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RPT-Fitch Affirms British Land at 'BBB+'; Outlook Stable
August 15, 2013 / 12:36 PM / in 4 years

RPT-Fitch Affirms British Land at 'BBB+'; Outlook Stable

Aug 15 (Reuters) - (The following statement was released by the rating agency)

Fitch Ratings has affirmed The British Land Company Plc’s (British Land) Long-term Issuer Default Rating (IDR) at ‘BBB+, Short-term IDR at ‘F2’ and senior unsecured rating at ‘A-'. The Outlook on the Long-term IDR is Stable.

The ratings reflect the company’s strong lease profile (10.7 years to first break) which is above average for the sector, and excellent tenant profile, which gives sound defensive qualities in a property downturn. The ratings also take into account British Land’s active asset management, building on its long-term relationships with prime tenants and its concentration on markets where the group has a competitive advantage, such as London offices and large out-of-town retail parks. The liquidity position is healthy with over GBP2.2bn of undrawn committed lines of credit and cash at March 2013.

The group’s financial structure remained strong in FY12, thanks partly to a capital increase of GBP493m in March 2013 and Fitch expects stable group leverage in the next two years. Fitch adjusted group leverage (LTV) was 37% at 31 March 2013 (LTV including equity in JVs of 26% at 31 March 2013), and 7.5x (on a net debt/EBITDAR basis), below the average for the Fitch EMEA REIT sector and in line with its ‘BBB+’ IDR.


Prime Quality Retail and Office Portfolio

British Land’s investment property portfolio is considered prime as a result of its location at or near key transport nodes (such as Liverpool Street station for Broadgate), construction to top quality building standards (to latest BRE Environmental Assessment Method) building standards which minimise energy use and maximise recycling. The buildings are usually let to top quality tenants, with a currently low level of doubtful debtors.

Defensive Income Profile

British Land has a longer average lease profile than any other major UK REIT (over 10.7 years to first break or expiry) and between 2013 and 2015 has only GBP56m of rents expiring (9.6% of gross rent roll). Over 25% of leases by income have fixed or RPI linked uplifts. In addition British Land has over GBP30m p.a. of contracted rental increases due to the expiry of rent-free periods and fixed/minimum uplifts in the next three years and GBP44.5m pre-lets coming on stream.

Improved Interest Serviceability

As a result of expiry of rent-free periods and some outstanding rent uplifts, both consolidated (EBIT net interest coverage (NIC) of 2.8x at FY12 (March 2013)) and de-consolidated (4.8x at FY12) interest coverage showed stable interest cover in FY12. Fitch’s rating case forecasts show continued EBIT NIC resilience to FY16, based on new contracted rents improving gross rent roll. Over 85% of debt is hedged against rising interest rates and hence British Land will not be materially affected by any new rise in GBP interest rates.

Tenant Defaults Are Well Contained

Tenant defaults are low (0.5% of tenant rent roll in administration at June 2013, versus 0.8% at June 2012) due to active asset management, better customer relationship management (CRM) and concentration on better performing property sectors, such as prime shopping centres and new retail parks. However, British Land is cautious about tenant defaults and continually monitors rent receipts and arrears.

Robust Financial Structure

The group’s financial structure remained strong in FY12, thanks partly to disposals of assets in 2012 and a capital increase of GBP493m in March 2013. Fitch LTV was 44% excluding development properties (37% including) at 31 March 2013 (46% at March 2012). Unsecured asset cover was strong at 3.7x at FY12. Further to the recent central Paddington estate acquisition, Fitch expects leverage metrics to remain steady during the year.

Cost Base Controlled

Net operating costs as a percentage of gross rental income stood at 15.3% at FYE12 (March 2013) (14.9% at FY11), one of the lower operating ratios in the EMEA REIT sector. As a percentage of British Land’s gross assets, operating costs were only 0.9%. British Land has traditionally outsourced much of its property overheads, and keeps control of these costs through constant benchmarking exercises.

Healthy Liquidity Position

At March 2013, British Land had over GBP2.2bn of undrawn committed lines of credit and cash and only GBP232m of debt maturing in the next two years. Despite a weak UK banking environment British Land arranged GBP1.2bn of financings during 2012. The unsecured facilities benefit from an unsecured debt/unencumbered property covenant at a maximum of 70% (actual at FY12, March 2013: 23%), giving unsecured creditors some comfort. Overall British Land has one of the strongest liquidity positions of any major UK REIT, and this is a significant competitive advantage in the current market.

Measured Development Expenditure

Around GBP188m remains to be spent on the three major British Land office projects and these have been de-risked. Overall around 65% of the total office and retail space under construction is pre-let, which reflects well on the group’s letting skills. British Land’s development pipeline remains moderate with total current development exposure of GBP327m (or 3% of investment property portfolio at March 2013). This remains well within Fitch’s guidelines for development exposure at IG level.

Diverse Debt Profile

British Land has always diversified its funding sources to reduce refinancing risk and minimise costs of funding while maximising financial flexibility. In 2012 it further widened its funding base by issuing a low-coupon GBP400m 1.5% 2017 convertible issue.


Positive: Future developments that could lead to positive rating actions include:

- Fitch de-consolidated EBIT NIC including securitisation and joint venture residual income above 3.0x and consolidated EBIT NIC above 3.0x on a sustained basis.

- Leverage to be below Fitch adjusted 40% on a sustained basis.

Negative: Future developments that could lead to negative rating action include:

- De-consolidated EBIT NIC including securitisation and joint venture residual income below 3.0x on a sustainable and underlying basis and consolidated EBIT NIC below 2.0x.

- Group leverage above 55% on a sustained basis.

- Material deterioration in liquidity.

- Material reduction in the unencumbered asset pool quality.

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