March 23 (Reuters) - The Obama administration on Monday provided details on the Treasury Department’s public-private plan to sop up bad assets now choking bank balance sheets. Following is a look at the plan:
The U.S. Treasury will provide $75 billion to $100 billion to seed the program. The money would come from the $700 billion financial rescue fund Congress approved in October.
The Treasury plans to leverage that money to buy $500 billion worth of toxic assets with financing from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp, a U.S. bank regulator, and the Federal Reserve, with the potential to reach to up to $1 trillion.
Reaching the $1 trillion level without seeking new funding from Congress will depend on investor interest in the program and which parts of it prove more popular. The plan relies on existing legal authority, so the Obama administration does not need congressional approval to start it.
By bringing in private investors, the government hopes to jump-start market mechanisms to establish benchmark prices for these assets. The plan is not expected to impose onerous executive pay restrictions on participating investors.
Treasury plans to seed a number of public-private investment funds that would combine taxpayer money with private capital to buy distressed “legacy” loans from banks.
These investment funds could purchase these loans by raising FDIC-guaranteed debt. The agency will offer up to a 6-1 debt-to-equity leverage ratio for these loans. So if investors and the Treasury each contribute $1 billion in equity to a fund, that entity can raise up to $12 billion in FDIC financing to purchase $14 billion in loans.
Under this part of the program, banks would approach the FDIC with a pool of loans they want to sell. The FDIC would offer financing and Treasury would partner with private investors to bid in auctions for the loans.
The auction and promised leverage determines the price for the assets. The Treasury could provide anywhere from 50 percent to 80 percent of the equity capital.
Obama administration officials said this part of the program could make up the largest portion of the asset purchases and that the distressed loans are the largest problem for banks that is hampering their lending.
Public-private funds also will get opportunities to buy so-called “legacy’ securities with a combination of private and government capital, possibly levered up by the government.
There are two basic approaches.
Under one, the Federal Reserve will provide financing by expanding its Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility, or TALF. The TALF, which is now a $200 billion program, will be expanded up to $1 trillion and will begin accepting older residential mortgage-backed securities that were once rated Triple-A and commercial mortgage-basked securities and asset-backed securities that are Triple-A as collateral for loans.
These securities will be given a valuation “haircut” larger than other TALF assets because of their riskier nature.
Currently, the TALF offers loans only against new or recently issued Triple-A rated asset-backed securities, with a narrower pool of securities acceptable as collateral, such as those backed by car loans, credit card debt and student loans.
The second approach would allow up to five investment managers to raise capital with a dollar-for-dollar public match, then co-invest with the government, which would share equally in both losses and gains.
These public-private partnerships could then seek senior debt from the Treasury for 50 percent of the equity capital of the fund, allowing each dollar in private equity to leverage two dollars in public funds.
The Treasury hopes that by competing with each other, the partnership would help create a price for legacy securities that are not currently trading, while helping to ensure the government does not pay too much.