficit last year, compared to a 114.7 billion deficit in 2010. The euro zone’s trade balance with the United States was almost unchanged at a 58.3 billion euro surplus.
On an annual, non-seasonally adjusted basis, energy accounted for the majority of the euro zone’s imports last year and the energy trade deficit widened to 327.8 billion euros.
Much of that oil and gas came from Russia, where the trade balance grew in Moscow’s favour in 2011, widening the euro zone’s deficit to 57.7 billion euros.