* Senate passes budget plan that could pave way for tax reform
* Stock futures portend firm start for European bourses
* Dollar, U.S. Treasury yields, U.S. stock futures rise
* Crude oil futures firm after overnight drop
By Lisa Twaronite
TOKYO, Oct 20 (Reuters) - Asian shares and the dollar gained on Friday after the U.S. Senate approved a budget blueprint for the 2018 fiscal year that will pave the way for Republicans to pursue a tax-cut package without Democratic support.
European stock futures rose 0.3 percent, pointing to a firm start, while Dax futures rose 0.4 percent and CAC 40 futures were up 0.3 percent.
By a 51-to-49 vote, the Republican-controlled Senate voted for the budget measure late on Thursday, which would add up to $1.5 trillion to the federal deficit over the next decade in order to pay for proposed tax cuts.
“The U.S. Senate has passed a budget resolution which paves the way for potential tax reforms in the U.S. So that has seen the dollar strengthen and U.S. yields move higher, as a result we’ve seen Asian currencies weaken,” said Khoon Goh, head of Asia Research at ANZ.
MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan , which scaled a 10-year peak on Tuesday, was up 0.3 percent, but still down slightly for the week.
U.S. S&P 500 e-mini futures were up 0.3 percent, and the benchmark 10-year Treasury yield rose to 2.353 percent from its U.S. close of 2.321 percent on Thursday.
Shares in New Zealand notched their 14th straight rising session and fifth winning week to close at a record after the nationalist New Zealand First Party agreed to form a new government with the centre-left Labour Party following weeks of political negotiations, ending the centre-right National Party’s decade in power.
But the New Zealand dollar wallowed at five month lows after a 1.7 percent fall on Thursday, its largest daily fall since June 2016, on concerns the new Labour coalition will take a tougher stance on immigration and foreign investment than the outgoing centre-right government.
Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index was up 0.8 percent, recovering some of Thursday’s 1.9 percent loss. On the mainland, the Shanghai Composite Index edged slightly higher, while the blue-chip CSI300 index was down 0.3 percent.
Japan’s Nikkei erased its earlier losses and eked out a 0.04 percent gain, and a robust weekly rise of 1.4 percent. The Nikkei logged its 14th gaining session, its longest such streak since 1961.
U.S. stocks were almost flat on Thursday, with Apple Inc falling 2.4 percent on signs of weak demand for the iPhone 8 that caused analysts and investors to question the company’s staggered release strategy for its latest phones.
The dollar buckled and U.S. bond yields dipped on Thursday after a report that President Donald Trump was leaning toward Jerome Powell as the next chair of the Federal Reserve.
Powell is seen as the most dovish of the Republican candidates. The current chair, Janet Yellen, a Democrat who is seen as a policy dove, is also on Trump’s short list, though few investors expect Trump to nominate a Democrat to the job.
“Clarity about the Fed nomination would be positive for the dollar,” said Masafumi Yamamoto, chief forex strategist at Mizuho Securities.
The dollar index, which tracks the greenback against a basket of six major rivals, rose 0.2 percent to 93.494, up 0.4 for the week.
The dollar jumped 0.6 percent to 113.16 yen, on track to gain 1.2 percent for the week, as investors awaited Sunday’s Japanese general election.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s ruling bloc is expected to secure a roughly two-thirds majority in Sunday’s general election.
“That kind of result would not have a big impact on the yen,” said Yamamoto, “but it is important to see whether or not the [ruling Liberal Democratic Party] considers it a victory for Abe or not, and it’s difficult to say where the threshold for that might be.”
The euro was 0.4 percent lower at $1.1808, moving back toward this week’s low of $1.1730 and down 0.1 percent for the week.
In Europe, shares notched their largest drop in two months on concerns over political upheaval in Spain and after disappointing results from large companies such as Unilever, France’s Publicis and Germany’s Kion.
Spain’s central government said on Thursday it would suspend Catalonia’s autonomy and impose direct rule after the region’s leader threatened to go ahead with a formal declaration of independence if Madrid refused to hold talks.
Crude oil prices firmed after shedding more than 1 percent on Thursday, breaking four days of gains, pressured by larger-than-expected product inventories in the United States and profit-taking after a recent run-up in markets.
Brent crude was up 17 cents at $57.40 a barrel, while U.S. crude added 22 cents to $51.51.
Additional reporting by Hideyuki Sano in Tokyo and Ambar Warrick in Bengaluru; Editing by Sam Holmes and Eric Meijer