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S&P has best 3 days since March on earnings optimism

NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. stocks jumped on Wednesday with the S&P 500 racking up its three best days since March, sparked by results from bellwether Intel Corp INTC.O that lifted hopes for a rebound in technology spending and improved corporate profitability.

Traders work on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange, May 26, 2009. REUTERS/Brendan McDermid

The broad S&P 500 has gained 6.1 percent so far this week as companies, including Intel and Goldman Sachs Group GS.N, posted much better-than-expected results. It is the biggest three-day gain since the three major U.S. stock indexes began a rebound from 12-year lows in early March.

The current earnings season is key as investors look for evidence to support optimism for an economic recovery.

In a sign that consumers might be faring better than feared, U.S. credit card companies said defaults and delinquencies were lower in June than expected. American Express AXP.N forecast better business in the second half of the year, pushing its stock up 11.3 percent to $27.22.

Optimism was further reinforced by manufacturing data that suggested the recession is abating, as well as minutes from the Federal Reserve’s most recent policy-setting meeting that showed officials judged that the U.S. economy’s contraction was slowing.

But Intel set the tone with earnings that handily beat forecasts on better-than-expected consumer demand for personal computers. It also gave a strong outlook and shares of the world’s largest chip maker shot up 7.3 percent to $18.05.

“Intel is the guts of the whole technology industry, so when they’re talking about consumers getting more active on the PC front, that augurs well for a lot of different things,” said David Katz, chief investment officer at Matrix Asset Advisors in New York.

The Dow Jones industrial average .DJI rose 256.72 points, or 3.07 percent, to 8,616.21. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index .SPX gained 26.84 points, or 2.96 percent, to 932.68, its best gain in nearly two months and putting it solidly back into the black for the year. The Nasdaq Composite Index .IXIC jumped 63.17 points, or 3.51 percent, to 1,862.90.

JPMORGAN AND IBM SIZZLE

Along with technology shares, the financial sector led the way higher, with the S&P financial index .GSPF climbing 4.1 percent. Hopes that banks will report better-than-anticipated quarterly results fueled Monday's rally. JPMorgan JPM.N, which releases its scorecard on Thursday, gained 4.5 percent to $36.26.

Intel's results lifted rival Advanced Micro Devices AMD.N shares, pushing AMD up 8.7 percent to $3.86 on the New York Stock Exchange, while the PHLX semiconductor index .SOXX jumped 4.4 percent.

Tech will likely continue to be in the spotlight on Thursday with results expected from bellwethers International Business Machines IBM.N and Google GOOG.O. IBM gave the Dow its biggest boost. IBM's stock climbed 3.9 percent to $107.22 on the NYSE, while Google's shares gained 3.2 percent to $438.17 on Nasdaq.

On the economic front, separate reports showed both industrial output and New York factory activity declined at a slower pace, while consumer prices edged up moderately. The New York Federal Reserve Bank’s Empire State business index registered its strongest level since April 2008.

Minutes from last month’s FOMC meeting showed central bank policy-makers thought economic growth would resume in the second half of the year, although the economy remained vulnerable.

Volume was moderate on the New York Stock Exchange, with 1.37 billion shares changing hands, below last year’s estimated daily average of 1.49 billion, while on the Nasdaq, about 2.53 billion shares traded, above last year’s daily average of 2.28 billion.

Advancing stocks far outnumbered declining ones on the NYSE by a ratio of about 9 to 1, while on the Nasdaq, about five stocks rose for every one that fell.

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